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North-South RandD Spillovers

North-South RandD Spillovers »

Volume/Issue: 1994/144

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Elhanan Helpman , David Coe , and Alexander Hoffmaister

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1994

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451856385.001

ISBN: 9781451856385

Keywords: r &;amp; d, foreign r &;amp; d, industrial countries, total factor productivity

We examine the extent to which developing countries that do little, if any, research and development themselves benefit from R&D that is performed in the industrial countries. By trading with an industrial c...

Military Expenditures 1972-1990
			: The Reasons Behind the Post-1985 Fall in World Military Spending

Military Expenditures 1972-1990 : The Reasons Behind the Post-1985 Fall in World Military Spending »

Volume/Issue: 1993/18

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Daniel Hewitt

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1993

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451843590.001

ISBN: 9781451843590

Keywords: military, military expenditures, expenditures, military spending, military expenditure

World military expenditures have fallen by over 20 percent in proportion to GDP from 1985 to 1990. This study examines the determinants of military expenditures in 125 countries during 1972-90 to ascertain what fac...