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IMF Survey, Volume 36 Issue 11

IMF Survey, Volume 36 Issue 11 »

Volume/Issue: 36/11

Series: IMF Survey

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 September 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451938494.023

ISBN: 9781451938494

Keywords: current account deficit, current account, current account surpluses, global growth

IMF plan to cut imbalances; IMF clarifies aid role; world growth update; financial globalization; growth in Africa; low-income countries need fiscal reform; Central America seeks stronger growth; IMF surveillance f...

A Review of PPP-Adjusted GDP Estimation and its Potential Use for the Fund's Operational Purposes

A Review of PPP-Adjusted GDP Estimation and its Potential Use for the Fund's Operational Purposes »

Volume/Issue: 1995/18

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Nancy Wagner

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 1995

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451843613.001

ISBN: 9781451843613

Keywords: purchasing power parity, civil service

International comparison of economic aggregates, expressed in domestic currencies, requires their conversion into a common numeraire currency such as the U.S. dollar or the SDR. Since market (or official) exchange...

Asian Financial Integration
			: Trends and Interruptions

Asian Financial Integration : Trends and Interruptions »

Volume/Issue: 2011/4

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Eduardo Borensztein , and Prakash Loungani

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455211821.001

ISBN: 9781455211821

Keywords: equity premium, gravity model, home bias, risk-sharing, herding, investors, bond, foreign investors, bonds, international investors

The paper compares trends in financial integration within Asia with those in industrialized countries and other regional groups. Declines in cross-country dispersion in equity returns and interest rates suggest inc...

Assessing Systemic Trade Interconnectedness 
			: An Empirical Approach

Assessing Systemic Trade Interconnectedness : An Empirical Approach »

Volume/Issue: 2011/214

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alexander Massara , and Luca Errico

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781463902964.001

ISBN: 9781463902964

Keywords: systemic, DOTS, network analysis, cross-border spillovers, contagion, trade sector, global trade, financial sector, trading partners, Neural Networks and Related Topics

The paper focuses on systemically important jurisdictions in the global trade network, complementing recent IMF work on systemically important financial sectors. Using the IMF's Direction of Trade Statistics (DOTS)...

Asset Price Bubbles
			: A Selective Survey

Asset Price Bubbles : A Selective Survey »

Volume/Issue: 2013/45

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Anna Scherbina

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 February 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475515299.001

ISBN: 9781475515299

Keywords: Bubbles, Limits to Arbitrage, stock market, discount rate, mortgage, cash flows, financial economics, General,

Why do asset price bubbles continue to appear in various markets? This paper provides an overview of recent literature on bubbles, with significant attention given to behavioral models and rational models with fric...

Automatic Adjustment Mechanisms in Asian Pension Systems?

Automatic Adjustment Mechanisms in Asian Pension Systems? »

Volume/Issue: 2016/242

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Elif Arbatli , Csaba Feher , Jack Ree , Ikuo Saito , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 December 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475560336.001

ISBN: 9781475560336

Keywords: Pensions, Pension reforms, Japan, Korea, Republic of, China, People's Republic of, China, Asia and Pacific, Asia, Retirement, Pension System Reform

Automatic adjustment mechanisms (AAMs)-rules ensuring that certain characteristics of a pension system respond to demographic, macroeconomic and financial developments, in a predetermined fashion and without the ne...

Balance Sheet Strength and Bank Lending During the Global Financial Crisis

Balance Sheet Strength and Bank Lending During the Global Financial Crisis »

Volume/Issue: 2013/102

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Tümer Kapan , and Camelia Minoiu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 May 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484315842.001

ISBN: 9781484315842

Keywords: bank lending channel, wholesale funding, net stable funding ratio, Basel III, bank capital, banking, return on assets, liquid asset, bank balance sheet, Government Policy and Regulation,

We examine the role of bank balance sheet strength in the transmission of financial sector shocks to the real economy. Using data from the syndicated loan market, we exploit variation in banks’ reliance on w...

Bilateral Financial Linkages and Global Imbalances
			: a View on The Eve of the Financial Crisis

Bilateral Financial Linkages and Global Imbalances : a View on The Eve of the Financial Crisis »

Volume/Issue: 2010/257

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Gian Milesi-Ferretti , Natalia Tamirisa , and Francesco Strobbe

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455209576.001

ISBN: 9781455209576

Keywords: International financial integration, claims, fdi, portfolio investment, foreign exchange reserves,

We present a novel and comprehensive dataset of bilateral gross and net external positions in various financial instruments for the main advanced and emerging economies and regions, designed to improve our understa...

Bond Markets As Conduits for Capital Flows
			: How Does Asia Compare?

Bond Markets As Conduits for Capital Flows : How Does Asia Compare? »

Volume/Issue: 2006/238

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Pipat Luengnaruemitchai , and Barry Eichengreen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451864984.001

ISBN: 9781451864984

Keywords: cross-border investment, gravity model, bond, bonds, bond transactions, bond returns, Financial Aspects of Economic Integration,

We use data on the extent to which residents of one country hold the bonds of issuers resident in another as a measure of financial integration or interrelatedness, asking how Asia compares with Europe and Latin Am...

Capital Flows and Demographics-An Asian Perspective

Capital Flows and Demographics-An Asian Perspective »

Volume/Issue: 2008/8

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Erik Lueth

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451868708.001

ISBN: 9781451868708

Keywords: demographics, capital accounts, global capital flows, capital mobility, capital outflows,

This paper calibrates the production functions of 176 countries to fit 2003 data and examines the capital flows that emerge, when labor forces change according to the 2007 UN population projections. It finds that d...