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Automatic Adjustment Mechanisms in Asian Pension Systems?

Automatic Adjustment Mechanisms in Asian Pension Systems? »

Volume/Issue: 2016/242

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Elif Arbatli , Csaba Feher , Jack Ree , Ikuo Saito , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 December 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475560336.001

ISBN: 9781475560336

Keywords: Pensions, Pension reforms, Japan, Korea, Republic of, China, People's Republic of, China, Asia and Pacific, Asia, Retirement, Pension System Reform

Automatic adjustment mechanisms (AAMs)-rules ensuring that certain characteristics of a pension system respond to demographic, macroeconomic and financial developments, in a predetermined fashion and without the ne...

Asia
			: A Survey of Gender Budgeting Efforts

Asia : A Survey of Gender Budgeting Efforts »

Volume/Issue: 2016/150

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Lekha Chakraborty

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 July 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475519914.001

ISBN: 9781475519914

Keywords: India, Fiscal policy, Cross country analysis, Budgeting, Asia, Asia and Pacific, Australia, Philippines, Korea, Republic of, Gender

This paper reviews gender budgeting efforts in Asia. The countries in the region have achieved mixed success in improving gender equality. Gender budgeting is ideally a fiscal innovation that translates gender-rela...

Monetary Policy Transmission in Emerging Asia
			: The Role of Banks and the Effects of Financial Globalization

Monetary Policy Transmission in Emerging Asia : The Role of Banks and the Effects of Financial Globalization »

Volume/Issue: 2015/207

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Nasha Ananchotikul , and Dulani Seneviratne

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 September 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513516233.001

ISBN: 9781513516233

Keywords: Monetary policy transmission, bank lending channel, financial globalization, bank, lending, credit, banking, General, Monetary Policy (Targets, Instruments

Given the heavy reliance on bank lending as the main source of financing in most Asian economies, banks could potentially play a pivotal role in monetary policy transmission. However, we find that Asia's bank lendi...

Reaping the Benefits from Global Value Chains

Reaping the Benefits from Global Value Chains »

Volume/Issue: 2015/204

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Kevin Cheng , Sidra Rehman , Dulani Seneviratne , and Shiny Zhang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 September 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513516738.001

ISBN: 9781513516738

Keywords: Global Value Chains, GVC, Economic Complexity, Growth, value, trade, value added, development, General, Globalization: General,

Against the backdrop of the rise of global value chains (GVCs), particularly in Asia, this paper documents key developments of GVCs and investigates what factors cause economies to reap greater benefits from GVC pa...

The Leap of the Tiger
			: How Malaysia Can Escape the Middle-Income Trap

The Leap of the Tiger : How Malaysia Can Escape the Middle-Income Trap »

Volume/Issue: 2015/131

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Reda Cherif , and Fuad Hasanov

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 June 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513556017.001

ISBN: 9781513556017

Keywords: growth, middle-income trap, innovation, technology, electronics, it, at, technologies, Government Policy, General

Only a few European economies and Korea and Taiwan Province of China reached high-income status during 1970-2010. Malaysia's real income per capita increased to 26 percent of the U.S. level in 2010 from 20 percent...

What Can Boost Female Labor Force Participation in Asia?

What Can Boost Female Labor Force Participation in Asia? »

Volume/Issue: 2015/56

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Yuko Kinoshita , and Fang Guo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 March 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498329750.001

ISBN: 9781498329750

Keywords: female labor force participation, fertility, labor market duality, employment, labor, labor force, female labor, regular employment, Labor Economics Policies, Economics of Gender

Both Japan and Korea are trying to boost female labor force participation (FLFP) as they face the challenges of a rapidly aging population. Though FLFP has generally been on a rising trend, the female labor force...

Why Was Asia Resilient? Lessons from the Past and for the Future

Why Was Asia Resilient? Lessons from the Past and for the Future »

Volume/Issue: 2014/38

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Phakawa Jeasakul , Cheng Lim , and Erik Lundback

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 February 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475540284.001

ISBN: 9781475540284

Keywords: Global financial crisis, resilience, financial and external vulnerabilities, banking, banking crisis, banking system, bank capital, loan classification, Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy, Asia including Middle East,

Asia proved to be remarkably resilient in the face of the global financial crisis, but why was its output performance stronger than that of other regions? The paper shows that better initial conditions-in the form...

Benchmarking Structural Transformation Across the World

Benchmarking Structural Transformation Across the World »

Volume/Issue: 2013/176

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Era Dabla-Norris , Alun Thomas , Rodrigo Garcia-Verdu , and Yingyuan Chen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 July 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484359662.001

ISBN: 9781484359662

Keywords: Structural Transformation, Quantile Regression, Panel Data, globalization, gdp per capita, real gdp, economic globalization, economic growth, General,

This paper documents stylized facts on the process of structural transformation around the world and empirically analyzes its determinants using data on real value added by sector of economic activity (agriculture,...

Institutional Arrangements for Macroprudential Policy in Asia

Institutional Arrangements for Macroprudential Policy in Asia »

Volume/Issue: 2013/165

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Cheng Lim , Rishi Ramchand , Helen Wagner , and Xiaoyong Wu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 July 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484338360.001

ISBN: 9781484338360

Keywords: institutional arrangements, macroprudential, regulation, financial system, deposit insurance, financial services, Government Policy and Regulation,

This paper surveys institutional arrangements for macroprudential policy in Asia. Central banks in Asia typically have a financial stability mandate, and play a key role in the macroprudential framework. Smaller an...

Country Transparency and the Global Transmission of Financial Shocks

Country Transparency and the Global Transmission of Financial Shocks »

Volume/Issue: 2013/156

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Luis Brandao Marques , R. Gelos , and Natalia Melgar

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 July 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484397237.001

ISBN: 9781484397237

Keywords: transmission of global financial shocks, bond, stock returns, equity markets, bond spreads, bond returns, Asset Pricing,

This paper considers the role of country-level opacity (the lack of availability of information) in amplifying shocks emanating from financial centers. We provide a simple model where, in the presence of ambiguity...