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Measuring Competitiveness
			: Trade in Goods or Tasks?

Measuring Competitiveness : Trade in Goods or Tasks? »

Volume/Issue: 2013/100

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Tamim Bayoumi , Mika Saito , and Jarkko Turunen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 May 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484325803.001

ISBN: 9781484325803

Keywords: Real Effective Exchange Rate, Global Supply Chains, reer, global supply, intermediate inputs, domestic production, gross exports, General,

With global supply chains, any value added or production task can be traded as part of goods. This means that competitiveness can be measured either in terms of “tasks” (Bems and Johnson, 2012), or go...

The Differential Effects of Oil Demand and Supply Shocks on the Global Economy

The Differential Effects of Oil Demand and Supply Shocks on the Global Economy »

Volume/Issue: 2012/253

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Paul Cashin , Kamiar Mohaddes , Mehdi Raissi , and Maziar Raissi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 October 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475597158.001

ISBN: 9781475597158

Keywords: Global VAR (GVAR), global macroeconomic modeling, impulse responses, international business cycle, oil-demand and oil-supply shocks, oil exporters, exporters, oil prices, exporting countries, Time-Series Models

We employ a set of sign restrictions on the generalized impulse responses of a Global VAR model, estimated for 38 countries/regions over the period 1979Q2-2011Q2, to discriminate between supply-driven and demand-dr...

Japan out of the Lost Decade
			: Divine Wind or Firms' Effort?

Japan out of the Lost Decade : Divine Wind or Firms' Effort? »

Volume/Issue: 2012/171

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ichiro Tokutsu , Kazuo Ogawa , and Mika Saito

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475505191.001

ISBN: 9781475505191

Keywords: Lost Decade, Export, Price-Cost Margin, tfp, exporters, growth rate, export price, Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy, Country and Industry Studies of Trade,

A surge of exports in the 2000s helped Japan exit the severe decade-long stagnation known as the lost decade. Using panel data of Japanese exporting firms, we examine the sources of the export surge during this per...

World Economic Outlook, April 2012
			: Growth Resuming, Dangers Remain

World Economic Outlook, April 2012 : Growth Resuming, Dangers Remain »

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 April 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781616352462.081

ISBN: 9781616352462

Keywords: debt, exporters, commodity exporters, household debt

The April 2012 issue of the World Economic Outlook assesses the prospects for the global economy, which has gradually strengthened after a major setback during 2011. The threat of a sharp global slowdown eased with...

Changing Patterns of Global Trade

Changing Patterns of Global Trade »

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Nagwa Riad , Luca Errico , Christian Henn , Christian Saborowski , Mika Saito , and Jarkko Turunen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 January 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781616352073.087

ISBN: 9781616352073

Keywords: Emerging markets, Developed countries, International trade, Trade integration, supply chain, gross exports, trade flows, global trade, technology exports

Changing Patterns of Global Trade outlines the factors underlying important shifts in global trade that have occurred in recent decades. The emergence of global supply chains and their increasing role in trade patt...

Importer and Producer Petroleum Taxation
			: A Geo-Political Model

Importer and Producer Petroleum Taxation : A Geo-Political Model »

Volume/Issue: 2008/35

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jon Strand

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451868975.001

ISBN: 9781451868975

Keywords: Petroleum taxes, environmental externalities, Nash equilibrium, Stackelberg equilibrium, cap-and-trade schemes, exporter, exporters, petroleum consumption, carbon emissions,

We derive non-cooperative Nash equilibrium (NE) importer and exporter petroleum excise taxes given full within-group tax coordination, but no coordination between groups, assuming that importers do not produce and...

Capital Flows and Demographics-An Asian Perspective

Capital Flows and Demographics-An Asian Perspective »

Volume/Issue: 2008/8

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Erik Lueth

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451868708.001

ISBN: 9781451868708

Keywords: demographics, capital accounts, global capital flows, capital mobility, capital outflows,

This paper calibrates the production functions of 176 countries to fit 2003 data and examines the capital flows that emerge, when labor forces change according to the 2007 UN population projections. It finds that d...

World Economic Outlook, April 2006
			: Globalization and Inflation

World Economic Outlook, April 2006 : Globalization and Inflation »

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 September 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589065499.081

ISBN: 9781589065499

Keywords: inflation, debt, interest, oil prices, debtor countries

The World Economic Outlook is the product of a unique international exercise in information gathering and analysis performed by IMF staff to guide key initiatives and to serve IMF member countries. Published at lea...

Exchange Rate Movements and Tradable Goods Prices in East Asia
			: An Analysis Based on Japanese Customs Data, 1988-98

Exchange Rate Movements and Tradable Goods Prices in East Asia : An Analysis Based on Japanese Customs Data, 1988-98 »

Volume/Issue: 1999/31

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Yushi Yoshida , and Shinji Takagi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1999

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451845006.001

ISBN: 9781451845006

Keywords: Exchange rate, tradable goods, pass-through, exporters, export prices, export pricing, exchange rates

The paper uses a dynamic panel data model to estimate the pass-through coefficients of 20 nine-digit industrial commodities that are traded between Japan and its East Asian trading partners to investigate the respo...

Agricultural Trade and Protection in Asia

Agricultural Trade and Protection in Asia »

Volume/Issue: 1988/63

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 July 1988

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451963403.001

ISBN: 9781451963403

Keywords: agricultural trade, average tariff, quantitative restrictions, agricultural commodities, tariff levels

The study reveals agricultural import restrictions are widely applied in Asia, but that Japan and Korea impose lower average tariffs and nontariff barriers with less frequency than most Asian countries. It also fin...