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Liquidity Choice and Misallocation of Credit

Liquidity Choice and Misallocation of Credit »

Volume/Issue: 2019/284

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ehsan Ebrahimy

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 December 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513521480.001

ISBN: 9781513521480

Keywords: Real sector, Negative interest rates, Positive interest rates, Interest rate increases, Interest rates, WP, financial development, competitive equilibrium, liquid equilibrium, Tirole

This paper studies a novel type of misallocation of credit between investments of varying liquidity. One type of investment is more liquid, i.e., its return is more pledgeable, and the other is more productive. Low...

Is Digitalization Driving Domestic Inflation?

Is Digitalization Driving Domestic Inflation? »

Volume/Issue: 2019/271

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Balazs Csonto , Yuxuan Huang , and Camilo Tovar Mora

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 December 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513519944.001

ISBN: 9781513519944

Keywords: Consumer price indexes, Nominal effective exchange rate, Price indexes, Purchasing power parity, Commodity price indexes, Inflation, Digitalization, IP Address, Internet., WP

This paper examines the extent to which digitalization-measured by a new proxy based on IP addresses allocations per country-has influenced inflation dynamics in a sample of 36 advanced and emerging economies over...

China's Productivity Convergence and Growth Potential-A Stocktaking and Sectoral Approach

China's Productivity Convergence and Growth Potential-A Stocktaking and Sectoral Approach »

Volume/Issue: 2019/263

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Min Zhu , Longmei Zhang , and Daoju Peng

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 November 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513515359.001

ISBN: 9781513515359

Keywords: Economic theory, Economic reforms, Economic growth, Real sector, Financial crises, Potential Growth, China, Convergence, WP, productivity growth

China's growth potential has become a hotly debated topic as the economy has reached an income level susceptible to the 'middle-income trap' and financial vulnerabilities are mounting after years of rapid credit ex...

Assessing Macro-Financial Risks of Household Debt in China

Assessing Macro-Financial Risks of Household Debt in China »

Volume/Issue: 2019/258

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Fei Han , Emilia Jurzyk , Wei Guo , Yun He , and Nadia Rendak

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 November 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513516073.001

ISBN: 9781513516073

Keywords: Financial crises, Fiscal sector, Real sector, Demographic indicators, National accounts, Household indebtedness, macro-financial risks, houshold survey, WP, consumption growth

High household indebtedness could constrain future consumption growth and increase financial stability risks. This paper uses household survey data to analyze both macroeconomic and finanical stability risks from t...

The Drivers, Implications and Outlook for China's Shrinking Current Account Surplus

The Drivers, Implications and Outlook for China's Shrinking Current Account Surplus »

Volume/Issue: 2019/244

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Pragyan Deb , Albe Gjonbalaj , and Swarnali Hannan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 November 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513516097.001

ISBN: 9781513516097

Keywords: Accounting, Aging, Assets, Balance of trade, Bank deposits, Bilateral trade, Bonds, Capital, Capital account, Capital flows

China's current account surplus has declined significantly from its peak in 2008 and the external position in 2018 was in line with medium-term fundamentals and desirable policies. While cyclical factors and expans...

Macroeconomic and Financial Policies for Climate Change Mitigation: A Review of the Literature

Macroeconomic and Financial Policies for Climate Change Mitigation: A Review of the Literature »

Volume/Issue: 2019/185

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Signe Krogstrup , and William Oman

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 September 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513511955.001

ISBN: 9781513511955

Keywords: Financial regulation and supervision, Financial crises, Central banking and monetary issues, Economic conditions, Financial management, climate change, fiscal policy, monetary policy, financial policy, policy framework

Climate change is one of the greatest challenges of this century. Mitigation requires a large-scale transition to a low-carbon economy. This paper provides an overview of the rapidly growing literature on the role...

Internal Capital Markets in Business Groups and the Propagation of Credit Supply Shocks

Internal Capital Markets in Business Groups and the Propagation of Credit Supply Shocks »

Volume/Issue: 2019/111

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Yu Shi , Robert Townsend , and Wu Zhu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 May 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498314411.001

ISBN: 9781498314411

Keywords: Interest rate ceilings, Supply and demand, Credit demand, Credit, Bank credit, Internal capital markets, business groups, bank lending, China, corporate shareholder

Using business registry data from China, we show that internal capital markets in business groups can propagate corporate shareholders' credit supply shocks to their subsidiaries. An average of 16.7% local bank cre...

Understanding Export Diversification: Key Drivers and Policy Implications

Understanding Export Diversification: Key Drivers and Policy Implications »

Volume/Issue: 2019/105

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rahul Giri , Saad Quayyum , and Rujun Yin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 May 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498313087.001

ISBN: 9781498313087

Keywords: Commodity markets, Commodity price fluctuations, Comparative advantage, Natural resources, International trade agreements, Diversification, Education, Trade, Natural Resource Rent, Commodity Exporter

We identify key factors, from large set of potential determinants, that explain the variation in export diversification across countries and over time using Bayesian Model Averaging (BMA), which addresses model unc...

Illuminating Economic Growth

Illuminating Economic Growth »

Volume/Issue: 2019/77

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Yingyao Hu , and Jiaxiong Yao

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 April 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498302944.001

ISBN: 9781498302944

Keywords: Low income countries, Economic growth, Development, Emerging markets, Technological innovation, Nighttime lights, measurement error, GDP per capita., real GDP, optimal weight

This paper seeks to illuminate the uncertainty in official GDP per capita measures using auxiliary data. Using satellite-recorded nighttime lights as an additional measurement of true GDP per capita, we provide a s...

Financial Deepening, Terms of Trade Shocks, and Growth Volatility in Low-Income Countries

Financial Deepening, Terms of Trade Shocks, and Growth Volatility in Low-Income Countries »

Volume/Issue: 2019/68

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Kangni Kpodar , Maelan Le Goff , and Raju Singh

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 March 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498303569.001

ISBN: 9781498303569

Keywords: Financial sector development, Economic stabilization, Real sector, International capital markets, Terms of trade, Banks, stock markets, terms of trade shocks, growth volatility, volatility

This paper contributes to the literature by looking at the possible relevance of the structure of the financial system-whether financial intermediation is performed through banks or markets-for macroeconomic volati...