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Importer and Producer Petroleum Taxation

Importer and Producer Petroleum Taxation »

Source: Importer and Producer Petroleum Taxation : A Geo-Political Model

Volume/Issue: 2008/35

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jon Strand

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2008

ISBN: 9781451868975

Keywords: Petroleum taxes, environmental externalities, Nash equilibrium, Stackelberg equilibrium, cap-and-trade schemes, exporter, exporters, petroleum consumption, carbon emissions,

We derive non-cooperative Nash equilibrium (NE) importer and exporter petroleum excise taxes given full within-group tax coordination, but no coordination between groups, assuming that importers do not produce and...

Capital Flows and Demographics-An Asian Perspective

Capital Flows and Demographics-An Asian Perspective »

Source: Capital Flows and Demographics-An Asian Perspective

Volume/Issue: 2008/8

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Erik Lueth

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2008

ISBN: 9781451868708

Keywords: demographics, capital accounts, global capital flows, capital mobility, capital outflows,

This paper calibrates the production functions of 176 countries to fit 2003 data and examines the capital flows that emerge, when labor forces change according to the 2007 UN population projections. It finds that d...

Capital Flows and Demographics-An Asian Perspective

Capital Flows and Demographics-An Asian Perspective »

Volume/Issue: 2008/8

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Erik Lueth

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451868708.001

ISBN: 9781451868708

Keywords: demographics, capital accounts, global capital flows, capital mobility, capital outflows,

This paper calibrates the production functions of 176 countries to fit 2003 data and examines the capital flows that emerge, when labor forces change according to the 2007 UN population projections. It finds that d...

Real Effects of Common Currencies in East Asia

Real Effects of Common Currencies in East Asia »

Volume/Issue: 2007/166

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Kazuko Shirono

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451867305.001

ISBN: 9781451867305

Keywords: Currency Union, Gravity Model, exchange rate, bilateral trade, currency unions, trade costs, exchange rate policies,

Since the 1997 Asian currency crisis, new interest has emerged in the formation of a common currency area in East Asia. This paper provides estimates of trade and welfare effects of East Asian currency unions, usin...

Real Effects of Common Currencies in East Asia

Real Effects of Common Currencies in East Asia »

Source: Real Effects of Common Currencies in East Asia

Volume/Issue: 2007/166

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Kazuko Shirono

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2007

ISBN: 9781451867305

Keywords: Currency Union, Gravity Model, exchange rate, bilateral trade, currency unions, trade costs, exchange rate policies,

Since the 1997 Asian currency crisis, new interest has emerged in the formation of a common currency area in East Asia. This paper provides estimates of trade and welfare effects of East Asian currency unions, usin...

Financial Versus Monetary Mercantilism

Financial Versus Monetary Mercantilism »

Source: Financial Versus Monetary Mercantilism : Long-Run View of Large International Reserves Hoarding

Volume/Issue: 2006/280

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jaewoo Lee , and Joshua Aizenman

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2006

ISBN: 9781451865400

Keywords: competitive real depreciations, self insurance, precautionary hoarding, hoarding, international reserves, financial sector, financial fragility, Economic Growth of Open Economies,

The sizable hoarding of international reserves by several East Asian countries has been frequently attributed to a modern version of monetary mercantilism-hoarding international reserves in order to improve competi...

Financial Versus Monetary Mercantilism
			: Long-Run View of Large International Reserves Hoarding

Financial Versus Monetary Mercantilism : Long-Run View of Large International Reserves Hoarding »

Volume/Issue: 2006/280

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jaewoo Lee , and Joshua Aizenman

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451865400.001

ISBN: 9781451865400

Keywords: competitive real depreciations, self insurance, precautionary hoarding, hoarding, international reserves, financial sector, financial fragility, Economic Growth of Open Economies,

The sizable hoarding of international reserves by several East Asian countries has been frequently attributed to a modern version of monetary mercantilism-hoarding international reserves in order to improve competi...

Bond Markets As Conduits for Capital Flows

Bond Markets As Conduits for Capital Flows »

Source: Bond Markets As Conduits for Capital Flows : How Does Asia Compare?

Volume/Issue: 2006/238

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Pipat Luengnaruemitchai , and Barry Eichengreen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2006

ISBN: 9781451864984

Keywords: cross-border investment, gravity model, bond, bonds, bond transactions, bond returns, Financial Aspects of Economic Integration,

We use data on the extent to which residents of one country hold the bonds of issuers resident in another as a measure of financial integration or interrelatedness, asking how Asia compares with Europe and Latin Am...

Bond Markets As Conduits for Capital Flows
			: How Does Asia Compare?

Bond Markets As Conduits for Capital Flows : How Does Asia Compare? »

Volume/Issue: 2006/238

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Pipat Luengnaruemitchai , and Barry Eichengreen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451864984.001

ISBN: 9781451864984

Keywords: cross-border investment, gravity model, bond, bonds, bond transactions, bond returns, Financial Aspects of Economic Integration,

We use data on the extent to which residents of one country hold the bonds of issuers resident in another as a measure of financial integration or interrelatedness, asking how Asia compares with Europe and Latin Am...

Preferential Trade Agreements in the Asia-Pacific Region

Preferential Trade Agreements in the Asia-Pacific Region »

Volume/Issue: 2005/149

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Tubagus Feridhanusetyawan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451861686.001

ISBN: 9781451861686

Keywords: Pacific, FTA, Preferential Trade Agreement, rules of origin, regional trade, trade agreements, free trade, tariff reduction,

Preferential trade agreements (PTAs) in the Asia-Pacific region have proliferated rapidly over the past five years and are creating a complex web of intersecting bilateral and regional trade agreements. This paper...