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World Economic Outlook, April 2019

Growth Slowdown, Precarious Recovery

The global economic expansion decelerated in the second half of 2018 with global growth projected to slow to 3.3 percent in 2019, with risks to future growth on the downside.

World Economic Outlook, April 2019

Growth Slowdown, Precarious Recovery

The global economic expansion decelerated in the second half of 2018 with global growth projected to slow to 3.3 percent in 2019, with risks to future growth on the downside.

People's Republic of China-Hong Kong Special Administrative Region
			: 2019 Article IV Consultation Discussions-Press Release; Staff Report; Staff Statement and Statement by the Executive Director for the People's Republic of China-Hong Kong Special Administrative Region

People's Republic of China-Hong Kong Special Administrative Region : 2019 Article IV Consultation Discussions-Press Release; Staff Report; Staff Statement and Statement by the Executive Director for the People's Republic of China-Hong Kong Special Administrative Region »

Volume/Issue: 2019/394

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 December 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513524627.002

ISBN: 9781513524627

Keywords: Economic conditions, Financial statistics, External sector, National accounts, Economic indicators, ISCR, CR, HKMA, percent change, trade tension

This 2019 Article IV Consultation with People's Republic of China-Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (SAR) discusses that the economy is projected to start recovering next year, but the pace is expected to be...

China's Productivity Convergence and Growth Potential-A Stocktaking and Sectoral Approach

China's Productivity Convergence and Growth Potential-A Stocktaking and Sectoral Approach »

Volume/Issue: 2019/263

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Min Zhu , Longmei Zhang , and Daoju Peng

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 November 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513515359.001

ISBN: 9781513515359

Keywords: Economic theory, Economic reforms, Economic growth, Real sector, Financial crises, Potential Growth, China, Convergence, WP, productivity growth

China's growth potential has become a hotly debated topic as the economy has reached an income level susceptible to the 'middle-income trap' and financial vulnerabilities are mounting after years of rapid credit ex...

Is South Asia Ready for Take Off?
			: A Sustainable and Inclusive Growth Agenda

Is South Asia Ready for Take Off? : A Sustainable and Inclusive Growth Agenda »

Volume/Issue: 2019/18

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Manuela Goretti , Daisaku Kihara , Ranil Salgado , and Anne Gulde

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 November 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513507538.087

ISBN: 9781513507538

Keywords: Economic conditions, Financial crises, Economic growth, Supply and demand, Financial regulation and supervision, DPPP, reform effort, economic outlook, south Asia, demographic dividend

Since the mid-1980s, durable reforms coupled with prudent macroeconomic management have brought steady progress to the South Asia region, making it one of the world's fastest growing regions. Real GDP growth has st...

SME Financial Inclusion for Sustained Growth in the Middle East and Central Asia

SME Financial Inclusion for Sustained Growth in the Middle East and Central Asia »

Volume/Issue: 2019/209

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mishel Ghassibe , Maximiliano Appendino , and Samir Elsadek Mahmoudi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 September 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513509112.001

ISBN: 9781513509112

Keywords: Financial crises, Real sector, Financial inclusion, Labor productivity, Economic growth, Small and Medium Sized Enterprises, Economic Grow, WP, central Asia region, SMEs

This paper offers empirical evidence that greater financial inclusion of small and medium enterprises (SMEs) can promote higher economic growth and employment, especially in the Middle East and Central Asia regions...

E-commerce as a Potential New Engine for Growth in Asia

E-commerce as a Potential New Engine for Growth in Asia »

Volume/Issue: 2019/135

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Tidiane Kinda

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498317467.001

ISBN: 9781498317467

Keywords: Total factor productivity, Credit, Human capital, Development, Consumption, e-commerce, productivity, exports, factor productivity, TFP

The use of e-commerce around the world has accelerated in recent years, with Asia, led by China, spearheading the rise. Using cross-country enterprise survey data, this paper shows that firms engaged in e-commerce...

Promoting Inclusive Growth in the Caucasus and Central Asia

Promoting Inclusive Growth in the Caucasus and Central Asia »

Volume/Issue: 2019/9

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Mercedes Vera-Martín , Dominique Fayad , Sergejs Saksonovs , Wei Shi , and Fang Yang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 May 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498313353.087

ISBN: 9781498313353

Keywords: Central Asia and the Caucasus, Inclusive growth, Financial inclusion, Fiscal policy, Economic growth, Unemployment, Total factor productivity, Credit, Caucasus and Central Asia, CCA

CCA countries achieved gains in inclusiveness over the past 20 years as incomes increased and poverty, inequality, and unemployment declined. Most of the progress occurred before the 2008-09 global financial crisis...

Illuminating Economic Growth

Illuminating Economic Growth »

Volume/Issue: 2019/77

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Yingyao Hu , and Jiaxiong Yao

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 April 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498302944.001

ISBN: 9781498302944

Keywords: Low income countries, Economic growth, Development, Emerging markets, Technological innovation, Nighttime lights, measurement error, GDP per capita., real GDP, optimal weight

This paper seeks to illuminate the uncertainty in official GDP per capita measures using auxiliary data. Using satellite-recorded nighttime lights as an additional measurement of true GDP per capita, we provide a s...

Financial Deepening, Terms of Trade Shocks, and Growth Volatility in Low-Income Countries

Financial Deepening, Terms of Trade Shocks, and Growth Volatility in Low-Income Countries »

Volume/Issue: 2019/68

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Kangni Kpodar , Maelan Le Goff , and Raju Singh

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 March 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498303569.001

ISBN: 9781498303569

Keywords: Financial sector development, Economic stabilization, Real sector, International capital markets, Terms of trade, Banks, stock markets, terms of trade shocks, growth volatility, volatility

This paper contributes to the literature by looking at the possible relevance of the structure of the financial system-whether financial intermediation is performed through banks or markets-for macroeconomic volati...

Export Competitiveness - Fuel Price Nexus in Developing Countries: Real or False Concern?

Export Competitiveness - Fuel Price Nexus in Developing Countries: Real or False Concern? »

Volume/Issue: 2019/25

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Kangni Kpodar , Stefania Fabrizio , and Kodjovi Eklou

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 February 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484387771.001

ISBN: 9781484387771

Keywords: Oil prices, Demand elasticity, Gasoline prices, Cost of living, Energy prices, Retail fuel prices;Fuel Subsidies;Export growth;Developing countries.;fuel price increase;non-fuel;fuel price;price shock;energy price

This paper investigates the impact of domestic fuel price increases on export growth in a sample of 77 developing countries over the period 2000-2014. Using a fixed-effect estimator and the local projection approac...

Regional Economic Outlook, April 2016, Asia and Pacific
			: Building on Asia's Strengths during Turbulent Times

Regional Economic Outlook, April 2016, Asia and Pacific : Building on Asia's Strengths during Turbulent Times »

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): Ranil Salgado

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 May 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498350921.086

ISBN: 9781498350921

Keywords: Regional Economic Outlook, Consumption, Development, Supply and demand, Financial crises, Commodity markets, Economies, trade, income, prices

Although Asia remains a growth leader in the global economy, growth is expected to ease slightly to 5.5 percent during 2016, with countries affected to varying degrees by a still weak global recovery, slowing globa...