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Chapter 5. Article IV Consultations

Chapter 5. Article IV Consultations »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 1997

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 1997

ISBN: 9781451945102

Keywords: inflation, current account, current account balance, central bank, monetary policy

The Fund holds bilateral consultations with all its member countries, in most cases every year, under the provisions of Article IV of the Articles of Agreement. As part of these consultations, a staff team f...

Chapter 6. Case Studies from Emerging and Developing Asia

Chapter 6. Case Studies from Emerging and Developing Asia »

Source: Energy Subsidy Reform : Lessons and Implications

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Stefania Fabrizio , Sanjeev Gupta , Trevor Alleyne , and Carlo Sdralevich

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 September 2013

ISBN: 9781475558111

Keywords: prices, electricity, pricing, electricity sector, electricity subsidies

Petroleum Product Subsidies Indonesia Context Reforming fuel subsidies has been a persistent policy challenge. The...

Chapter 7. China: Imbalances and High Saving

Chapter 7. China: Imbalances and High Saving »

Source: Global Rebalancing : A Roadmap for Economic Recovery

Series: Books

Author(s): Hamid Faruqee , and Krishna Srinivasan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 August 2013

ISBN: 9781475573664

Keywords: current account, public debt, public finances, fiscal consolidation, financial sector

China’s rapid growth has been accompanied by large external surpluses, reflecting an exceptionally high level of national saving. Behind this high saving lie a number of distortions that have re...

Chapter 13 China: Prolonged Reforms and the Weakening of Fiscal Control

Chapter 13 China: Prolonged Reforms and the Weakening of Fiscal Control »

Source: Transition to Market : Studies in Fiscal Reform

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 June 1993

ISBN: 9781557752758

Keywords: privatization, tax administration, tax system, taxation, tax reform

Starting in 1979, China has carried out wide-ranging economic reforms with the specific aim of accelerating the rate of output growth by increasing productivity and improving the al...

Chapter 2: Developments in the International Monetary System

Chapter 2: Developments in the International Monetary System »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 1981

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1981

ISBN: 9781616351939

Keywords: exchange rate, exchange rates, current account, foreign exchange, balance of payments

The behavior of exchange rates during 1980 and the first half of 1981 reflected the fundamental problems of the international economy during this period. Continued divergences among...

Chapter 1: Developments in the World Economy

Chapter 1: Developments in the World Economy »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 1981

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1981

ISBN: 9781616351939

Keywords: exchange rate, exchange rates, current account, foreign exchange, balance of payments

Introduction The world economic situation during 1980 and the first half of 1981 was difficult and disappointing in important respects. Nevertheless, signs of progress in dealing wit...

Chapter 7. ESAF and the HIPC Initiative

Chapter 7. ESAF and the HIPC Initiative »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 1997

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 1997

ISBN: 9781451945102

Keywords: inflation, current account, current account balance, central bank, monetary policy

On a number of occasions during 1996/97, the Board discussed two related issues associated with the Fund’s support for its poorest members: the continuation of the ESAF and implementation of the Initiative t...

CHAPTER 6 Financial Operations and Policies in FY2001

CHAPTER 6 Financial Operations and Policies in FY2001 »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2001 : Making the Global Economy Work for All

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 September 2001

ISBN: 9781589060623

Keywords: interest, debt, payments, loans, financial statements

The IMF is a cooperative institution that lends money to its member countries experiencing temporary balance of payments financing problems on the condition that the borrower undertake economic adjustment an...

Chapter 5. France: Imbalances and Declining Competitiveness

Chapter 5. France: Imbalances and Declining Competitiveness »

Source: Global Rebalancing : A Roadmap for Economic Recovery

Series: Books

Author(s): Hamid Faruqee , and Krishna Srinivasan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 August 2013

ISBN: 9781475573664

Keywords: current account, public debt, public finances, fiscal consolidation, financial sector

France’s external balances over the past decade have gradually deteriorated from surplus to moderate deficit, reflecting worsening competitiveness on the back of declining trend growth. Rising p...

Chapter 9. Fund Financial Operations and Policies

Chapter 9. Fund Financial Operations and Policies »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 1997

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 1997

ISBN: 9781451945102

Keywords: inflation, current account, current account balance, central bank, monetary policy

The Fund approved 28 new Stand-By, Extended, and ESAF arrangements in 1996/97, with total resource commitments of SDR 5.3 billion. As of the end of 1996/97, 14 Stand-By Arrangements, 11 Extended Arrangements...