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Anchoring Growth: The Importance of Productivity-Enhancing Reforms in Emerging Market and Developing Economies

Anchoring Growth: The Importance of Productivity-Enhancing Reforms in Emerging Market and Developing Economies »

Source: Anchoring Growth : The Importance of Productivity-Enhancing Reforms in Emerging Market and Developing Economies

Volume/Issue: 2013/8

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Era Dabla-Norris , Giang Ho , Kalpana Kochhar , Annette Kyobe , and Robert Tchaidze

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 September 2013

ISBN: 9781616357290

Keywords: Emerging markets, Developing countries, Economic growth, Agricultural sector, Fiscal reforms, Manufacturing sector, Labor markets, Labor productivity, Services sector, Total factor productivity

Fostering and sustaining robust economic growth is an imperative across advanced, emerging, and low-income countries alike. Countries will need to focus on supply-side reforms to raise their potential output and an...

Can Policies Affect Employment Intensity of Growth? A Cross-Country Analysis•

Can Policies Affect Employment Intensity of Growth? A Cross-Country Analysis• »

Source: Can Policies Affect Employment Intensity of Growth? A Cross-Country Analysis

Volume/Issue: 2012/218

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Davide Furceri , Ernesto Crivelli , and Joël Toujas-Bernate

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2012

ISBN: 9781475505689

Keywords: employment elasticities, structural policies, reforms, labor market, labor market policies, Macroeconomics: Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment and Investment: Other, Mobility

The aim of this paper is to provide new estimates of employment-output elasticities and assess the effect of structural and macroeocnomic policies on the employment-intensity of growth. Using an unbalanced panel of...

China’s Labor Market in the “New Normal”1

China’s Labor Market in the “New Normal”1 »

Source: China's Labor Market in the 'New Normal'

Volume/Issue: 2015/151

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Waikei Lam , Xiaoguang Liu , and Alfred Schipke

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 July 2015

ISBN: 9781513570693

Keywords: Mobility, labor market, labor, employment, General, General, General, General, General, General,

As China implements reforms under the 'new normal,' maintaining stability in the labor market is a priority. The country's demography and labor dynamics are changing, after benefitting in past decades from ample ch...

China's Labor Market Performance and Challenges

China's Labor Market Performance and Challenges »

Source: China's Labor Market Performance and Challenges

Volume/Issue: 2003/210

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Tao Ran , and Ray Brooks

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2003

ISBN: 9781451874815

Keywords: labor force, labor market, jobs, Demand and Supply of Labor: General, Unemployment: Models, Duration, Incidence, and Job Search

A more market-oriented labor market has emerged in China in the past twenty years with growing importance of the urban private sector, as state-owned enterprises have downsized. Despite the progress on reforms, a s...

Chronicle of a Decline Foretold

Chronicle of a Decline Foretold »

Source: Chronicle of a Decline Foretold : Has China Reached the Lewis Turning Point?

Volume/Issue: 2013/26

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mitali Das , and Papa N'Diaye

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 January 2013

ISBN: 9781475548242

Keywords: Excess labor supply, Lewis Turning Point, Population aging, Demographics, labor supply, labor force, labor market, labor demand, unemployment, General

China is on the eve of a demographic shift that will have profound consequences on its economic and social landscape. Within a few years the working age population will reach a historical peak, and then begin a pre...

Crises, Labor Market Policy, and Unemployment*

Crises, Labor Market Policy, and Unemployment* »

Source: Crises, Labor Market Policy, and Unemployment

Volume/Issue: 2012/65

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Davide Furceri , Lorenzo E. Bernal-Verdugo , and Dominique Guillaume

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2012

ISBN: 9781463938420

Keywords: Labor market, flexibility, reforms, labor market institutions, labor market flexibility, labor market policies, Macroeconomics: Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment and Investment: Other

Using a sample of 97 countries spanning the period 1980?2008, we estimate that financial crises have a large negative impact on unemployment in the short term, but that this effect rapidly disappears in the medium...

The Distributive Effects of Land Titleon Labor Supply

The Distributive Effects of Land Titleon Labor Supply »

Source: The Distributive Effects of Land Titleon Labor Supply : Evidence From Brazil

Volume/Issue: 2011/131

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mauricio Moura , Caio Piza , and Marcos Poplawski-Ribeiro

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2011

ISBN: 9781455259366

Keywords: land-titling, quantile regression, propensity score, land title, property rights, child labor, labor market, urban poor, Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity: General, Time Allocation and Labor Supply

This paper studies the effects of property-titling on labor supply. The role of legal ownership security is isolated by comparing the effect that being part of, or excluded from, a land title program in a unique qu...

Does Import Competition Induce R&D Reallocation? Evidence from the U.S.1

Does Import Competition Induce R&D Reallocation? Evidence from the U.S.1 »

Source: Does Import Competition Induce R&D Reallocation? Evidence from the U.S.

Volume/Issue: 2017/253

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rui Xu , and Kaiji Gong

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 November 2017

ISBN: 9781484326008

Keywords: Western Hemisphere, Asia and Pacific, United States, Chinese Import Competition, R&D Expenditures, Reallocation, R&D Expenditures, Country and Industry Studies of Trade, Trade and Labor Market Interactions

We analyze the impact of rising import competition from China on U.S. innovative activities. Using Compustat data, we find that import competition induces R&D expenditures to be reallocated towards more productive...

Does the Gap Model Work in Asia?

Does the Gap Model Work in Asia? »

Source: IMF Staff papers : Volume 44 No. 1

Volume: 44

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1997

ISBN: 9781451957112

Keywords: labor market, unemployment rate, labor market policies, unemployment benefits, unemployed

This paper argues that an important group of labor market policies are complementary in the sense that the effect of each policy is greater when implemented in conjunction with the other policies than in isolation....

The Elusive Quest for Inclusive Growth

The Elusive Quest for Inclusive Growth »

Source: The Elusive Quest for Inclusive Growth : Growth, Poverty, and Inequality in Asia

Volume/Issue: 2013/152

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ravi Balakrishnan , Chad Steinberg , and Murtaza Syed

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 June 2013

ISBN: 9781475531169

Keywords: Inequality, Labor Market, pro-poor, gini, income distribution, Personal Income and Wealth Distribution, Government Policy and Regulation, General, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development,

This paper assesses how pro-poor and inclusive Asia’s recent growth has been, and what factors have been driving these outcomes. It finds that while poverty has fallen across the region over the last two dec...