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Intergovernmental Fiscal Reform in China

Intergovernmental Fiscal Reform in China »

Volume/Issue: 2018/88

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Philippe Wingender

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 April 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484351109.001

ISBN: 9781484351109

Keywords: Asia and Pacific, Social safety nets, Intergovernmental relations, subnational government finances, China, Social Security and Public Pensions, State and Local Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue, State and Local Borrowing

China is the most decentralized country in the world in terms of expenditures shares, with subnational governments responsible for 85 percent of government spending. Limited revenue autonomy and insufficient interg...

Political Institutions, State Building, and Tax Capacity
			: Crossing the Tipping Point

Political Institutions, State Building, and Tax Capacity : Crossing the Tipping Point »

Volume/Issue: 2016/233

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Vitor Gaspar , Laura Jaramillo , and Philippe Wingender

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 December 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475558142.001

ISBN: 9781475558142

Keywords: Nigeria, Political economy, Income taxes, Taxation, Tax evasion, Sub-Saharan Africa, Tax administration, Spain, Western Hemisphere, China

An empirical finding by Gaspar, Jaramillo and Wingender (2016) shows that once countries cross a tax-to-GDP threshold of around 12¾ percent, real GDP per capita increases sharply and in a sustained manner over the...

Quantifying the Spillovers from China Rebalancing Using a Multi-Sector Ricardian Trade Model

Quantifying the Spillovers from China Rebalancing Using a Multi-Sector Ricardian Trade Model »

Volume/Issue: 2016/219

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rui Mano

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 November 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475553741.001

ISBN: 9781475553741

Keywords: Consumption, China, Demand, International trade, Trade models, Spillovers, Spillovers, Transition economies, Economic sectors, China rebalancing

This paper assesses the spillovers from different facets of China rebalancing using a calibrated Ricardian trade model that includes 41 economies, each consisting of 34 sectors. We find that China's move up the val...

Reassessing the Perimeter of Government Accounts in China

Reassessing the Perimeter of Government Accounts in China »

Volume/Issue: 2017/272

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rui Mano , and Phil Stokoe

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 December 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484331651.001

ISBN: 9781484331651

Keywords: China, Asia and Pacific, Government Statistics, Fiscal Risks, Local Government Finance, General

China's official general government accounts do not include off-budget quasi-fiscal spending unlike the IMF's augmented government accounts. This paper argues that the broader concept of augmented government remain...

Resolving China's Zombies: Tackling Debt and Raising Productivity

Resolving China's Zombies: Tackling Debt and Raising Productivity »

Volume/Issue: 2017/266

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): W. Raphael Lam , Alfred Schipke , Yuyan Tan , and Zhibo Tan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 November 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484330722.001

ISBN: 9781484330722

Keywords: Corporate debt, Debt restructuring, Asia and Pacific, China, state-owned enterprises, and zombie firms, zombie firms, General, Firm Behavior: Empirical Analysis

Nonviable 'zombie' firms have become a key concern in China. Using novel firm-level industrial survey data, this paper illustrates the central role of zombies and their strong linkages with stateowned enterprises (...

Spillovers from the Maturing of China's Economy

Spillovers from the Maturing of China's Economy »

Volume/Issue: 2016/212

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Allan Dizioli , Benjamin Hunt , and Wojciech Maliszewski

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 November 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475552225.001

ISBN: 9781475552225

Keywords: Spillovers, Asia and Pacific, China’;s slowdown and rebalancing, international business cycle, model based analysis, China&;amp;#x2019;s slowdown and rebalancing, Computable General Equilibrium Models, Forecasting and Simulation, Open Economy Macroeconomics, International Business Cycles

China's transition to a new growth model continues and the impact has been felt across the globe. Several trends contribute to the ‘maturing' of China's economy: i) structural slowing on the convergence path; ii) o...

The Long-Run Trend of Residential Investment in China

The Long-Run Trend of Residential Investment in China »

Volume/Issue: 2018/251

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ding Ding , and Weicheng Lian

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 December 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484385371.001

ISBN: 9781484385371

Keywords: Asia and Pacific, China, People's Republic of, Central banks and their policies, China housing market, residential investment, rebalancing, Bayesian Analysis, Time-Series Models, Monetary Policy (Targets, Instruments

In this paper we analyze the fundamental drivers of China's residential investment as a share of its GDP. Our analysis indicates that the economic structural changes that led to rebalancing toward consumption were...

Trading with China
			: Productivity Gains, Job Losses

Trading with China : Productivity Gains, Job Losses »

Volume/Issue: 2017/122

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): JaeBin Ahn , and Romain Duval

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 May 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475595833.001

ISBN: 9781475595833

Keywords: China, People's Republic of, Imports, Productivity, Trade, Asia and Pacific, Exports, Growth, Jobs, China

We analyze the impact on productivity in advanced economies of fast-growing trade with China between the mid-1990s and late-2000s, separately identifying the export and import channels. We use country-sector-level...

Transport Infrastructure, City Productivity Growth and Sectoral Reallocation: Evidence from China

Transport Infrastructure, City Productivity Growth and Sectoral Reallocation: Evidence from China »

Volume/Issue: 2018/276

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Yang Yang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 December 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484389584.001

ISBN: 9781484389584

Keywords: Transport infrastructure, trade, highway, productivity, China, Incidence

This paper examines the impact of highway expansion on aggregate productivity growth and sectoral reallocation between cities in China. To do so, I construct a unique dataset of bilateral transportation costs betwe...

When China Sneezes Does ASEAN Catch a Cold?

When China Sneezes Does ASEAN Catch a Cold? »

Volume/Issue: 2016/214

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sohrab Rafiq

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 November 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475552607.001

ISBN: 9781475552607

Keywords: Cambodia, Cambodia, China, Cross country analysis, Association of Southeast Asian Nations, Emerging markets, Economic integration, Economic growth, Philippines, Indonesia

This paper looks at the effects of a China slowdown on Emerging Market Economies (Indonesia, Malaysia, and Thailand) and Frontier Developing Economies (Cambodia, Lao P.D.R., and Vietnam) in ASEAN. The main finding...