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The Evolution of Public Debt Vulnerabilities In Lower Income Economies

The Evolution of Public Debt Vulnerabilities In Lower Income Economies »

Volume: 20

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Strategy, Policy, & Review Department;World Bank

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 February 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513529110.007

ISBN: 9781513529110

Keywords: Access to international capital markets, Sovereign debt, Economic growth, Debt burden, Debt markets, PP, debt level, WEO, SOEs, HIPC

Public debt in lower-income economies (LIEs) has risen in recent years, with half of the countries covered in this report now assessed to be at high risk of or already in debt distress....

People's Republic of China-Hong Kong Special Administrative Region
			: 2019 Article IV Consultation Discussions-Press Release; Staff Report; Staff Statement and Statement by the Executive Director for the People's Republic of China-Hong Kong Special Administrative Region

People's Republic of China-Hong Kong Special Administrative Region : 2019 Article IV Consultation Discussions-Press Release; Staff Report; Staff Statement and Statement by the Executive Director for the People's Republic of China-Hong Kong Special Administrative Region »

Volume/Issue: 2019/394

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 December 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513524627.002

ISBN: 9781513524627

Keywords: Economic conditions, Financial statistics, External sector, National accounts, Economic indicators, ISCR, CR, HKMA, percent change, trade tension

This 2019 Article IV Consultation with People's Republic of China-Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (SAR) discusses that the economy is projected to start recovering next year, but the pace is expected to be...

Liquidity Choice and Misallocation of Credit

Liquidity Choice and Misallocation of Credit »

Volume/Issue: 2019/284

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ehsan Ebrahimy

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 December 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513521480.001

ISBN: 9781513521480

Keywords: Real sector, Negative interest rates, Positive interest rates, Interest rate increases, Interest rates, WP, financial development, competitive equilibrium, liquid equilibrium, Tirole

This paper studies a novel type of misallocation of credit between investments of varying liquidity. One type of investment is more liquid, i.e., its return is more pledgeable, and the other is more productive. Low...

Is Digitalization Driving Domestic Inflation?

Is Digitalization Driving Domestic Inflation? »

Volume/Issue: 2019/271

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Balazs Csonto , Yuxuan Huang , and Camilo Tovar Mora

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 December 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513519944.001

ISBN: 9781513519944

Keywords: Consumer price indexes, Nominal effective exchange rate, Price indexes, Purchasing power parity, Commodity price indexes, Inflation, Digitalization, IP Address, Internet., WP

This paper examines the extent to which digitalization-measured by a new proxy based on IP addresses allocations per country-has influenced inflation dynamics in a sample of 36 advanced and emerging economies over...

China's Productivity Convergence and Growth Potential-A Stocktaking and Sectoral Approach

China's Productivity Convergence and Growth Potential-A Stocktaking and Sectoral Approach »

Volume/Issue: 2019/263

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Min Zhu , Longmei Zhang , and Daoju Peng

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 November 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513515359.001

ISBN: 9781513515359

Keywords: Economic theory, Economic reforms, Economic growth, Real sector, Financial crises, Potential Growth, China, Convergence, WP, productivity growth

China's growth potential has become a hotly debated topic as the economy has reached an income level susceptible to the 'middle-income trap' and financial vulnerabilities are mounting after years of rapid credit ex...

Assessing Macro-Financial Risks of Household Debt in China

Assessing Macro-Financial Risks of Household Debt in China »

Volume/Issue: 2019/258

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Fei Han , Emilia Jurzyk , Wei Guo , Yun He , and Nadia Rendak

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 November 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513516073.001

ISBN: 9781513516073

Keywords: Financial crises, Fiscal sector, Real sector, Demographic indicators, National accounts, Household indebtedness, macro-financial risks, houshold survey, WP, consumption growth

High household indebtedness could constrain future consumption growth and increase financial stability risks. This paper uses household survey data to analyze both macroeconomic and finanical stability risks from t...

Quality Upgrading and Export Performance in the Asian Growth Miracle

Quality Upgrading and Export Performance in the Asian Growth Miracle »

Volume/Issue: 2019/259

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Chris Papageorgiou , Fidel Perez-Sebastian , and Nikola Spatafora

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 November 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513519227.001

ISBN: 9781513519227

Keywords: Development, Producer prices, Price indexes, Demand elasticity, Business cycles, growth miracles, product quality, international trade, exports., WP

We explore the contribution of product-quality upgrading to the export performance of six fast-growing Asian economies: China, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, South Korea, and Thailand. We focus on measuring the impact...

Managed Trade: What Could be Possible Spillover Effects of a Potential Trade Agreement Between the U.S. and China?

Managed Trade: What Could be Possible Spillover Effects of a Potential Trade Agreement Between the U.S. and China? »

Volume/Issue: 2019/251

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Eugenio Cerutti , Shan Chen , Pragyan Deb , Albe Gjonbalaj , Swarnali Hannan , and Adil Mohommad

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 November 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513518312.001

ISBN: 9781513518312

Keywords: Bilateral trade, Balance of trade, Patterns of trade, Trading systems, Trade policy, Managed trade deal, spillover effects., WP, extra purchase, size-based

The trade discussions between the U.S. and China are on-going. Not much is known about the shape and nature of a potential agreement, but it seems possible that it would include elements of managed trade. This pape...

The Drivers, Implications and Outlook for China's Shrinking Current Account Surplus

The Drivers, Implications and Outlook for China's Shrinking Current Account Surplus »

Volume/Issue: 2019/244

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Pragyan Deb , Albe Gjonbalaj , and Swarnali Hannan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 November 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513516097.001

ISBN: 9781513516097

Keywords: Accounting, Aging, Assets, Balance of trade, Bank deposits, Bilateral trade, Bonds, Capital, Capital account, Capital flows

China's current account surplus has declined significantly from its peak in 2008 and the external position in 2018 was in line with medium-term fundamentals and desirable policies. While cyclical factors and expans...

Regional Economic Outlook, October 2019, Middle East and Central Asia

Regional Economic Outlook, October 2019, Middle East and Central Asia »

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 November 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513514000.086

ISBN: 9781513514000

Keywords: Regional Economic Outlook, Middle East and Central Asia, Economic growth, Oil prices, Market economies, Regional economics, Fiscal policy, economic outlook, global trade tensions, oil-importing countries

Growth in the near term remains subdued for oil exporters in the Middle East, North Africa, Afghanistan, and Pakistan (MENAP) region, amid volatile oil prices, precarious global growth, elevated fiscal vulnerabilit...