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An Analysis of So-Called Export-led Growth

An Analysis of So-Called Export-led Growth »

Source: An Analysis of So-Called Export-led Growth

Volume/Issue: 2008/220

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jie Yang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2008

ISBN: 9781451870787

Keywords: Export-led growth, real exchange rate, productivity improvement, export growth, exchange rate, exportable sector, export sector,

The stylized fact that strong economic growth is usually accompanied with strong export growth leads many people to conclude that the export sector is the main driving force behind those episodes. The model in this...

Are Business Cycles Different in Asia and Latin America?

Are Business Cycles Different in Asia and Latin America? »

Source: Are Business Cycles Different in Asia and Latin America?

Volume/Issue: 1997/9

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alexander Hoffmaister , and Jorge Roldos

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1997

ISBN: 9781451927313

Keywords: exchange rate, real exchange rate, terms of trade, exchange rate fluctuations, nominal exchange rate

This paper compares business cycles in Asia and in Latin America using structural vector autoregression analysis with panel data. The evidence for countries in these regions suggests that (i) the main source of out...

Balance of Payments Anti-Crises

Balance of Payments Anti-Crises »

Source: Balance of Payments Anti-Crises

Volume/Issue: 2009/134

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Isabel Yan , and Michael Kumhof

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2009

ISBN: 9781451872811

Keywords: Balance of payments anti-crises, inflation dynamics, foreign exchange, exchange rate, inflation targeting,

Several emerging economies have, until recently, experienced large government surpluses and accelerating foreign exchange reserve accumulation. This has been accompanied by economic booms, exchange rate appreciatio...

Bank Asset Quality in Emerging Markets

Bank Asset Quality in Emerging Markets »

Source: Bank Asset Quality in Emerging Markets : Determinants and Spillovers

Volume/Issue: 2012/71

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Reinout De Bock , and Alexander Demyanets

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2012

ISBN: 9781475502237

Keywords: Macro-financial linkages, Nonperforming loans, Exchange rate, Panel regressions, capital inflows, net capital flows, exchange rates, Bank Asset Quality in Emerging Markets, Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy, International Finance: General

This paper assesses the vulnerability of emerging markets and their banks to aggregate shocks. We find significant links between banks' asset quality, credit and macroeconomic aggregates. Lower economic growth, an...

Bivariate Assessments of Real Exchange Rates Using PPP Data

Bivariate Assessments of Real Exchange Rates Using PPP Data »

Source: Bivariate Assessments of Real Exchange Rates Using PPP Data

Volume/Issue: 2008/153

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Juan Zalduendo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2008

ISBN: 9781451870114

Keywords: Real exchange rate, exchange rate, real exchange rates

This paper focuses on assessments of real exchange rates using PPP data and examines their limitations when these are based exclusively on bivariate estimations. It begins by presenting an analytical framework of t...

Broad Money Demand and Asset Substitution in China

Broad Money Demand and Asset Substitution in China »

Source: Broad Money Demand and Asset Substitution in China

Volume/Issue: 2009/131

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ge Wu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2009

ISBN: 9781451872781

Keywords: asset substitution, exchange rate, interest rate, equation, statistics, cointegration, inflation,

Recent changes to China's financial system, in particular ongoing interest rate liberalization, gradual movement toward a more flexible exchange rate regime, and rapid development of capital markets, have changed s...

Can Higher Reserves Help Reduce Exchange Rate Volatility?

Can Higher Reserves Help Reduce Exchange Rate Volatility? »

Source: Can Higher Reserves Help Reduce Exchange Rate Volatility?

Volume/Issue: 2004/189

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): M. Nowak , Ketil Hviding , and Luca Ricci

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2004

ISBN: 9781451859645

Keywords: Foreign exchange volatility, reserve adequacy, exchange rate, exchange rate volatility, effective exchange rate, exchange rate regime, real effective exchange rate, International Finance: General,

This paper studies the role of an increase in foreign exchange reserves in reducing currency volatility for emerging market countries. The study employs a panel of 28 countries over the period 1986-2002. Several co...

China

China »

Source: China : Sources of Real Exchange Rate Fluctuations

Volume/Issue: 2004/18

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Tao Wang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2004

ISBN: 9781451843675

Keywords: real exchange rate, structural VAR, exchange rate, effective exchange rate, real effective exchange rate, exchange rate fluctuations, Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models: Time-Series Models, Open Economy Macroeconomics, Economywide Country Studies: Asia including Middle East,

This paper reviews the evolution of China's real effective exchange rate between 1980 and 2002, and uses a structural vector autoregression model to study the relative importance of different types of macroeconomic...

China's Changing Trade Elasticities

China's Changing Trade Elasticities »

Source: China's Changing Trade Elasticities

Volume/Issue: 2007/266

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jahangir Aziz , and Xiangming Li

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2007

ISBN: 9781451868296

Keywords: elasticity, exchange rate, trade balance, standard error, equation, equations, statistic, probability,

China's sectoral trade composition, product quality mix, and import content of processing exports have all changed substantially during the past decade. This has rendered trade elasticities estimated using aggregat...

China's Evolving Exchange Rate Regime1

China's Evolving Exchange Rate Regime1 »

Source: China's Evolving Exchange Rate Regime

Volume/Issue: 2019/50

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sonali Das

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 March 2019

ISBN: 9781498302029

Keywords: Exchange markets, Real effective exchange rates, Central banks, Exchange rate policy, Nominal effective exchange rate, reminbi, exchange rate, foreign exchange market, liquidity, RMB

China's exchange rate regime has undergone gradual reform since the move away from a fixed exchange rate in 2005. The renminbi has become more flexible over time but is still carefully managed, and depth and liquid...