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Collect More, Spend Better
			: Public Investment in Asian Frontier Markets

Collect More, Spend Better : Public Investment in Asian Frontier Markets »

Volume/Issue: 2017/10

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Manuk Ghazanchyan , Ricardo Marto , Jiri Jonas , and Kaitlyn Douglass

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 January 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475570892.001

ISBN: 9781475570892

Keywords: Southeast Asia, Sri Lanka, Tax collection, Vietnam, Capital expenditure, Public investment, Fiscal policy, Emerging markets, Cambodia, Debt sustainability

We use a dynamic small open economy model to explore the macroeconomic impact of alternative public investment scaling-up scenarios, analyzing how improving the efficiency of capital spending and of tax revenue col...

ICT Equipment Investment and Growth in Low- and Lower-Middle-Income Countries

ICT Equipment Investment and Growth in Low- and Lower-Middle-Income Countries »

Volume/Issue: 2010/66

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Markus Haacker

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451982107.001

ISBN: 9781451982107

Keywords: ICT, technology, equipment investment, technological progress, trade data, technological advances, information technology, net exports, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development, One

While production of ICT equipment plays a subordinate role for economic growth in most of these countries, they do benefit from capital deepening arising from falling prices of ICT equipment. Adapting established g...

The Impact of Trade Liberalization on the Trade Balance in Developing Countries

The Impact of Trade Liberalization on the Trade Balance in Developing Countries »

Volume/Issue: 2008/14

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Yi Wu , and Li Zeng

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451868760.001

ISBN: 9781451868760

Keywords: trade balance, impact of trade, impact of trade liberalization, terms of trade,

Using two recently constructed measures of trade liberalization dates, this research studies the impact of trade liberalization on imports, exports, and overall trade balance for a large sample of developing countr...

Firm Heterogeneity and Weak Intellectual Property Rights

Firm Heterogeneity and Weak Intellectual Property Rights »

Volume/Issue: 2007/161

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Stanley Watt

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451867251.001

ISBN: 9781451867251

Keywords: Firm Heterogeneity, Intellectual Property Rights, r &;amp; d, standard errors, equation, outlier, probability,

In weak intellectual property rights (IPR) environments, the imitation of proprietary technology by domestic firms has become a deterrent for foreign investment. Different multinationals may view this deterrent dif...

Are Regional Trade Agreements in Asia Stumbling or Building Blocks? Implications for the Mekong-3 Countries

Are Regional Trade Agreements in Asia Stumbling or Building Blocks? Implications for the Mekong-3 Countries »

Volume/Issue: 2007/53

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Patrizia Tumbarello

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451866179.001

ISBN: 9781451866179

Keywords: regional trade agreements, gravity model, trade diversion, Mekong countries, panel data, regional trade, trade agreements, free trade, rules of origin, Country and Industry Studies of Trade

Is the recent proliferation of Regional Trade Agreements (RTAs) in Asia a healthy development, or runs the risk of turning into an unmanageable "noodle bowl" in the future? The goal of this paper is to shed some li...

What Should Macroeconomists Know about Health Care Policy?

What Should Macroeconomists Know about Health Care Policy? »

Volume/Issue: 2007/13

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Peter Heller

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451865776.001

ISBN: 9781451865776

Keywords: health economics, government expenditure, public health, health expenditure, health policy, health sector, National Government Expenditures and Health, Analysis of Health Care Markets,

This primer aims to provide IMF macroeconomists with the essential information they need to address issues concerning health sector policy, particularly when they have significant macroeconomic implications. Such i...

Can Higher Reserves Help Reduce Exchange Rate Volatility?

Can Higher Reserves Help Reduce Exchange Rate Volatility? »

Volume/Issue: 2004/189

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): M. Nowak , Ketil Hviding , and Luca Ricci

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2004

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451859645.001

ISBN: 9781451859645

Keywords: Foreign exchange volatility, reserve adequacy, exchange rate, exchange rate volatility, effective exchange rate, exchange rate regime, real effective exchange rate, International Finance: General,

This paper studies the role of an increase in foreign exchange reserves in reducing currency volatility for emerging market countries. The study employs a panel of 28 countries over the period 1986-2002. Several co...

Patterns of Shocks and Regional Monetary Cooperation in South Asia

Patterns of Shocks and Regional Monetary Cooperation in South Asia »

Volume/Issue: 2003/240

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Nephil Maskay

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2003

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451875812.001

ISBN: 9781451875812

Keywords: shocks, regional monetary cooperation, exchange rate, economic integration, exchange rates, output growth, exchange rate policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance,

The member states of the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation have set as a target the achievement of an economic union by 2020. Reaching this goal will require greater levels of monetary cooperation. H...

Stock Market Liberalizations
			: Financial and Macroeconomic Implications

Stock Market Liberalizations : Financial and Macroeconomic Implications »

Volume/Issue: 2001/193

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Norbert Funke , and Nicola Fuchs-Schündeln

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2001

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451859812.001

ISBN: 9781451859812

Keywords: financial liberalization, regulation, stock market, stock market liberalization, credit rating, stock market liberalizations, General Financial Markets,

Using a panel of 27 countries, we analyze the effects of stock market liberalization on financial and macroeconomic development. We find that liberalization is associated with a short-term increase in real private...

What Should Macroeconomists Know About Health Care Policy
			: A Primer

What Should Macroeconomists Know About Health Care Policy : A Primer »

Volume/Issue: 2000/136

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): William Hsiao

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2000

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451855807.001

ISBN: 9781451855807

Keywords: health economics, government expenditure, health expenditure, public health, health policy, health insurance

This primer aims to provide IMF macroeconomists with the essential information they need in situations where they must address issues concerning health sector policy and when they have significant macroeconomic imp...