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Does Import Competition Induce R&D Reallocation? Evidence from the U.S.

Does Import Competition Induce R&D Reallocation? Evidence from the U.S. »

Volume/Issue: 2017/253

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rui Xu , and Kaiji Gong

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 November 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484326008.001

ISBN: 9781484326008

Keywords: Western Hemisphere, Asia and Pacific, United States, Chinese Import Competition, R&D Expenditures, Reallocation, R&D Expenditures, Country and Industry Studies of Trade, Trade and Labor Market Interactions

We analyze the impact of rising import competition from China on U.S. innovative activities. Using Compustat data, we find that import competition induces R&D expenditures to be reallocated towards more productive...

Global Financial Stability Report, October 2016
			: Fostering Stability in a Low-Growth, Low-Rate Era

Global Financial Stability Report, October 2016 : Fostering Stability in a Low-Growth, Low-Rate Era »

Series: Global Financial Stability Report

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 October 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513559582.082

ISBN: 9781513559582

Keywords: Economic stability, Financial stability, Global Financial Stability Report, Global Financial Stability Risks, global financial stability, corporate leverage, nonbank financing, corporate governance, investor protection

The current report finds that short-term risks to global financial stability have abated since April 2016, but that medium-term risks continue to build. Financial institutions in advanced economies face a number of...

World Economic Outlook, April 2014
			: Recovery Strengthens, Remains Uneven

World Economic Outlook, April 2014 : Recovery Strengthens, Remains Uneven »

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 April 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484308349.081

ISBN: 9781484308349

Keywords: inflation, monetary policy, real interest rates, gdp growth, real rates

Global activity has broadly strengthened and is expected to improve further in 2014-15, according to the April 2014 WEO, with much of the impetus for growth coming from advanced economies. Although downside risks h...

Anchoring Growth
			: The Importance of Productivity-Enhancing Reforms in Emerging Market and Developing Economies

Anchoring Growth : The Importance of Productivity-Enhancing Reforms in Emerging Market and Developing Economies »

Volume/Issue: 2013/8

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Era Dabla-Norris , Giang Ho , Kalpana Kochhar , Annette Kyobe , and Robert Tchaidze

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 September 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781616357290.006

ISBN: 9781616357290

Keywords: Emerging markets, Developing countries, Economic growth, Agricultural sector, Fiscal reforms, Manufacturing sector, Labor markets, Labor productivity, Services sector, Total factor productivity

Fostering and sustaining robust economic growth is an imperative across advanced, emerging, and low-income countries alike. Countries will need to focus on supply-side reforms to raise their potential output and an...

The Global Financial Crisis
			: An Anatomy of Global Growth

The Global Financial Crisis : An Anatomy of Global Growth »

Volume/Issue: 2013/76

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Troy Matheson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 March 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484362013.001

ISBN: 9781484362013

Keywords: Growth Synchronization, global shocks, global financial crisis, idiosyncratic shocks, pre-crisis, Bayesian Analysis, Time-Series Models, International Policy Coordination and Transmission, Open Economy Macroeconomics,

The global financial crisis was a stark reminder of the importance of cross-country linkages in the global economy. We document growth synchronization across a diverse group of 185 countries covering 7 regions, and...

Accounting for Reserves

Accounting for Reserves »

Volume/Issue: 2012/302

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Tamim Bayoumi , and Christian Saborowski

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 December 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475535761.001

ISBN: 9781475535761

Keywords: Reserve accumulation, current account, capital account, current accounts, capital account liberalization, General,

Views on the effectiveness of sterilized reserve intervention vary. Sterilized intervention is generally seen as ineffective in advanced countries while persistent intervention by some emerging markets is often cit...

World Economic Outlook, October 2012
			: Coping with High Debt and Sluggish Growth

World Economic Outlook, October 2012 : Coping with High Debt and Sluggish Growth »

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 October 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781616353896.081

ISBN: 9781616353896

Keywords: Budget estimates, Adjustment process, Commodity prices, Debt reduction, Euro, public debt, fiscal consolidation, current account, inflation

The October 2012 World Economic Outlook (WEO) assesses the prospects for the global recovery in light of such risks as the ongoing euro area crisis and the "fiscal cliff" facing U.S. policymakers. Reducing the risk...

Policy Analysis and Forecasting in the  World Economy
			: A Panel Unobserved Components Approach

Policy Analysis and Forecasting in the World Economy : A Panel Unobserved Components Approach »

Volume/Issue: 2012/149

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Francis Vitek

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475504187.001

ISBN: 9781475504187

Keywords: Monetary policy analysis, Fiscal policy analysis, Spillover analysis, World economy, Panel unobserved components model, Bayesian econometrics, inflation, domestic demand, terms of trade, price inflation

This paper develops a structural macroeconometric model of the world economy, disaggregated into thirty five national economies. This panel unobserved components model features a monetary transmission mechanism, a...

Finance & Development, March 2012

Finance & Development, March 2012 »

Volume/Issue: 49/1

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 March 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451922141.022

ISBN: 9781451922141

Keywords: young people, world economy, monetary union, current account deficit, national security

Young people, hardest hit by the global economic downturn, are speaking out and demanding change. F&D looks at the need to urgently address the challenges facing youth and create opportunities for them. Harvard pro...

Low-Income Countries' BRIC Linkage
			: Are there Growth Spillovers?

Low-Income Countries' BRIC Linkage : Are there Growth Spillovers? »

Volume/Issue: 2011/267

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Issouf Samaké , and Yongzheng Yang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781463924669.001

ISBN: 9781463924669

Keywords: low-income countries, BRICs, Global VAR, Structural VAR, exporters, commodity prices, oil exporters, commodity exporters, oil prices, Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models: Time-Series Models

Trade and financial ties between low-income countries (LICs) and Brazil, Russia, India, and China (BRICs) have expanded rapidly in recent years. This gives rise to the potential for growth to spill over from the la...