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Spillovers of the U.S. Subprime Financial Turmoil to Mainland China and Hong Kong SAR
			: Evidence from Stock Markets

Spillovers of the U.S. Subprime Financial Turmoil to Mainland China and Hong Kong SAR : Evidence from Stock Markets »

Volume/Issue: 2009/166

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Xiaojing Zhang , and Tao Sun

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451873139.001

ISBN: 9781451873139

Keywords: standard error, stock market, equations, Subprime Crisis, Garch,

This paper focuses on evidence from stock markets as it investigates the spillovers from the United States to mainland China and Hong Kong SAR during the subprime crisis. Using both univariate and multivariate GARC...

A New Look at the Determinants of Growth in Asian Countries

A New Look at the Determinants of Growth in Asian Countries »

Volume/Issue: 2015/195

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Manuk Ghazanchyan , Janet Stotsky , and Qianqian Zhang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 September 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513524535.001

ISBN: 9781513524535

Keywords: growth, exchange rate, exchange rate regime, economies, currency, General, Open Economy Macroeconomics, Economic Growth of Open Economies, General, Asia including Middle East,

This study examines the drivers of growth in Asian countries, with focus on the role of investment, the exchange rate regime, financial risk, and capital account openness. We use a panel data set of a sample of Asi...

A Review of PPP-Adjusted GDP Estimation and its Potential Use for the Fund's Operational Purposes

A Review of PPP-Adjusted GDP Estimation and its Potential Use for the Fund's Operational Purposes »

Volume/Issue: 1995/18

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Nancy Wagner

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 1995

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451843613.001

ISBN: 9781451843613

Keywords: purchasing power parity, civil service

International comparison of economic aggregates, expressed in domestic currencies, requires their conversion into a common numeraire currency such as the U.S. dollar or the SDR. Since market (or official) exchange...

A Simple Monetary Model of a Shortage Economy

A Simple Monetary Model of a Shortage Economy »

Volume/Issue: 1992/69

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Shoukang Lin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 1992

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451960662.001

ISBN: 9781451960662

Keywords: wage, black market, wages, inflation, money supply

During the transition from a centrally planned economy to a market economy, many countries seem to have experienced some degree of macroeconomic instability. This paper attempts to provide a theoretical explanation...

Accounting for Reserves

Accounting for Reserves »

Volume/Issue: 2012/302

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Tamim Bayoumi , and Christian Saborowski

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 December 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475535761.001

ISBN: 9781475535761

Keywords: Reserve accumulation, current account, capital account, current accounts, capital account liberalization, General,

Views on the effectiveness of sterilized reserve intervention vary. Sterilized intervention is generally seen as ineffective in advanced countries while persistent intervention by some emerging markets is often cit...

Activation of a Modern Industry

Activation of a Modern Industry »

Volume/Issue: 2002/15

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Danyang Xie , and Ping Wang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2002

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451843279.001

ISBN: 9781451843279

Keywords: industrial transformation, subsistence, skilled labor, unemployment, skilled workers, employment, unemployment rate

This paper constructs an integrated framework to disentangle the underlying economic mechanism of industrial transformation. We consider three essential elements for the analysis: skill requirements, industry-wide...

Africa's Rising Exposure to China
			: How Large Are Spillovers Through Trade?

Africa's Rising Exposure to China : How Large Are Spillovers Through Trade? »

Volume/Issue: 2013/250

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Paulo Drummond , and Estelle Liu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 December 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484311318.001

ISBN: 9781484311318

Keywords: spillover, panel data, econometrics, export growth, exporters, oil exporters, total exports, General,

The rapid growth in China's domestic investment in recent decades has generated a large appetite for global goods, including from sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). This paper estimates the impact of changes in China's inve...

After the Boom-Commodity Prices and Economic Growth in Latin America and the Caribbean

After the Boom-Commodity Prices and Economic Growth in Latin America and the Caribbean »

Volume/Issue: 2014/154

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Bertrand Gruss

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 August 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498363518.001

ISBN: 9781498363518

Keywords: Global VAR (GVAR), commodity prices, output growth, Latin America, commodity exporters, exporters, commodity exports, Time-Series Models, Open Economy Macroeconomics, Economic Growth of Open Economies

After skyrocketing over the past decade, commodity prices have remained stable or eased somewhat since mid-2011-and most projections suggest they are not likely to resume the upward trend observed in the last decad...

Aging in the Asian 'Tigers'
			: Challenges for Fiscal Policy

Aging in the Asian 'Tigers' : Challenges for Fiscal Policy »

Volume/Issue: 1997/143

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Peter Heller

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 1997

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451856309.001

ISBN: 9781451856309

Keywords: aging, Asia, demographics, health, medical care, pension, medical insurance, labor force, pension schemes

The paper assesses the government expenditure effects from changing demographics in the Asian “Tiger” economies through 2050. With some exceptions, their limited social insurance commitments initially...

Agricultural Trade and Protection in Asia

Agricultural Trade and Protection in Asia »

Volume/Issue: 1988/63

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 July 1988

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451963403.001

ISBN: 9781451963403

Keywords: agricultural trade, average tariff, quantitative restrictions, agricultural commodities, tariff levels

The study reveals agricultural import restrictions are widely applied in Asia, but that Japan and Korea impose lower average tariffs and nontariff barriers with less frequency than most Asian countries. It also fin...