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International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2018

Building a Shared Future

International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2018.

International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2017

Promoting Inclusive Growth

How to get global growth going again through trade, productivity, reducing inequality, and promoting women's economic empowerment.

Credit Booms-Is China Different?

Credit Booms-Is China Different? »

Volume/Issue: 2018/2

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sally Chen , and Joong Shik Kang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 January 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484336762.001

ISBN: 9781484336762

Keywords: Financial crises, Financial cycles, Banking crises, Asia and Pacific, credit gap, debt overhang, sustainable growth, General

Strong Chinese output growth after the Global Financial Crisis was supported by booming credit. This credit boom carries risks. International experience suggests that China's credit growth is on a dangerous traject...

Resolving China's Zombies: Tackling Debt and Raising Productivity

Resolving China's Zombies: Tackling Debt and Raising Productivity »

Volume/Issue: 2017/266

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): W. Raphael Lam , Alfred Schipke , Yuyan Tan , and Zhibo Tan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 November 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484330722.001

ISBN: 9781484330722

Keywords: Corporate debt, Debt restructuring, Asia and Pacific, China, state-owned enterprises, and zombie firms, zombie firms, General, Firm Behavior: Empirical Analysis

Nonviable 'zombie' firms have become a key concern in China. Using novel firm-level industrial survey data, this paper illustrates the central role of zombies and their strong linkages with stateowned enterprises (...

Collect More, Spend Better
			: Public Investment in Asian Frontier Markets

Collect More, Spend Better : Public Investment in Asian Frontier Markets »

Volume/Issue: 2017/10

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Manuk Ghazanchyan , Ricardo Marto , Jiri Jonas , and Kaitlyn Douglass

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 January 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475570892.001

ISBN: 9781475570892

Keywords: Southeast Asia, Sri Lanka, Tax collection, Vietnam, Capital expenditure, Public investment, Fiscal policy, Emerging markets, Cambodia, Debt sustainability

We use a dynamic small open economy model to explore the macroeconomic impact of alternative public investment scaling-up scenarios, analyzing how improving the efficiency of capital spending and of tax revenue col...

Resolving China's Corporate Debt Problem

Resolving China's Corporate Debt Problem »

Volume/Issue: 2016/203

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Wojciech Maliszewski , Serkan Arslanalp , John Caparusso , José Garrido , Si Guo , Joong Shik Kang , W. Raphael Lam , Daniel Law , Wei Liao , Nadia Rendak , Philippe Wingender , Jiangyan Yu , and Longmei Zhang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 October 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475545289.001

ISBN: 9781475545289

Keywords: Corporate Debt Overhang; Credit; Restructuring; Hardening Budget Constraints

Corporate credit growth in China has been excessive in recent years. This credit boom is related to the large increase in investment after the Global Financial Crisis. Investment efficiency has fallen and the finan...

Local Government Financing Platforms in China: A Fortune or Misfortune?

Local Government Financing Platforms in China: A Fortune or Misfortune? »

Volume/Issue: 2013/243

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Yinqiu Lu , and Tao Sun

Publisher: Bank of Communications/New Finance

Publication Date: 16 December 2013

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484335895.001

ISBN: 9781484335895

Keywords: Governance, China, Government expenditures, Revenues, Bond issues, Banks, local governments, local government borrowing, local government debt, local government revenue

China's rapid credit expansion in 2009-10 brought local government financing platforms (LGFPs) into the spotlight. This paper discusses their function, reasons behind their recent expansion, and risks they are posi...

World Economic Outlook, October 2012
			: Coping with High Debt and Sluggish Growth

World Economic Outlook, October 2012 : Coping with High Debt and Sluggish Growth »

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 October 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781616353896.081

ISBN: 9781616353896

Keywords: Budget estimates, Adjustment process, Commodity prices, Debt reduction, Euro, public debt, fiscal consolidation, current account, inflation

The October 2012 World Economic Outlook (WEO) assesses the prospects for the global recovery in light of such risks as the ongoing euro area crisis and the "fiscal cliff" facing U.S. policymakers. Reducing the risk...

People's Republic of China
			: Staff Report for the 2012 Article IV Consultation

People's Republic of China : Staff Report for the 2012 Article IV Consultation »

Volume/Issue: 2012/195

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 July 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475505467.002

ISBN: 9781475505467

Keywords: current account, current account surplus, external debt, current account balance, public sector debt

China's economy has been moderate in 2012, with a GDP growth of about 8 percent. Macroeconomic policies helped to maintain sustainable growth and continued to be adjusted in line with evolving conditions. The 2012...

Côte d'Ivoire
			: Enhanced Heavily Indebted Poor Countries Initiative:  Completion Point Document and Multilateral Debt Relief Initiative; Press Release

Côte d'Ivoire : Enhanced Heavily Indebted Poor Countries Initiative: Completion Point Document and Multilateral Debt Relief Initiative; Press Release »

Volume/Issue: 2012/170

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 July 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475506266.002

ISBN: 9781475506266

Keywords: debt, external debt, debt relief, creditors, debt service

In April 2009, the Boards of Executive Directors of the International Development Association (IDA) and the International Monetary Fund (IMF) agreed that Côte d'Ivoire had met the requirements for reaching the deci...

BRICs' Philosophies for Development Financing and their Implications for LICs

BRICs' Philosophies for Development Financing and their Implications for LICs »

Volume/Issue: 2012/74

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Yongzheng Yang , and Nkunde Mwase

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475502268.001

ISBN: 9781475502268

Keywords: BRICs, Russia, Institutions, LICs, development financing, debt sustainability, debt relief, public investment, commodity prices, History Of Thought: - Individuals

Flows of development financing from the BRICs (Brazil, Russia, India, and China) to low income countries (LICs) have surged in recent years. Unlike aid from traditional donors, BRICs (excluding Russia) view their f...

Shifting Motives
			: Explaining the Buildup in official Reserves in Emerging Markets Since the 1980's

Shifting Motives : Explaining the Buildup in official Reserves in Emerging Markets Since the 1980's »

Volume/Issue: 2012/34

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Atish Ghosh , Jonathan Ostry , and Charalambos Tsangarides

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781463933197.001

ISBN: 9781463933197

Keywords: Quantile Regression, exchange rate, reserve holdings, short-term debt, exchange rate regime, Economic Growth of Open Economies,

Why have emerging market economies (EMEs) been stockpiling international reserves? We find that motives have varied over time?vulnerability to current account shocks was relatively important in the 1980s but, as EM...