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The Impact of Tradeon Wages
			: What If Countries Are Not Small?

The Impact of Tradeon Wages : What If Countries Are Not Small? »

Volume/Issue: 2006/155

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ichiro Tokutsu , and Mika Saito

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451864151.001

ISBN: 9781451864151

Keywords: wage, skilled labor, tariff rates, intermediate inputs, Neoclassical Models of Trade, Country and Industry Studies of Trade, Trade and Labor Market Interactions, Existence and Stability Conditions of Equilibrium,

This paper explores the effect of trade on the relative wage of less-skilled labor through its effect on world prices, which are typically exogenously given under the small open economy assumption. Using the 1995 i...

Mauritius
			: Staff Report for the 2004 Article IV Consultation

Mauritius : Staff Report for the 2004 Article IV Consultation »

Volume/Issue: 2005/281

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 August 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451827811.002

ISBN: 9781451827811

Keywords: debt, interest, interest rate, deficit, public sector

This 2004 Article IV Consultation highlights that real GDP growth of Mauritius is expected to rebound to about 41/2 percent in 2003/04. This largely reflects the recovery of tourism and sugar production, and contin...

Insurance Value of International Reserves
			: An Option Pricing Approach

Insurance Value of International Reserves : An Option Pricing Approach »

Volume/Issue: 2004/175

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jaewoo Lee

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2004

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451858785.001

ISBN: 9781451858785

Keywords: option, underlying asset, international reserves, reserve holding, external debt, currency crises, reserve holdings, Open Economy Macroeconomics,

A quantitative framework is developed to bring forward the insurance motive of holding international reserves. The insurance value of reserves is quantified as the market price of an equivalent option that provides...

The Impact of Intersectoral Labor Reallocationon Economic Growth

The Impact of Intersectoral Labor Reallocationon Economic Growth »

Volume/Issue: 2000/104

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Helene Poirson Ward

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2000

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451852752.001

ISBN: 9781451852752

Keywords: Growth, labor reallocation, labor efficiency, labor productivity, labor force, labor share

This study seeks to explain economic growth differences in an aggregate production function framework, where labor reallocation from agriculture to modern sectors influences labor efficiency growth. The econometric...

Exchange Market Pressure and Monetary Policy
			: Asia and Latin America in the 1990s

Exchange Market Pressure and Monetary Policy : Asia and Latin America in the 1990s »

Volume/Issue: 1999/114

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Evan Tanner

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 1999

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451853773.001

ISBN: 9781451853773

Keywords: Exchange Market Pressure, Domestic Credit, Exchange Rate, Vector Autoregression, monetary base, money supply, inflation, monetary fund

Exchange market pressure (EMP), the sum of exchange rate depreciation and reserve outflows (scaled by base money), summarizes the flow excess supply of money in a managed exchange rate regime. Examining Brazil, Chi...

Corporate Debt Restructuring in East Asia
			: Some Lessons from International Experience

Corporate Debt Restructuring in East Asia : Some Lessons from International Experience »

Volume/Issue: 1998/13

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Mark Stone

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 1998

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451968729.003

ISBN: 9781451968729

Keywords: Debt, Debt restructuring, Asia, Malaysia, Korea, Republic of, Indonesia, Thailand, East Asia, corporate debt, corporate restructuring

This paper summarizes some lessons from international experience for corporate debt restructuring in east Asia. Basic principles of debt restructuring are described, the experiences of Mexico, Chile, the United Kin...

Leading Indicators of Banking Crises
			: Was Asia Different?

Leading Indicators of Banking Crises : Was Asia Different? »

Volume/Issue: 1998/91

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 1998

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451951745.001

ISBN: 9781451951745

Keywords: Banking crises, leading indicators, East Asia, banking, banking system, banking sector, banking system distress

This paper examines episodes of the banking system distress and crisis in a large sample of countries. The empirical results identify several macroeconomic and financial variables as useful leading indicators. The...

Saving in Southeast Asia and Latin America Compared
			: Searching for Policy Lessons

Saving in Southeast Asia and Latin America Compared : Searching for Policy Lessons »

Volume/Issue: 1997/110

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Christian Thimann , and Anuradha Dayal-Gulati

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1997

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451853308.001

ISBN: 9781451853308

Keywords: Saving, Southeast Asia, Latin America, private saving, pension, dependency ratio, retirement, funded pension

This paper examines empirical determinants of private saving for a sample of economies in Southeast Asia and Latin America over the period 1975–95. It uses panel estimations to establish relationships betwee...

Current Account Sustainability
			: Selected East Asian and Latin American Experiences

Current Account Sustainability : Selected East Asian and Latin American Experiences »

Volume/Issue: 1996/110

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Assaf Razin , and Gian Milesi-Ferretti

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 1996

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451853292.001

ISBN: 9781451853292

Keywords: current account, current account deficits, capital inflows, external debt, capital flows

A number of developing countries have run large and persistent current account deficits in both the late seventies/early eighties and in the early nineties, raising the issue of whether these persistent imbalances...

Capital Flows in the APEC Region

Capital Flows in the APEC Region »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Carmen Reinhart , and Mohsin Khan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 October 1995

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557754660.084

ISBN: 9781557754660

Keywords: capital inflows, capital flows, bond, bonds, bond issues

The developing economies of the Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) have been the recipients of a considerable volume of capital inflows in the 1990s. Given the increased integration of capital markets, it is...