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Inflation and Income Inequality
			: Is Food Inflation Different?

Inflation and Income Inequality : Is Food Inflation Different? »

Volume/Issue: 2012/147

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): James Walsh , and Jiangyan Yu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475504163.001

ISBN: 9781475504163

Keywords: core inflation, monetary fund, central bank, monetary policy, high inflation, Personal Income, Wealth, and Their Distributions, Urban, Rural

There is an extensive literature noting that high inflation can add to income inequality, and a parallel literature assessing the effect of rising food prices on the poor. This paper attempts to combine these stran...

Exchange Rate Volatility Under Peg
			: Do Trade Patterns Matter?

Exchange Rate Volatility Under Peg : Do Trade Patterns Matter? »

Volume/Issue: 2012/73

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Constant Lonkeng Ngouana

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475502251.001

ISBN: 9781475502251

Keywords: Basket peg, hard peg, exchange rate volatility, WAEMU, exchange rate, effective exchange rate, trading partners, nominal effective exchange rate, International Monetary Arrangements and Institutions,

This paper assesses the role of trade patterns in shaping the volatility of the effective exchange rate under two alternative peg regimes: a hard peg to a single currency and a peg to a basket of currencies. I link...

Fiscal Policy and the Real Exchange Rate

Fiscal Policy and the Real Exchange Rate »

Volume/Issue: 2012/52

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Santanu Chatterjee , and Azer Mursagulov

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781463937133.001

ISBN: 9781463937133

Keywords: real exchange rate, intersectoral adjustment costs, exchange rate, government spending, government spending shocks, Macroeconomic Aspects Of International Trade And Finance, National Government Expenditures And Related Policies,

Government spending on infrastructure has recently increased sharply in many emerging-market economies. This paper examines the mechanism through which public infrastructure spending affects the dynamics of the rea...

India's Growth Spillovers to South Asia

India's Growth Spillovers to South Asia »

Volume/Issue: 2012/56

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Iyabo Masha , and Ding Ding

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781463937744.001

ISBN: 9781463937744

Keywords: growth linkages, world exports, share of world exports, exports of goods, trading partners, neighboring countries, International Policy Coordination and Transmission, Economic Growth of Open Economies, And South Asia,

This study investigates the role of India's economy in explaining the observed growth in South Asia, taking into consideration other sources of growth endogenous to the countries in the region. Since a review of ke...

Spillovers to Low-Income Countries
			: Importance of Systemic Emerging Markets

Spillovers to Low-Income Countries : Importance of Systemic Emerging Markets »

Volume/Issue: 2012/49

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Era Dabla-Norris , Raphael Espinoza , and Sarwat Jahan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781463937102.001

ISBN: 9781463937102

Keywords: Growth Spillovers, Low-Income Countries, Decoupling, Panel Estimate, real gdp, gdp growth, commodity prices, commodity exporters, Economic Growth of Open Economies,

This paper documents the expanding economic linkages between low-income countries (LICs) and a narrow group of "Emerging Market leaders" that have become major players in regional and global trade and financial flo...

Structural Transformation and the sophistication of Production

Structural Transformation and the sophistication of Production »

Volume/Issue: 2012/59

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Nicola Spatafora , Rahul Anand , and Saurabh Mishra

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781463937775.001

ISBN: 9781463937775

Keywords: Structural Transformation, Sophistication of Production, manufactured exports, exports of goods, export basket, export baskets, Economic Growth of Open Economies,

A new dataset on export sophistication reveals that in many countries the importance of modern services, and the sophistication of manufactured and service exports, has increased over time. However, this trend was...

Measuring Oil-Price Shocks Using Market-Based Information

Measuring Oil-Price Shocks Using Market-Based Information »

Volume/Issue: 2012/19

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Tao Wu , and Michele Cavallo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781463931810.001

ISBN: 9781463931810

Keywords: Oil Shocks, Market-Based Information, VAR Identification, oil market, opec, equation, oil demand, Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models: Time-Series Models, Methodology for Collecting, Estimating

We study the effects of oil-price shocks on the U.S. economy combining narrative and quantitative approaches. After examining daily oil-related events since 1984, we classify them into various event types. We then...

Determinants of Development Financing Flows From Brazil, Russia, India, and China to Low-Income Countries

Determinants of Development Financing Flows From Brazil, Russia, India, and China to Low-Income Countries »

Volume/Issue: 2011/255

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Nkunde Mwase

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781463923914.001

ISBN: 9781463923914

Keywords: BRICs, Low-Income Countries, Panel VAR, Panel OLS, Concessionality, loan financing, bank debt, equation, dummy variable, error variance

BRICs development financing flows have increased significantly and are expected to become more prominent in the post-crisis era. We investigate the potential implications on the country-allocation of loan commitmen...

Global Economic Governance
			: IMF Quota Reform

Global Economic Governance : IMF Quota Reform »

Volume/Issue: 2011/208

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Arvind Virmani

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781463902186.001

ISBN: 9781463902186

Keywords: Quota Reform, Economic Sovreignity, Voice, International Monetary Fund (IMF), world economy, world growth, purchasing power parity, external trade, International Monetary Arrangements and Institutions

The paper examines the principles on which a reform of a Quota based global economic institution like the IMF must be based, taking account of both the relative economic power of countries and the need for voice an...

Unforeseen Events Wait Lurking
			: Estimating Policy Spillovers From U.S. to Foreign Asset Prices

Unforeseen Events Wait Lurking : Estimating Policy Spillovers From U.S. to Foreign Asset Prices »

Volume/Issue: 2011/183

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Tamim Bayoumi , and Trung Bui

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781462309290.001

ISBN: 9781462309290

Keywords: Event studies, policy announcements, interntational asset price transmission, bond yields, bond, foreign bond, equity prices, commodity prices, International Policy Coordination and Transmission, Corporate Finance and Governance: Government Policy and Regulation,

Event studies are used to analyze the impact of U.S. financial, fiscal, and monetary policies from US to foreign asset prices across a range of G20 countries and Switzerland. The initial announcement that the Admin...