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  • Keywords: expenditure x
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Public Expenditures on Social Programs and Household Consumption in China

Public Expenditures on Social Programs and Household Consumption in China »

Volume/Issue: 2010/69

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Emanuele Baldacci , Ding Ding , David Coady , Giovanni Callegari , Pietro Tommasino , Jaejoon Woo , and Manmohan Kumar

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451982138.001

ISBN: 9781451982138

Keywords: China, household savings, social expenditure, generational accounting, expenditures, household consumption, expenditure, social expenditures, consumption impact

This paper shows that increasing government social expenditures can make a substantive contribution to increasing household consumption in China. The paper first undertakes an empirical study of the relationship be...

The Cyclicality of Fiscal Policy in the Middle East and Central Asia
			: Is the Current Crisis Different?

The Cyclicality of Fiscal Policy in the Middle East and Central Asia : Is the Current Crisis Different? »

Volume/Issue: 2010/68

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451982121.001

ISBN: 9781451982121

Keywords: government spending, public debt, fiscal policy response, General Outlook and Conditions, Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents: General, National Government Expenditures and Related Policies: General, National Budget, Deficit, and Debt: General,

The countries of the Middle East and North Africa, and the Caucasus and Central Asia have the highest output volatility in the world. Fiscal policy is a powerful tool that can help dampen the business cycles. This...

Why are Saving Rates of Urban Households in China Rising?

Why are Saving Rates of Urban Households in China Rising? »

Volume/Issue: 2008/145

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Marcos Chamon , and Eswar Prasad

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451870039.001

ISBN: 9781451870039

Keywords: household savings, age and cohort profiles of savings, borrowing constraints, precautionary savings financial development, demographics, expenditures, income growth, consumption growth, health expenditures, disposable income,

From 1995 to 2005, the average urban household saving rate in China rose by 7 percentage points, to 1/4 of disposable income. We use household-level data to explain the postponing of consumption despite rapid incom...

Issues in Intergovernmental Fiscal Relations in China

Issues in Intergovernmental Fiscal Relations in China »

Volume/Issue: 2005/30

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Era Dabla-Norris

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451860498.001

ISBN: 9781451860498

Keywords: expenditure, expenditures, expenditure assignments, fiscal relations, intergovernmental fiscal, Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue: General,

The paper reviews the changing nature of intergovernmental fiscal relations between the provinces and the central government in China over the past two decades and provides an assessment of the success of previous...

Toward More Effective Redistribution
			: Reform Options for Intergovernmental Transfers in China

Toward More Effective Redistribution : Reform Options for Intergovernmental Transfers in China »

Volume/Issue: 2004/98

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2004

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451852172.001

ISBN: 9781451852172

Keywords: Intergovernmental Fiscal Relations, expenditure, expenditure needs, expenditures, total expenditure, tax effort

Full implementation of an intergovernmental transfer system based on revenue capacities and expenditure needs could significantly improve both redistribution and equity objectives of the Chinese authorities. This w...

On National or Supranational Objectives
			: Improving the Effectiveness of Targeted Expenditure Programs

On National or Supranational Objectives : Improving the Effectiveness of Targeted Expenditure Programs »

Volume/Issue: 2002/209

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ping Zhang , Eivind Tandberg , and Ehtisham Ahmad

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2002

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451874761.001

ISBN: 9781451874761

Keywords: incentive schemes, intergovernmental finance, provincial government, local governments, local government, decentralization, fiscal decentralization, National Government Expenditures And Related Policies,

Central governments or the international community at large are concerned about subnational service delivery. The design of targeted expenditure programs features frequently in central efforts to redistribute infra...

Military Expenditures 1972-1990
			: The Reasons Behind the Post-1985 Fall in World Military Spending

Military Expenditures 1972-1990 : The Reasons Behind the Post-1985 Fall in World Military Spending »

Volume/Issue: 1993/18

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Daniel Hewitt

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1993

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451843590.001

ISBN: 9781451843590

Keywords: military, military expenditures, expenditures, military spending, military expenditure

World military expenditures have fallen by over 20 percent in proportion to GDP from 1985 to 1990. This study examines the determinants of military expenditures in 125 countries during 1972-90 to ascertain what fac...

Military Expenditure
			: Econometric Testing of Economic and Political Influences

Military Expenditure : Econometric Testing of Economic and Political Influences »

Volume/Issue: 1991/53

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Daniel Hewitt

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1991

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451847291.001

ISBN: 9781451847291

Keywords: military, military expenditures, expenditures, expenditure, military expenditure

Econometric results from an analysis of the determinants of military expenditure in 125 countries during 1972-88 are presented. The dependent variable is the ratio of military expenditure to GDP; included among the...

Military Expenditure
			: International Comparison of Trends

Military Expenditure : International Comparison of Trends »

Volume/Issue: 1991/54

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Daniel Hewitt

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1991

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451847420.001

ISBN: 9781451847420

Keywords: military, military expenditures, expenditures, expenditure, military expenditure

This paper analyzes trends in world military expenditure by examining the shares of different country groups and the ratio to GDP of individual nations. The coverage is military expenditures in 125 countries from 1...

The Evolving Role of Fiscal Policy in Centrally Planned Economies Under Reform
			: The Case of China

The Evolving Role of Fiscal Policy in Centrally Planned Economies Under Reform : The Case of China »

Volume/Issue: 1989/26

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 March 1989

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451981698.001

ISBN: 9781451981698

Keywords: fiscal policy, expenditure, taxation, government expenditure, government revenue

Market-oriented economic reforms in centrally planned economies have altered the functions and objectives of key policy instruments, particularly in the case of fiscal policy. As a result of reform, economic manage...