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The Level of Productivity in Traded and Non-Traded Sectors for a Large Panel of Countries

The Level of Productivity in Traded and Non-Traded Sectors for a Large Panel of Countries »

Volume/Issue: 2015/48

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rui Mano , and Marola Castillo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 February 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484392140.001

ISBN: 9781484392140

Keywords: Sectoral Productivity, Traded and Non-Traded Sectors, industry, productivity, value added, value, products, Open Economy Macroeconomics, Economic Growth of Open Economies,

This paper explains in detail the construction of series for productivity in the traded and nontraded sectors for a panel of 56 countries spanning 1989-2012. The level of productivity in each sector is defined as r...

Conventional and Insidious Macroeconomic Balance-Sheet Crises

Conventional and Insidious Macroeconomic Balance-Sheet Crises »

Volume/Issue: 2014/160

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Bas Bakker , and Leslie Lipschitz

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 August 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498389044.001

ISBN: 9781498389044

Keywords: crises, capital inflows, exchange rate, real effective exchange rate, effective exchange rate, General, Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance, Globalization: General,

This paper describes the anatomy of two types of balance-sheet macroeconomic crises. Conventional balance-sheet crises are triggered by external imbalances and balance sheet vulnerabilities. They typically occur af...

Debt and Growth
			: Is There a Magic Threshold?

Debt and Growth : Is There a Magic Threshold? »

Volume/Issue: 2014/34

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Andrea Pescatori , Damiano Sandri , and John Simon

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 February 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484306444.001

ISBN: 9781484306444

Keywords: growth, gdp growth, debt thresholds, debt ratio, growth rate, General,

Using a novel empirical approach and an extensive dataset developed by the Fiscal Affairs Department of the IMF, we find no evidence of any particular debt threshold above which medium-term growth prospects are dra...

Asset Price Bubbles
			: A Selective Survey

Asset Price Bubbles : A Selective Survey »

Volume/Issue: 2013/45

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Anna Scherbina

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 February 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475515299.001

ISBN: 9781475515299

Keywords: Bubbles, Limits to Arbitrage, stock market, discount rate, mortgage, cash flows, financial economics, General,

Why do asset price bubbles continue to appear in various markets? This paper provides an overview of recent literature on bubbles, with significant attention given to behavioral models and rational models with fric...

Donor Competition for Aid Impact, and Aid Fragmentation

Donor Competition for Aid Impact, and Aid Fragmentation »

Volume/Issue: 2012/204

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Kurt Annen , and Luc Moers

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475505542.001

ISBN: 9781475505542

Keywords: Aid Effectiveness, Aid Fragmentation, Donor Competition, Donor Coordination, humanitarian aid, aid coordination, foreign investment, Analysis of Collective Decision-Making: General,

This paper shows that donors that maximize relative aid impact spread their budgets across many recipient countries in a unique Nash equilibrium, explaining aid fragmentation. This equilibrium may be inefficient ev...

Information Rigidity in Growth Forecasts
			: Some Cross-Country Evidence

Information Rigidity in Growth Forecasts : Some Cross-Country Evidence »

Volume/Issue: 2011/125

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Natalia Tamirisa , Prakash Loungani , and Herman Stekler

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455263424.001

ISBN: 9781455263424

Keywords: Information rigidity, forecasts, crises, banking crises, recession, impulse responses, number of observations, forecast errors, Forecasting and Other Model Applications, Prices

We document information rigidity in forecasts for real GDP growth in 46 countries over the past two decades. We investigate: (i) if rigidities are lower around turning points in the economy, such as in times of rec...

Financial Frictions, Investment, and Institutions

Financial Frictions, Investment, and Institutions »

Volume/Issue: 2010/231

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Yishay Yafeh , Kenichi Ueda , and Stijn Claessens

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455209316.001

ISBN: 9781455209316

Keywords: Financial Friction, institution, creditor rights, measurement errors, correlation, equation, financial markets, standard deviation, Corporate Finance and Governance: General, Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity: General,

Financial frictions have been identified as key factors affecting economic fluctuations and growth. But, can institutional reforms reduce financial frictions? Based on a canonical investment model, we consider two...

Importer and Producer Petroleum Taxation
			: A Geo-Political Model

Importer and Producer Petroleum Taxation : A Geo-Political Model »

Volume/Issue: 2008/35

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jon Strand

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451868975.001

ISBN: 9781451868975

Keywords: Petroleum taxes, environmental externalities, Nash equilibrium, Stackelberg equilibrium, cap-and-trade schemes, exporter, exporters, petroleum consumption, carbon emissions,

We derive non-cooperative Nash equilibrium (NE) importer and exporter petroleum excise taxes given full within-group tax coordination, but no coordination between groups, assuming that importers do not produce and...

Stock Market Liberalizations
			: Financial and Macroeconomic Implications

Stock Market Liberalizations : Financial and Macroeconomic Implications »

Volume/Issue: 2001/193

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Norbert Funke , and Nicola Fuchs-Schündeln

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2001

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451859812.001

ISBN: 9781451859812

Keywords: financial liberalization, regulation, stock market, stock market liberalization, credit rating, stock market liberalizations, General Financial Markets,

Using a panel of 27 countries, we analyze the effects of stock market liberalization on financial and macroeconomic development. We find that liberalization is associated with a short-term increase in real private...

The Security Factor in The Political Economy of Development

The Security Factor in The Political Economy of Development »

Volume/Issue: 1998/33

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Martin McGuire

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1998

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451979381.001

ISBN: 9781451979381

Keywords: Security, Economic Conflict, Wealth Distribution, Governance, Institutions of Development, military, taxation, army, military dictatorship, tax collection

A country’s judiciary, police, and security forces are essential to protect the State from external aggression. By virtue of the State’s monopoly of coercion, they maintain a stable legal framework an...