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Identifying Structural Reform Gaps in Emerging Europe, the Caucasus, and Central Asia1

Identifying Structural Reform Gaps in Emerging Europe, the Caucasus, and Central Asia1 »

Source: Identifying Structural Reform Gaps in Emerging Europe, the Caucasus, and Central Asia

Volume/Issue: 2017/82

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Norbert Funke , Asel Isakova , and Maksym Ivanyna

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 March 2017

ISBN: 9781475590616

Keywords: Central Asia, structural reforms, CESEE, Caucasus, reform gaps, General, Institutions and the Macroeconomy, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development

Using data from the World Economic Forum's Global Competitiveness Report as an example, this paper compares structural indicators for 25 countries in Emerging Europe, the Caucasus, and Central Asia with a generic c...

Identifying Structural Reform Gaps in Emerging Europe, the Caucasus, and Central Asia

Identifying Structural Reform Gaps in Emerging Europe, the Caucasus, and Central Asia »

Volume/Issue: 2017/82

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Norbert Funke , Asel Isakova , and Maksym Ivanyna

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 March 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475590616.001

ISBN: 9781475590616

Keywords: Central Asia, structural reforms, CESEE, Caucasus, reform gaps, General, Institutions and the Macroeconomy, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development

Using data from the World Economic Forum's Global Competitiveness Report as an example, this paper compares structural indicators for 25 countries in Emerging Europe, the Caucasus, and Central Asia with a generic c...

Collect More, Spend Better
			: Public Investment in Asian Frontier Markets

Collect More, Spend Better : Public Investment in Asian Frontier Markets »

Volume/Issue: 2017/10

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Manuk Ghazanchyan , Ricardo Marto , Jiri Jonas , and Kaitlyn Douglass

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 January 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475570892.001

ISBN: 9781475570892

Keywords: Southeast Asia, Sri Lanka, Tax collection, Vietnam, Capital expenditure, Public investment, Fiscal policy, Emerging markets, Cambodia, Debt sustainability

We use a dynamic small open economy model to explore the macroeconomic impact of alternative public investment scaling-up scenarios, analyzing how improving the efficiency of capital spending and of tax revenue col...

China's Rising IQ (Innovation Quotient) and Growth

China's Rising IQ (Innovation Quotient) and Growth »

Source: China's Rising IQ (Innovation Quotient) and Growth : Firm-level Evidence

Volume/Issue: 2016/249

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Hui He , Nan Li , and Jing Fang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 December 2016

ISBN: 9781475563139

Keywords: Business enterprises, Productivity, China, Asia and Pacific, Technological innovation, Public corporations, Innovation, Growth, Patent, R&;D

This paper examines whether the rapid growing firm patenting activity in China is associated with real economic outcome by building a unique dataset uniting detailed firm balance sheet information with firm patent...

China's Rising IQ (Innovation Quotient) and Growth
			: Firm-level Evidence

China's Rising IQ (Innovation Quotient) and Growth : Firm-level Evidence »

Volume/Issue: 2016/249

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Hui He , Nan Li , and Jing Fang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 December 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475563139.001

ISBN: 9781475563139

Keywords: Business enterprises, Productivity, China, Asia and Pacific, Technological innovation, Public corporations, Innovation, Growth, Patent, R&;D

This paper examines whether the rapid growing firm patenting activity in China is associated with real economic outcome by building a unique dataset uniting detailed firm balance sheet information with firm patent...

Automatic Adjustment Mechanisms in Asian Pension Systems?

Automatic Adjustment Mechanisms in Asian Pension Systems? »

Source: Automatic Adjustment Mechanisms in Asian Pension Systems?

Volume/Issue: 2016/242

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Elif Arbatli , Csaba Feher , Jack Ree , Ikuo Saito , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 December 2016

ISBN: 9781475560336

Keywords: Pensions, Pension reforms, Japan, Korea, Republic of, China, People's Republic of, China, Asia and Pacific, Asia, Retirement, Pension System Reform

Automatic adjustment mechanisms (AAMs)-rules ensuring that certain characteristics of a pension system respond to demographic, macroeconomic and financial developments, in a predetermined fashion and without the ne...

Automatic Adjustment Mechanisms in Asian Pension Systems?

Automatic Adjustment Mechanisms in Asian Pension Systems? »

Volume/Issue: 2016/242

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Elif Arbatli , Csaba Feher , Jack Ree , Ikuo Saito , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 December 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475560336.001

ISBN: 9781475560336

Keywords: Pensions, Pension reforms, Japan, Korea, Republic of, China, People's Republic of, China, Asia and Pacific, Asia, Retirement, Pension System Reform

Automatic adjustment mechanisms (AAMs)-rules ensuring that certain characteristics of a pension system respond to demographic, macroeconomic and financial developments, in a predetermined fashion and without the ne...

A Tale of Transition
			: An Empirical Analysis of Economic Inequality in Urban China, 1986-2009

A Tale of Transition : An Empirical Analysis of Economic Inequality in Urban China, 1986-2009 »

Volume/Issue: 2016/239

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Haiyan Ding , and Hui He

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 December 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475560008.001

ISBN: 9781475560008

Keywords: Time series, China, People's Republic of, Consumption distribution, Transition economies, Income distribution, China, Asia and Pacific, Household expenditures, Household survey data, Income inequality

This paper is the first comprehensive empirical study of earnings, income, and consumption inequality in urban China from 1986 to 2009, using unique micro-level data from the Urban Household Survey (UHS). The paper...

A Tale of Transition A Tale of Transition: An Empirical Analysis of Economic Inequality in Urban China, 1986-20091

A Tale of Transition A Tale of Transition: An Empirical Analysis of Economic Inequality in Urban China, 1986-20091 »

Source: A Tale of Transition : An Empirical Analysis of Economic Inequality in Urban China, 1986-2009

Volume/Issue: 2016/239

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Haiyan Ding , and Hui He

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 December 2016

ISBN: 9781475560008

Keywords: Time series, China, People's Republic of, Consumption distribution, Transition economies, Income distribution, China, Asia and Pacific, Household expenditures, Household survey data, Income inequality

This paper is the first comprehensive empirical study of earnings, income, and consumption inequality in urban China from 1986 to 2009, using unique micro-level data from the Urban Household Survey (UHS). The paper...

Political Institutions, State Building, and Tax Capacity
			: Crossing the Tipping Point

Political Institutions, State Building, and Tax Capacity : Crossing the Tipping Point »

Volume/Issue: 2016/233

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Vitor Gaspar , Laura Jaramillo , and Philippe Wingender

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 December 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475558142.001

ISBN: 9781475558142

Keywords: Nigeria, Political economy, Income taxes, Taxation, Tax evasion, Sub-Saharan Africa, Tax administration, Spain, Western Hemisphere, China

An empirical finding by Gaspar, Jaramillo and Wingender (2016) shows that once countries cross a tax-to-GDP threshold of around 12¾ percent, real GDP per capita increases sharply and in a sustained manner over the...