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  • Asia and the Pacific x
  • IMF Working Papers x
  • Keywords: current account x
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The External Balance Assessment (EBA) Methodology

The External Balance Assessment (EBA) Methodology »

Volume/Issue: 2013/272

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Steven Phillips , Luis Catão , Luca Ricci , Rudolfs Bems , Mitali Das , Julian Di Giovanni , Filiz Unsal , Marola Castillo , Jungjin Lee , Jair Rodriguez , and Mauricio Vargas

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 December 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484346686.001

ISBN: 9781484346686

Keywords: net foreign assets, current accounts, private credit, reserve currency, current account balances, Open Economy Macroeconomics, International Policy Coordination and Transmission,

The External Balance Assessment (EBA) methodology has been developed by the IMF's Research Department as a successor to the CGER methodology for assessing current accounts and exchange rates in a multilaterally con...

Are the Asia and Pacific Small States Different from Other Small States?

Are the Asia and Pacific Small States Different from Other Small States? »

Volume/Issue: 2013/123

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Patrizia Tumbarello , Ezequiel Cabezon , and Yiqun Wu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 May 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484339190.001

ISBN: 9781484339190

Keywords: micro states, Pacific islands, growth, volatility, terms of trade, trade openness, current account balance, external shocks, trade deficits, Open Economy Macroeconomics

The small states of the Asia and Pacific region face unique challenges in raising their growth potential and living standards relative to other small states due to their small populations, geographical isolation an...

Accounting for Reserves

Accounting for Reserves »

Volume/Issue: 2012/302

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Tamim Bayoumi , and Christian Saborowski

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 December 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475535761.001

ISBN: 9781475535761

Keywords: Reserve accumulation, current account, capital account, current accounts, capital account liberalization, General,

Views on the effectiveness of sterilized reserve intervention vary. Sterilized intervention is generally seen as ineffective in advanced countries while persistent intervention by some emerging markets is often cit...

An End to China's Imbalances?

An End to China's Imbalances? »

Volume/Issue: 2012/100

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ashvin Ahuja , Nigel Chalk , Nathan Porter , Papa N'Diaye , and Malhar Nabar

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475502909.001

ISBN: 9781475502909

Keywords: current account surplus, current account balance, trading partners

Global imbalances have been a central theme of the international economic policy debate for much of the last decade, prompted by large and sustained current account deficits in the U.S. and counterpart surpluses in...

How Robust are Estimates of Equilibrium Real Exchange Rates
			: The Case of China

How Robust are Estimates of Equilibrium Real Exchange Rates : The Case of China »

Volume/Issue: 2006/220

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Lamin Leigh , Steven Dunaway , and Xiangming Li

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451864809.001

ISBN: 9781451864809

Keywords: China&;amp;#x2019;s equilibrium real exchange rate, robustness tests, exchange rate, real exchange rate, equation, current account balance, Demand and Supply of Labor: General

Increased attention is being paid to assessments of the actual values of countries' real exchange rates relative to their "equilibrium" values as suggested by "fundamental" determining factors. This paper assesses...

Estimating China's "Equilibrium" Real Exchange Rate

Estimating China's "Equilibrium" Real Exchange Rate »

Volume/Issue: 2005/202

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Xiangming Li , and Steven Dunaway

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451862218.001

ISBN: 9781451862218

Keywords: exchange rate, real exchange rate, current account balance, trade model, balance of payments

The number of studies attempting to estimate the "equilibrium" real value of China's currency has proliferated in recent years as the country's presence in world markets has grown. These studies have sought to esta...

Demographic Change in Asia
			: The Impacton Optimal National Saving, Investment, and the Current Account

Demographic Change in Asia : The Impacton Optimal National Saving, Investment, and the Current Account »

Volume/Issue: 2000/115

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ian McDonald , Serge Bésanger , and Ross Guest

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2000

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451853858.001

ISBN: 9781451853858

Keywords: Current Account Balance, Investments, Aging, Demography, national saving, consumption demands, demographic projections, age group, older people

This paper calculates the levels of optimal national saving, investment, and the current account balance for five Asian economies—Hong Kong SAR, Japan, Singapore, Malaysia, and the Philippines—for the...

Current Account Sustainability
			: Selected East Asian and Latin American Experiences

Current Account Sustainability : Selected East Asian and Latin American Experiences »

Volume/Issue: 1996/110

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Assaf Razin , and Gian Milesi-Ferretti

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 1996

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451853292.001

ISBN: 9781451853292

Keywords: current account, current account deficits, capital inflows, external debt, capital flows

A number of developing countries have run large and persistent current account deficits in both the late seventies/early eighties and in the early nineties, raising the issue of whether these persistent imbalances...