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Equitable and Sustainable Pensions
			: Challenges and Experience

Equitable and Sustainable Pensions : Challenges and Experience »

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Frank Eich , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 March 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781616359508.071

ISBN: 9781616359508

Keywords: pension, pensions, benefits, pension system, retirement age

Pension reform is high on the agenda of many advanced and emerging market economies, for many reasons. First, public pensions often constitute a large share of government expenditure. Second, population aging means...

Asian Financial Integration
			: Trends and Interruptions

Asian Financial Integration : Trends and Interruptions »

Volume/Issue: 2011/4

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Eduardo Borensztein , and Prakash Loungani

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455211821.001

ISBN: 9781455211821

Keywords: equity premium, gravity model, home bias, risk-sharing, herding, investors, bond, foreign investors, bonds, international investors

The paper compares trends in financial integration within Asia with those in industrialized countries and other regional groups. Declines in cross-country dispersion in equity returns and interest rates suggest inc...

What Makes Growth Sustained?

What Makes Growth Sustained? »

Volume/Issue: 2008/59

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jonathan Ostry , Andrew Berg , and Jeronimo Zettelmeyer

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451869217.001

ISBN: 9781451869217

Keywords: Growth, Accelerations, Structural Breaks, terms of trade, inflation, terms of trade shocks, external shocks, trade shocks,

We identify structural breaks in economic growth in 140 countries and use these to define "growth spells:" periods of high growth preceded by an upbreak and ending either with a downbreak or with the end of the sam...

Asian Monetary Integration
			: Will It Ever Happen?

Asian Monetary Integration : Will It Ever Happen? »

Series: Other Periodicals

Author(s): Tharman Shanmugaratnam

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 November 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451980813.029

ISBN: 9781451980813

Keywords: monetary integration, intraregional trade, monetary union, monetary policy, trade integration

This paper examines the possibility of Asian monetary integration. The paper highlights that the objectives and motivations behind the continuing debate for Asian monetary integration have now evolved. The objectiv...

The Per Jacobsson Lecture
			: Asian Monetary integration: Will It Ever Happen?

The Per Jacobsson Lecture : Asian Monetary integration: Will It Ever Happen? »

Series: Other Periodicals

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 August 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451980745.029

ISBN: 9781451980745

Keywords: monetary integration, monetary union, monetary policy, inflation, trade integration

This paper discusses the need for Asian Monetary Integration. The original motivation for proposals for Asian monetary Integration had to do with a desire to reduce Asia's susceptibility to shocks, particularly fin...

Finance & Development, June 2006

Finance & Development, June 2006 »

Volume/Issue: 43/2

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 June 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451922479.022

ISBN: 9781451922479

Keywords: international monetary fund, financial integration, financial markets, pension reform, financial development

Asia Rising -- explores Asia's role in the world economy, the challenges faced from globalization, the quest for greater regional financial integration, the problem of lagging investment, and why East Asia performe...

IMF Research Bulletin, September 2005

IMF Research Bulletin, September 2005 »

Volume/Issue: 6/3

Series: IMF Research Bulletin

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 September 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451929942.026

ISBN: 9781451929942

Keywords: capital flows, international capital, international capital flows, capital mobility, Equality, Institutional Change, Institutions, International Capital Market, Natural Resources. Economic Aspects, Population. Economic Aspects

The IMF Research Bulletin, a quarterly publication, selectively summarizes research and analytical work done by various departments at the IMF, and also provides a listing of research documents and other research-r...

Preferential Trade Agreements in the Asia-Pacific Region

Preferential Trade Agreements in the Asia-Pacific Region »

Volume/Issue: 2005/149

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Tubagus Feridhanusetyawan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451861686.001

ISBN: 9781451861686

Keywords: Pacific, FTA, Preferential Trade Agreement, rules of origin, regional trade, trade agreements, free trade, tariff reduction,

Preferential trade agreements (PTAs) in the Asia-Pacific region have proliferated rapidly over the past five years and are creating a complex web of intersecting bilateral and regional trade agreements. This paper...

Demographic Change in Asia
			: The Impacton Optimal National Saving, Investment, and the Current Account

Demographic Change in Asia : The Impacton Optimal National Saving, Investment, and the Current Account »

Volume/Issue: 2000/115

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ian McDonald , Serge Bésanger , and Ross Guest

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2000

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451853858.001

ISBN: 9781451853858

Keywords: Current Account Balance, Investments, Aging, Demography, national saving, consumption demands, demographic projections, age group, older people

This paper calculates the levels of optimal national saving, investment, and the current account balance for five Asian economies—Hong Kong SAR, Japan, Singapore, Malaysia, and the Philippines—for the...

East Asian Growth Before and After the Crisis

East Asian Growth Before and After the Crisis »

Volume/Issue: 1998/137

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): N. Crafts

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1998

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451855883.001

ISBN: 9781451855883

Keywords: tfp, economic growth, capital markets, growth rates, real gdp

This paper surveys the literature on the growth performance of the east Asian economies in recent decades, evaluates the sustainability of that performance, and provides a preliminary assessment of their long-term...