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Chapter 5. Poverty and Distribution: Thirty Years Ago and Now

Chapter 5. Poverty and Distribution: Thirty Years Ago and Now »

Source: Inequality and Fiscal Policy

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Ruud Mooij , Sanjeev Gupta , and Michael Keen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 September 2015

ISBN: 9781513567754

Keywords: income, tax, taxes, revenue, health

Introduction In 1987 the IMF Staff Papers published “The Measurement and Alleviation of Poverty: With an Application to the Impact of Macroeconomic Adjustment” (Kanbur 1987). This pa...

CHAPTER 5 Poverty Reduction and Debt Relief for Low-Income Countries

CHAPTER 5 Poverty Reduction and Debt Relief for Low-Income Countries »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2001 : Making the Global Economy Work for All

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 September 2001

ISBN: 9781589060623

Keywords: interest, debt, payments, loans, financial statements

The stubbornly high incidence of extreme poverty in many parts of the world remains one of the greatest challenges facing the international community. The International Development Goals adopted by United Na...

Chapter 3. Program support

Chapter 3. Program support »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2007 : Making the Global Economy Work for All

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 October 2007

ISBN: 9781589066632

Keywords: balance of payments, debt relief, financial sector, expenditures, exchange rate

The IMF provides financial and other kinds of support to its member countries through a variety of instruments, including lending facilities, tailored to their different circumstances (Table 3.1). Review and...

Chapter 2. Promoting financial and macroeconomic stability and growth through surveillance

Chapter 2. Promoting financial and macroeconomic stability and growth through surveillance »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2007 : Making the Global Economy Work for All

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 October 2007

ISBN: 9781589066632

Keywords: balance of payments, debt relief, financial sector, expenditures, exchange rate

The IMF monitors the international monetary and financial system to ensure that it is functioning smoothly and to identify vulnerabilities that could undermine its stability. To the same end, it oversees eco...

Chapter 18. Reinventing the Dutch Tax-Benefit System: Exploring the Frontier of the Equity-Efficiency Trade-Off

Chapter 18. Reinventing the Dutch Tax-Benefit System: Exploring the Frontier of the Equity-Efficiency Trade-Off »

Source: Inequality and Fiscal Policy

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Ruud Mooij , Sanjeev Gupta , and Michael Keen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 September 2015

ISBN: 9781513567754

Keywords: income, tax, taxes, revenue, health

Introduction Increasing employment is a top priority for European governments. The aim is especially to better integrate particular groups in labor market, such as the low-skilled, w...

Chapter 4. Special Drawing Rights

Chapter 4. Special Drawing Rights »

Source: International Monetary Fund Handbook : Its Functions, Policies, and Operations

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): Parmeshwar Ramlogan , and Bernhard Fritz-Krockow

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 April 2007

ISBN: 9781589066250

Keywords: balance of payments, debt relief, standards, credit tranche, hipc initiative

The SDR as an International Reserve Asset The SDR was created as a result of the First Amendment of the Articles of Agreement, which became effective in 1969. It was created as a sup...

Chapter 7. Strengthening the International Financial System

Chapter 7. Strengthening the International Financial System »

Source: International Monetary Fund Handbook : Its Functions, Policies, and Operations

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): Parmeshwar Ramlogan , and Bernhard Fritz-Krockow

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 April 2007

ISBN: 9781589066250

Keywords: balance of payments, debt relief, standards, credit tranche, hipc initiative

Introduction The discussion of the reform of the international financial system rose to prominence in the late 1990s in the aftermath of the economic and financial crises in the Asia...

CHAPTER 3 Strengthening the International Financial System

CHAPTER 3 Strengthening the International Financial System »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2001 : Making the Global Economy Work for All

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 September 2001

ISBN: 9781589060623

Keywords: interest, debt, payments, loans, financial statements

During FY2001, the IMF made progress on a range of initiatives launched over the past several years to strengthen the architecture of the international financial system—and to strengthen the IMF as a center...

Chapter 2. Surveillance Over Members’ Economic Policies

Chapter 2. Surveillance Over Members’ Economic Policies »

Source: International Monetary Fund Handbook : Its Functions, Policies, and Operations

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): Parmeshwar Ramlogan , and Bernhard Fritz-Krockow

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 April 2007

ISBN: 9781589066250

Keywords: balance of payments, debt relief, standards, credit tranche, hipc initiative

Surveillance in the Articles of Agreement The Articles of Agreement set out the obligations of member countries and the IMF, which form the legal basis of IMF surveillance over membe...

Chapter 12. Targeting and Indirect Tax Design

Chapter 12. Targeting and Indirect Tax Design »

Source: Inequality and Fiscal Policy

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Ruud Mooij , Sanjeev Gupta , and Michael Keen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 September 2015

ISBN: 9781513567754

Keywords: income, tax, taxes, revenue, health

Introduction This short paper considers a perennial concern in the design of indirect taxation: whether a reduced rate of value-added tax (VAT) (or sales tax more generally) on commo...