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Are Business Cycles Different in Asia and Latin America?

Are Business Cycles Different in Asia and Latin America? »

Volume/Issue: 1997/9

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alexander Hoffmaister , and Jorge Roldos

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1997

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451927313.001

ISBN: 9781451927313

Keywords: exchange rate, real exchange rate, terms of trade, exchange rate fluctuations, nominal exchange rate

This paper compares business cycles in Asia and in Latin America using structural vector autoregression analysis with panel data. The evidence for countries in these regions suggests that (i) the main source of out...

International Evidence on Recovery from Recessions

International Evidence on Recovery from Recessions »

Volume/Issue: 2009/183

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Valerie Cerra , Sweta Saxena , and Ugo Panizza

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451873306.001

ISBN: 9781451873306

Keywords: Growth, Recession, Rebound, Output loss, exchange rate, recessions, exchange rate regime,

Although negative shocks have persistent effects on output on average, this paper shows that macroeconomic policies and the structure of the economy can influence the speed of recovery and mitigate the persistence...

Reserve Adequacy in Emerging Market Economics

Reserve Adequacy in Emerging Market Economics »

Volume/Issue: 2001/143

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2001

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451856347.001

ISBN: 9781451856347

Keywords: Reserves, vulnerability, capital flight, exchange rate, currency board, external debt, exchange rates, foreign exchange

This paper analyzes reserve adequacy in emerging market countries. It argues that the old rule of thumb of maintaining reserves equivalent to three months of imports has become obsolete and that, instead, a new ben...

Shifting Motives
			: Explaining the Buildup in official Reserves in Emerging Markets Since the 1980's

Shifting Motives : Explaining the Buildup in official Reserves in Emerging Markets Since the 1980's »

Volume/Issue: 2012/34

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Atish Ghosh , Jonathan Ostry , and Charalambos Tsangarides

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781463933197.001

ISBN: 9781463933197

Keywords: Quantile Regression, exchange rate, reserve holdings, short-term debt, exchange rate regime, Economic Growth of Open Economies,

Why have emerging market economies (EMEs) been stockpiling international reserves? We find that motives have varied over time?vulnerability to current account shocks was relatively important in the 1980s but, as EM...

International Evidence on Recovery from Recessions

International Evidence on Recovery from Recessions »

Source: International Evidence on Recovery from Recessions

Volume/Issue: 2009/183

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Valerie Cerra , Sweta Saxena , and Ugo Panizza

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2009

ISBN: 9781451873306

Keywords: Growth, Recession, Rebound, Output loss, exchange rate, recessions, exchange rate regime,

Although negative shocks have persistent effects on output on average, this paper shows that macroeconomic policies and the structure of the economy can influence the speed of recovery and mitigate the persistence...

International Monetary Fund Handbook
			: Its Functions, Policies, and Operations

International Monetary Fund Handbook : Its Functions, Policies, and Operations »

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): Parmeshwar Ramlogan , and Bernhard Fritz-Krockow

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 April 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589066250.069

ISBN: 9781589066250

Keywords: balance of payments, debt relief, standards, credit tranche, hipc initiative

This paper describes the functions, policies, and operations of the IMF. The IMF is an independent international organization, and is a cooperative of 185 member countries, whose objective is to promote world econo...

Back Matter

Back Matter »

Source: International Monetary Fund Handbook : Its Functions, Policies, and Operations

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): Parmeshwar Ramlogan , and Bernhard Fritz-Krockow

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 April 2007

ISBN: 9781589066250

Keywords: balance of payments, debt relief, standards, credit tranche, hipc initiative

This paper describes the functions, policies, and operations of the IMF. The IMF is an independent international organization, and is a cooperative of 185 member countries, whose objective is to promote world econo...

Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: International Monetary Fund Handbook : Its Functions, Policies, and Operations

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): Parmeshwar Ramlogan , and Bernhard Fritz-Krockow

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 April 2007

ISBN: 9781589066250

Keywords: balance of payments, debt relief, standards, credit tranche, hipc initiative

This paper describes the functions, policies, and operations of the IMF. The IMF is an independent international organization, and is a cooperative of 185 member countries, whose objective is to promote world econo...

Introduction

Introduction »

Source: Dollars, Debt, and Deficits : Sixty Years After Bretton Woods

Series: Seminar Volumes

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2005

ISBN: 9781589064539

Keywords: Deficit financing, Budget deficits, exchange rate, public debt, foreign assets, current account, foreign liabilities

In their opening remarks given to the Conference, Rodrigo Rato, Pedro Solbes and Jaime Caruana reviewed the history and future challenges of the IMF sixty years after its creation. They emphasize the role of...

Keynote Speeches

Keynote Speeches »

Source: Dollars, Debt, and Deficits : Sixty Years After Bretton Woods

Series: Seminar Volumes

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2005

ISBN: 9781589064539

Keywords: Deficit financing, Budget deficits, exchange rate, public debt, foreign assets, current account, foreign liabilities

Improving the Policy Response to Financial Crisis Remarks by Agustín Carstens, Deputy Managing Director, International Monetary Fund at the Bank of Spain and IMF International Confer...