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Does Import Competition Induce R&D Reallocation? Evidence from the U.S.

Does Import Competition Induce R&D Reallocation? Evidence from the U.S. »

Volume/Issue: 2017/253

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rui Xu , and Kaiji Gong

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 November 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484326008.001

ISBN: 9781484326008

Keywords: Western Hemisphere, Asia and Pacific, United States, Chinese Import Competition, R&D Expenditures, Reallocation, R&D Expenditures, Country and Industry Studies of Trade, Trade and Labor Market Interactions

We analyze the impact of rising import competition from China on U.S. innovative activities. Using Compustat data, we find that import competition induces R&D expenditures to be reallocated towards more productive...

The Fiscal Costs of Contingent Liabilities

The Fiscal Costs of Contingent Liabilities »

Volume/Issue: 2016/14

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Elva Bova , Marta Ruiz-Arranz , Frederik Toscani , and H. Elif Ture

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 February 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498303606.001

ISBN: 9781498303606

Keywords: Fiscal Crisis, General, All Countries,, Budget deficits, Public debt, Contingent liabilities

We construct the first comprehensive dataset of contingent liability realizations in advanced and emerging markets for the period 1990–2014. We find that contingent liability realizations are a major source of fisc...

If the Fed Acts, How Do You React? The Liftoff Effect on Capital Flows

If the Fed Acts, How Do You React? The Liftoff Effect on Capital Flows »

Volume/Issue: 2015/256

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Swarnali Ahmed

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 December 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498367196.001

ISBN: 9781498367196

Keywords: Fed liftoffs, policy responses, policy framework, emerging market economies, interest, market, portfolio, interest rate, Monetary Policy (Targets, Instruments

After more than six years of ultra-low interest rates, a Fed liftoff (rate hike) is just a matter of time. This paper goes back to history to understand the spillover effect - or what is termed in the paper as the...

IMF Financial Operations 2015

IMF Financial Operations 2015 »

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Finance Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 October 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513549897.071

ISBN: 9781513549897

Keywords: interest, lending, debt, reserve, income

IMF Financial Operations 2015 provides a broad introduction to how the IMF fulfills its mission through its financial activities. It covers the financial structure and operations of the IMF and also provides backgr...

Emerging Powers and Global Governance
			: Whither the IMF?

Emerging Powers and Global Governance : Whither the IMF? »

Volume/Issue: 2015/219

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rakesh Mohan , and Muneesh Kapur

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 October 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513557403.001

ISBN: 9781513557403

Keywords: Global Governance, quota, economy, economies, global economy, weight, International Monetary Arrangements and Institutions, International Institutional Arrangements,

The governance structure in global bodies like the IMF continues to be disproportionally dominated by advanced economies. Sustained rapid growth in emerging and developing economies (EDEs) in the past 2-3 decades h...

Monetary Policy Transmission in Emerging Asia
			: The Role of Banks and the Effects of Financial Globalization

Monetary Policy Transmission in Emerging Asia : The Role of Banks and the Effects of Financial Globalization »

Volume/Issue: 2015/207

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Nasha Ananchotikul , and Dulani Seneviratne

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 September 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513516233.001

ISBN: 9781513516233

Keywords: Monetary policy transmission, bank lending channel, financial globalization, bank, lending, credit, banking, General, Monetary Policy (Targets, Instruments

Given the heavy reliance on bank lending as the main source of financing in most Asian economies, banks could potentially play a pivotal role in monetary policy transmission. However, we find that Asia's bank lendi...

Reaping the Benefits from Global Value Chains

Reaping the Benefits from Global Value Chains »

Volume/Issue: 2015/204

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Kevin Cheng , Sidra Rehman , Dulani Seneviratne , and Shiny Zhang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 September 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513516738.001

ISBN: 9781513516738

Keywords: Global Value Chains, GVC, Economic Complexity, Growth, value, trade, value added, development, General, Globalization: General,

Against the backdrop of the rise of global value chains (GVCs), particularly in Asia, this paper documents key developments of GVCs and investigates what factors cause economies to reap greater benefits from GVC pa...

Inequality and Fiscal Policy

Inequality and Fiscal Policy »

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Ruud Mooij , Sanjeev Gupta , and Michael Keen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 September 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513567754.071

ISBN: 9781513567754

Keywords: income, tax, taxes, revenue, health

The sizeable increase in income inequality experienced in advanced economies and many parts of the world since the 1990s and the severe consequences of the global economic and financial crisis have brought distribu...

Capital Inflows, Credit Growth, and Financial Systems

Capital Inflows, Credit Growth, and Financial Systems »

Volume/Issue: 2015/193

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Deniz Igan , and Zhibo Tan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 August 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513581262.001

ISBN: 9781513581262

Keywords: Financial development, Financial structure, credit growth, financial system, Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy,

Exploiting a granular panel dataset that breaks down capital inflows into FDI, portfolio and other categories, and distinguishes between credit to the household sector and to the corporate sector, we investigate th...

Causes and Consequences of Income Inequality
			: A Global Perspective

Causes and Consequences of Income Inequality : A Global Perspective »

Volume/Issue: 2015/13

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Era Dabla-Norris , Kalpana Kochhar , Nujin Suphaphiphat , Frantisek Ricka , and Evridiki Tsounta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 June 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513555188.006

ISBN: 9781513555188

Keywords: Cross-country analysis, Inequality, Gini coefficient, income, income inequality, middle class, income share, Equity, Justice, and Other Normative Criteria and Measurement

This paper analyzes the extent of income inequality from a global perspective, its drivers, and what to do about it. The drivers of inequality vary widely amongst countries, with some common drivers being the skill...