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External Imbalances in the Euro Area

External Imbalances in the Euro Area »

Volume/Issue: 2012/236

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ruo Chen , Gian Milesi-Ferretti , and Thierry Tressel

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 September 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475524673.001

ISBN: 9781475524673

Keywords: euro area, external imbalances, financial integration, terms of trade shocks, trading partner, trading partners, trade shocks, commodity exporters, domestic demand, Institutions and the Macroeconomy

The paper examines the extent to which current account imbalances of euro area countries are related to intra-euro area factors and to external trade shocks. We argue that the traditional explanations for the risin...

Importer and Producer Petroleum Taxation
			: A Geo-Political Model

Importer and Producer Petroleum Taxation : A Geo-Political Model »

Volume/Issue: 2008/35

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jon Strand

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451868975.001

ISBN: 9781451868975

Keywords: Petroleum taxes, environmental externalities, Nash equilibrium, Stackelberg equilibrium, cap-and-trade schemes, exporter, exporters, petroleum consumption, carbon emissions,

We derive non-cooperative Nash equilibrium (NE) importer and exporter petroleum excise taxes given full within-group tax coordination, but no coordination between groups, assuming that importers do not produce and...

The Dynamics of Product Quality and International Competitiveness

The Dynamics of Product Quality and International Competitiveness »

Volume/Issue: 2007/97

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ashoka Mody , Deniz Igan , and Stefania Fabrizio

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451866612.001

ISBN: 9781451866612

Keywords: International competitiveness, Product quality, reer, trading partners, export growth, world exports, export performance, Models of Trade with Imperfect Competition and Scale Economies, Country and Industry Studies of Trade, Technological Change: Other,

Despite the appreciation of the exchange rate, the eight Central and Eastern European countries (the CEE-8) that entered the European Union in May 2004 have achieved a decade of impressive export growth, expanding...

Towards a System of Multilateral Unit Labor Cost-Based Competitiveness Indicators for Advanced, Developing, and Transition Countries

Towards a System of Multilateral Unit Labor Cost-Based Competitiveness Indicators for Advanced, Developing, and Transition Countries »

Volume/Issue: 1997/151

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Anthony Turner , and Stephen Golub

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 1997

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451922882.001

ISBN: 9781451922882

Keywords: effective exchange rates, exchange rates, reer, unit labor costs, exchange rate

This paper attempts to extend the range of countries covered by the IMF’s multilateral real exchange rate indexes based on relative unit labor costs (REER-ULCs) in manufacturing. A data set was assembled tha...