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Chapter 2: Developments in the International Monetary System

Chapter 2: Developments in the International Monetary System »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 1981

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1981

ISBN: 9781616351939

Keywords: exchange rate, exchange rates, current account, foreign exchange, balance of payments

The behavior of exchange rates during 1980 and the first half of 1981 reflected the fundamental problems of the international economy during this period. Continued divergences among...

Chapter 1: Developments in the World Economy

Chapter 1: Developments in the World Economy »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 1981

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1981

ISBN: 9781616351939

Keywords: exchange rate, exchange rates, current account, foreign exchange, balance of payments

Introduction The world economic situation during 1980 and the first half of 1981 was difficult and disappointing in important respects. Nevertheless, signs of progress in dealing wit...

Chapter 7. ESAF and the HIPC Initiative

Chapter 7. ESAF and the HIPC Initiative »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 1997

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 1997

ISBN: 9781451945102

Keywords: inflation, current account, current account balance, central bank, monetary policy

On a number of occasions during 1996/97, the Board discussed two related issues associated with the Fund’s support for its poorest members: the continuation of the ESAF and implementation of the Initiative t...

CHAPTER 6 Financial Operations and Policies in FY2001

CHAPTER 6 Financial Operations and Policies in FY2001 »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2001 : Making the Global Economy Work for All

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 September 2001

ISBN: 9781589060623

Keywords: interest, debt, payments, loans, financial statements

The IMF is a cooperative institution that lends money to its member countries experiencing temporary balance of payments financing problems on the condition that the borrower undertake economic adjustment an...

Chapter 5. France: Imbalances and Declining Competitiveness

Chapter 5. France: Imbalances and Declining Competitiveness »

Source: Global Rebalancing : A Roadmap for Economic Recovery

Series: Books

Author(s): Hamid Faruqee , and Krishna Srinivasan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 August 2013

ISBN: 9781475573664

Keywords: current account, public debt, public finances, fiscal consolidation, financial sector

France’s external balances over the past decade have gradually deteriorated from surplus to moderate deficit, reflecting worsening competitiveness on the back of declining trend growth. Rising p...

Chapter 9. Fund Financial Operations and Policies

Chapter 9. Fund Financial Operations and Policies »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 1997

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 1997

ISBN: 9781451945102

Keywords: inflation, current account, current account balance, central bank, monetary policy

The Fund approved 28 new Stand-By, Extended, and ESAF arrangements in 1996/97, with total resource commitments of SDR 5.3 billion. As of the end of 1996/97, 14 Stand-By Arrangements, 11 Extended Arrangements...

Chapter 6. Fund Support of Member Countries

Chapter 6. Fund Support of Member Countries »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 1997

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 1997

ISBN: 9781451945102

Keywords: inflation, current account, current account balance, central bank, monetary policy

This chapter provides information on those financial arrangements with member countries—Stand-By Arrangements, Extended Fund Facility (EFF) arrangements, and ESAF arrangements—that were approved by the Board...

Chapter 8. Germany: Niche Exports and Improved Competitiveness

Chapter 8. Germany: Niche Exports and Improved Competitiveness »

Source: Global Rebalancing : A Roadmap for Economic Recovery

Series: Books

Author(s): Hamid Faruqee , and Krishna Srinivasan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 August 2013

ISBN: 9781475573664

Keywords: current account, public debt, public finances, fiscal consolidation, financial sector

Germany has had large external surpluses over the past decade, while the public debt level has remained high. Large current account surpluses can be attributed to a confluence of factors, includ...

CHAPTER 4 IMF Lending Policies and Conditionality

CHAPTER 4 IMF Lending Policies and Conditionality »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2001 : Making the Global Economy Work for All

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 September 2001

ISBN: 9781589060623

Keywords: interest, debt, payments, loans, financial statements

The IMF provides financial support to member countries under a variety of policies and lending instruments (“facilities” see Table 4.1). Most forms of IMF financing are made conditional on the member adoptin...

CHAPTER 2 IMF Surveillance in Action

CHAPTER 2 IMF Surveillance in Action »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2001 : Making the Global Economy Work for All

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 September 2001

ISBN: 9781589060623

Keywords: interest, debt, payments, loans, financial statements

The IMF’s charter—or Articles of Agreement—directs it to oversee the exchange rate policies of its member countries in order to ensure the effective operation of the international monetary system. To this en...