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World Economic Outlook, April 2019

Growth Slowdown, Precarious Recovery

The global economic expansion decelerated in the second half of 2018 with global growth projected to slow to 3.3 percent in 2019, with risks to future growth on the downside.

World Economic Outlook, April 2019

Growth Slowdown, Precarious Recovery

The global economic expansion decelerated in the second half of 2018 with global growth projected to slow to 3.3 percent in 2019, with risks to future growth on the downside.

Asia and Pacific
			: Small States Monitor, April 2014:  Volume 1, Issue 1

Asia and Pacific : Small States Monitor, April 2014: Volume 1, Issue 1 »

Series: Other Periodicals

Author(s): Shari Boyce , Sergei Dodzin , Xuefei Bai , Ezequiel Cabezon , Fazurin Jamaludin , Yiqun Wu , and Rosanne Heller

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 April 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475579611.029

ISBN: 9781475579611

Keywords: license, license fees, fiscal policy, commodity exporters, exporters

The work on the small states is an important component of the IMF's global policy agenda. Among the 36 member countries covered by the IMF Asia and Pacific Department (APD), 13 countries are developing small states...

Finance & Development, June 1995

Finance & Development, June 1995 »

Volume/Issue: 32/2

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1995

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451952643.022

ISBN: 9781451952643

Keywords: pension, benefits, pensions, payroll, pension plans

For the latest thinking about the international financial system, monetary policy, economic development, poverty reduction, and other critical issues, subscribe to Finance & Development (F&D). This lively quarterly...

Finance & Development, March 1990

Finance & Development, March 1990 »

Volume/Issue: 27/1

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1990

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451953022.022

ISBN: 9781451953022

Keywords: inflation, wage, wage increases, inflationary pressures, wages

For the latest thinking about the international financial system, monetary policy, economic development, poverty reduction, and other critical issues, subscribe to Finance & Development (F&D). This lively quarterly...

IMF Staff Papers, Volume 56, No. 2

IMF Staff Papers, Volume 56, No. 2 »

Volume: 56

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 June 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589067950.024

ISBN: 9781589067950

Keywords: labor productivity growth, employment, labor productivity, labor shares

China’s growth performance since the start of economic reforms in 1978 has been impressive, but the gains have not been distributed equally across provinces. We use a nonparametric approach to analyze the va...

A Simple Monetary Model of a Shortage Economy

A Simple Monetary Model of a Shortage Economy »

Volume/Issue: 1992/69

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Shoukang Lin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 1992

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451960662.001

ISBN: 9781451960662

Keywords: wage, black market, wages, inflation, money supply

During the transition from a centrally planned economy to a market economy, many countries seem to have experienced some degree of macroeconomic instability. This paper attempts to provide a theoretical explanation...

Activation of a Modern Industry

Activation of a Modern Industry »

Volume/Issue: 2002/15

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Danyang Xie , and Ping Wang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2002

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451843279.001

ISBN: 9781451843279

Keywords: industrial transformation, subsistence, skilled labor, unemployment, skilled workers, employment, unemployment rate

This paper constructs an integrated framework to disentangle the underlying economic mechanism of industrial transformation. We consider three essential elements for the analysis: skill requirements, industry-wide...

Asia Rising
			: A Sectoral Perspective

Asia Rising : A Sectoral Perspective »

Volume/Issue: 2007/130

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451866940.001

ISBN: 9781451866940

Keywords: Growth, productivity growth, employment, agricultural employment, employment share, total employment,

This paper undertakes a cross-country analysis of productivity growth at both the aggregate and sectoral level. It finds that Asia's remarkable output growth over the past 40 years reflected both high investment, a...

Can Policies Affect Employment Intensity of Growth? A Cross-Country Analysis

Can Policies Affect Employment Intensity of Growth? A Cross-Country Analysis »

Volume/Issue: 2012/218

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Davide Furceri , Ernesto Crivelli , and Joël Toujas-Bernate

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475505689.001

ISBN: 9781475505689

Keywords: employment elasticities, structural policies, reforms, labor market, labor market policies, Macroeconomics: Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment and Investment: Other, Mobility

The aim of this paper is to provide new estimates of employment-output elasticities and assess the effect of structural and macroeocnomic policies on the employment-intensity of growth. Using an unbalanced panel of...

China's Labor Market in the 'New Normal'

China's Labor Market in the 'New Normal' »

Volume/Issue: 2015/151

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Waikei Lam , Xiaoguang Liu , and Alfred Schipke

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 July 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513570693.001

ISBN: 9781513570693

Keywords: Mobility, labor market, labor, employment, General, General, General, General, General, General,

As China implements reforms under the 'new normal,' maintaining stability in the labor market is a priority. The country's demography and labor dynamics are changing, after benefitting in past decades from ample ch...

China's Labor Market Performance and Challenges

China's Labor Market Performance and Challenges »

Volume/Issue: 2003/210

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Tao Ran , and Ray Brooks

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2003

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451874815.001

ISBN: 9781451874815

Keywords: labor force, labor market, jobs, Demand and Supply of Labor: General, Unemployment: Models, Duration, Incidence, and Job Search

A more market-oriented labor market has emerged in China in the past twenty years with growing importance of the urban private sector, as state-owned enterprises have downsized. Despite the progress on reforms, a s...