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People's Republic of China
			: Staff Report for the 2012 Article IV Consultation

People's Republic of China : Staff Report for the 2012 Article IV Consultation »

Volume/Issue: 2012/195

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 July 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475505467.002

ISBN: 9781475505467

Keywords: current account, current account surplus, external debt, current account balance, public sector debt

China's economy has been moderate in 2012, with a GDP growth of about 8 percent. Macroeconomic policies helped to maintain sustainable growth and continued to be adjusted in line with evolving conditions. The 2012...

Spatial Spillovers in Emerging Market Spreads

Spatial Spillovers in Emerging Market Spreads »

Volume/Issue: 2011/221

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Salvatore Dell'Erba , Emanuele Baldacci , and Tigran Poghosyan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781463904234.001

ISBN: 9781463904234

Keywords: sovereign spreads, emerging market, spatial econometrics, external debt, bond, currency crises, sovereign bond, total external debt, International Finance: General,

We use novel spatial econometrics techniques to explore spillovers in the sovereign bond market for 24 emerging economies during 1995-2010. The paper extends the previous literature focusing on spillover effects fr...

Insurance Value of International Reserves
			: An Option Pricing Approach

Insurance Value of International Reserves : An Option Pricing Approach »

Volume/Issue: 2004/175

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jaewoo Lee

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2004

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451858785.001

ISBN: 9781451858785

Keywords: option, underlying asset, international reserves, reserve holding, external debt, currency crises, reserve holdings, Open Economy Macroeconomics,

A quantitative framework is developed to bring forward the insurance motive of holding international reserves. The insurance value of reserves is quantified as the market price of an equivalent option that provides...