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Does Import Competition Induce R&D Reallocation? Evidence from the U.S.

Does Import Competition Induce R&D Reallocation? Evidence from the U.S. »

Volume/Issue: 2017/253

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rui Xu , and Kaiji Gong

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 November 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484326008.001

ISBN: 9781484326008

Keywords: Western Hemisphere, Asia and Pacific, United States, Chinese Import Competition, R&D Expenditures, Reallocation, R&D Expenditures, Country and Industry Studies of Trade, Trade and Labor Market Interactions

We analyze the impact of rising import competition from China on U.S. innovative activities. Using Compustat data, we find that import competition induces R&D expenditures to be reallocated towards more productive...

Republic of the Marshall Islands
			: Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix

Republic of the Marshall Islands : Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix »

Volume/Issue: 2008/186

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 June 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451825947.002

ISBN: 9781451825947

Keywords: budget, fiscal surplus, fiscal adjustment, fiscal consolidation

The strategy that has the best chance of allowing the Republic of Marshall Islands (RMI) to achieve fiscal sustainability after FY2023 involves substantial fiscal consolidation. The alternative (policy action) scen...

Tax Rate Cuts and Tax Compliance-The Laffer Curve Revisited

Tax Rate Cuts and Tax Compliance-The Laffer Curve Revisited »

Volume/Issue: 2008/7

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Tamás Papp , and Elöd Takáts

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451868692.001

ISBN: 9781451868692

Keywords: tax evasion, Laffer curve, tax authority, tax rate cuts,

The paper shows how tax rate cuts can increase revenues by improving tax compliance. The intuition is that tax evasion has externalities: tax evaders protect each other, because they tie down limited enforcement ca...

Should Equity Be a Goal of Economic Policy?

Should Equity Be a Goal of Economic Policy? »

Series: Economic Issues

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 January 1999

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557757906.051

ISBN: 9781557757906

Keywords: fiscal affairs, income distribution, fiscal affairs department, expenditure policy, unskilled workers

Over the past decade, global output has grown by more than 3 percent a year and inflation has slowed in most regions. The fruits of this growthhave not been shared equally, however, and income disparities have grow...

The Security Factor in The Political Economy of Development

The Security Factor in The Political Economy of Development »

Volume/Issue: 1998/33

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Martin McGuire

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1998

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451979381.001

ISBN: 9781451979381

Keywords: Security, Economic Conflict, Wealth Distribution, Governance, Institutions of Development, military, taxation, army, military dictatorship, tax collection

A country’s judiciary, police, and security forces are essential to protect the State from external aggression. By virtue of the State’s monopoly of coercion, they maintain a stable legal framework an...

The Changing Role of the State in the Economy
			: A Historical Perspective

The Changing Role of the State in the Economy : A Historical Perspective »

Volume/Issue: 1997/114

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Vito Tanzi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1997

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451943450.001

ISBN: 9781451943450

Keywords: public sector, industrial countries, public spending, public finance, public interest

This paper discusses the role of the state from a historical perspective. It outlines how that role has changed over the past hundred years and discusses the forces that have promoted the changes. In the period bet...

Designing a Tax Administration Reform Strategy
			: Experiences and Guidelines

Designing a Tax Administration Reform Strategy : Experiences and Guidelines »

Volume/Issue: 1997/30

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Katherine Baer , and Carlos Silvani

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1997

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451980394.001

ISBN: 9781451980394

Keywords: tax administration, tax system, tax administration reform, tax collection, tax administrations

Building on previous FAD work in the tax administration field, this paper defines broad criteria for diagnosing the problems in a country’s tax administration and formulating an appropriate reform strategy....