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Appendix I Summary of Structural Reforms

Appendix I Summary of Structural Reforms »

Source: Economic Reform in China : A New Phase

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): David Burton , Wanda Tseng , Kalpana Kochhar , Hoe Khor , and Dubravko Mihaljek

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1994

ISBN: 9781557754219

Keywords: foreign exchange, inflation, monetary policy, banking, tax administration

Status up to 1993 Planned Reform Measures Implement...

Appendix II Money, Activity, and Prices in China: An Analysis of Causality

Appendix II Money, Activity, and Prices in China: An Analysis of Causality »

Source: Economic Reform in China : A New Phase

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): David Burton , Wanda Tseng , Kalpana Kochhar , Hoe Khor , and Dubravko Mihaljek

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1994

ISBN: 9781557754219

Keywords: foreign exchange, inflation, monetary policy, banking, tax administration

The principal purpose of this analysis is to study the joint movements of prices, activity, and monetary and credit variables in China over the past decade. The aim is twofold. Firs...

Appendix III Import Demand in China

Appendix III Import Demand in China »

Source: Economic Reform in China : A New Phase

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): David Burton , Wanda Tseng , Kalpana Kochhar , Hoe Khor , and Dubravko Mihaljek

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1994

ISBN: 9781557754219

Keywords: foreign exchange, inflation, monetary policy, banking, tax administration

Since the inception of the process of opening up to the outside world in the late 1970s, the rote of external trade in China’s economy has grown dramatically. 106...

Appendix IV The Demand for Money in China

Appendix IV The Demand for Money in China »

Source: Economic Reform in China : A New Phase

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): David Burton , Wanda Tseng , Kalpana Kochhar , Hoe Khor , and Dubravko Mihaljek

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1994

ISBN: 9781557754219

Keywords: foreign exchange, inflation, monetary policy, banking, tax administration

The Chinese authorities’ decision to accelerate reforms of the banking system and the financial sector, with a view to moving to a system of monetary control through indirect, marke...

Appendix 2: Measures Used to Characterize Global Supply Chains

Appendix 2: Measures Used to Characterize Global Supply Chains »

Source: Changing Patterns of Global Trade

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Nagwa Riad , Luca Errico , Christian Henn , Christian Saborowski , Mika Saito , and Jarkko Turunen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 January 2012

ISBN: 9781616352073

Keywords: Emerging markets, Developed countries, International trade, Trade integration, supply chain, gross exports, trade flows, global trade, technology exports

Various measures can be used to characterize global supply chains. Hummels, Ishii, and Yi (2001) were the first to measure the value of imported contents embodied in a country’s exp...

Appendix 6: Measuring the Impact of Relative Price Changes on the Current Account Balance

Appendix 6: Measuring the Impact of Relative Price Changes on the Current Account Balance »

Source: Changing Patterns of Global Trade

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Nagwa Riad , Luca Errico , Christian Henn , Christian Saborowski , Mika Saito , and Jarkko Turunen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 January 2012

ISBN: 9781616352073

Keywords: Emerging markets, Developed countries, International trade, Trade integration, supply chain, gross exports, trade flows, global trade, technology exports

Changes in a country’s exports obtained in the simulation described in Appendix 2 are fed back into the current account balance relative to GDP in two ways. First a fall in exports...

Appendix 4: New Drivers of Global Trade: Key Stylized Facts

Appendix 4: New Drivers of Global Trade: Key Stylized Facts »

Source: Changing Patterns of Global Trade

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Nagwa Riad , Luca Errico , Christian Henn , Christian Saborowski , Mika Saito , and Jarkko Turunen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 January 2012

ISBN: 9781616352073

Keywords: Emerging markets, Developed countries, International trade, Trade integration, supply chain, gross exports, trade flows, global trade, technology exports

Changes in export composition by trading partner strongly reflect the emergence of EMEs (Figure A4.1). As a consequence, those countries more strongly exposed to EMEs generally expe...

Appendix V Summary of New Tax System

Appendix V Summary of New Tax System »

Source: Economic Reform in China : A New Phase

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): David Burton , Wanda Tseng , Kalpana Kochhar , Hoe Khor , and Dubravko Mihaljek

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1994

ISBN: 9781557754219

Keywords: foreign exchange, inflation, monetary policy, banking, tax administration

Enterprise Income Tax Liability: SOEs, collective enterprises, private enterprises, joint-ownership enterprises, joint-stock enterprises, and any other organizations...

Asia: A Survey of Gender Budgeting Efforts

Asia: A Survey of Gender Budgeting Efforts »

Source: Asia : A Survey of Gender Budgeting Efforts

Volume/Issue: 2016/150

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Lekha Chakraborty

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 July 2016

ISBN: 9781475519914

Keywords: India, Fiscal policy, Cross country analysis, Budgeting, Asia, Asia and Pacific, Australia, Philippines, Korea, Republic of, Gender

This paper reviews gender budgeting efforts in Asia. The countries in the region have achieved mixed success in improving gender equality. Gender budgeting is ideally a fiscal innovation that translates gender-rela...

2. Asia: At Risk of Growing Old before Becoming Rich?

2. Asia: At Risk of Growing Old before Becoming Rich? »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, April 2017, Asia and Pacific : Preparing for Choppy Seas

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): Ranil Salgado

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 May 2017

ISBN: 9781475575064

Introduction and Main Findings In past decades, Asia has benefited significantly from demographic trends, along with strong policies. Many parts of Asia, particularly East Asia, reap...