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Does Import Competition Induce R&D Reallocation? Evidence from the U.S.

Does Import Competition Induce R&D Reallocation? Evidence from the U.S. »

Volume/Issue: 2017/253

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rui Xu , and Kaiji Gong

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 November 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484326008.001

ISBN: 9781484326008

Keywords: Western Hemisphere, Asia and Pacific, United States, Chinese Import Competition, R&D Expenditures, Reallocation, R&D Expenditures, Country and Industry Studies of Trade, Trade and Labor Market Interactions

We analyze the impact of rising import competition from China on U.S. innovative activities. Using Compustat data, we find that import competition induces R&D expenditures to be reallocated towards more productive...

A Tale of Transition
			: An Empirical Analysis of Economic Inequality in Urban China, 1986-2009

A Tale of Transition : An Empirical Analysis of Economic Inequality in Urban China, 1986-2009 »

Volume/Issue: 2016/239

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Haiyan Ding , and Hui He

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 December 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475560008.001

ISBN: 9781475560008

Keywords: Time series, China, People's Republic of, Consumption distribution, Transition economies, Income distribution, China, Asia and Pacific, Household expenditures, Household survey data, Income inequality

This paper is the first comprehensive empirical study of earnings, income, and consumption inequality in urban China from 1986 to 2009, using unique micro-level data from the Urban Household Survey (UHS). The paper...

Consumption Based Estimates of Urban Chinese Growth

Consumption Based Estimates of Urban Chinese Growth »

Volume/Issue: 2013/265

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Marcos Chamon , and Irineu de Carvalho Filho

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 December 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484329672.001

ISBN: 9781484329672

Keywords: Income growth, CPI Bias, consumption expenditures, labor income, household expenditure, household characteristics, Consumer Economics: Empirical Analysis, General, Measurement and Analysis of Poverty,

This paper estimates the household income growth rates implied by food demand in a sample of urban Chinese households in 1993-2005. Our estimates, based on Engel curves for food consumption, indicate an average per...

Local Government Financing Platforms in China: A Fortune or Misfortune?

Local Government Financing Platforms in China: A Fortune or Misfortune? »

Volume/Issue: 2013/243

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Yinqiu Lu , and Tao Sun

Publisher: Bank of Communications/New Finance

Publication Date: 16 December 2013

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484335895.001

ISBN: 9781484335895

Keywords: Governance, China, Government expenditures, Revenues, Bond issues, Banks, local governments, local government borrowing, local government debt, local government revenue

China's rapid credit expansion in 2009-10 brought local government financing platforms (LGFPs) into the spotlight. This paper discusses their function, reasons behind their recent expansion, and risks they are posi...

Fiscal Policy and the Real Exchange Rate

Fiscal Policy and the Real Exchange Rate »

Volume/Issue: 2012/52

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Santanu Chatterjee , and Azer Mursagulov

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781463937133.001

ISBN: 9781463937133

Keywords: real exchange rate, intersectoral adjustment costs, exchange rate, government spending, government spending shocks, Macroeconomic Aspects Of International Trade And Finance, National Government Expenditures And Related Policies,

Government spending on infrastructure has recently increased sharply in many emerging-market economies. This paper examines the mechanism through which public infrastructure spending affects the dynamics of the rea...

Regional Economic Outlook, October 2010, Asia and Pacific
			: Consolidating the Recovery and  Building Sustainable Growth

Regional Economic Outlook, October 2010, Asia and Pacific : Consolidating the Recovery and Building Sustainable Growth »

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 October 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589069503.086

ISBN: 9781589069503

Keywords: inflation, capital inflows, domestic demand, monetary policy, expenditure

One year after the deepest recession in recent history, Asia is leading the global recovery. The Regional Economic Outlook: Asia and Pacific discusses the near-term outlook for the region, as well as the medium-ter...

Public Expenditures on Social Programs and Household Consumption in China

Public Expenditures on Social Programs and Household Consumption in China »

Volume/Issue: 2010/69

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Emanuele Baldacci , Ding Ding , David Coady , Giovanni Callegari , Pietro Tommasino , Jaejoon Woo , and Manmohan Kumar

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451982138.001

ISBN: 9781451982138

Keywords: China, household savings, social expenditure, generational accounting, expenditures, household consumption, expenditure, social expenditures, consumption impact

This paper shows that increasing government social expenditures can make a substantive contribution to increasing household consumption in China. The paper first undertakes an empirical study of the relationship be...

Why are Saving Rates of Urban Households in China Rising?

Why are Saving Rates of Urban Households in China Rising? »

Volume/Issue: 2008/145

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Marcos Chamon , and Eswar Prasad

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451870039.001

ISBN: 9781451870039

Keywords: household savings, age and cohort profiles of savings, borrowing constraints, precautionary savings financial development, demographics, expenditures, income growth, consumption growth, health expenditures, disposable income,

From 1995 to 2005, the average urban household saving rate in China rose by 7 percentage points, to 1/4 of disposable income. We use household-level data to explain the postponing of consumption despite rapid incom...

International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2007
			: Making the Global Economy Work for All

International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2007 : Making the Global Economy Work for All »

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 October 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589066632.011

ISBN: 9781589066632

Keywords: balance of payments, debt relief, financial sector, expenditures, exchange rate

The Annual Report 2007 to the Board of Governors reviews the IMF's activities and policies during the financial year (May 1, 2006, through April 30, 2007). This year's Report has been streamlined and translated int...

Finance & Development, September 2007

Finance & Development, September 2007 »

Volume/Issue: 44/3

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 September 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451953862.022

ISBN: 9781451953862

Keywords: urbanization, urban poverty, press, slums, Asia Regional Trade, Banks And Banking. Investments, Capital Investments, Capital Market, Consumer Expenditure, Consumption (economics)

The September 2007 issue of F&D looks at the growth of cities and the trend toward urbanization. Within the next year, for the first time in history, more than 50 percent of the world's population will be living in...