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The Drivers, Implications and Outlook for China's Shrinking Current Account Surplus1

The Drivers, Implications and Outlook for China's Shrinking Current Account Surplus1 »

Source: The Drivers, Implications and Outlook for China's Shrinking Current Account Surplus

Volume/Issue: 2019/244

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Pragyan Deb , Albe Gjonbalaj , and Swarnali Hannan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 November 2019

ISBN: 9781513516097

Keywords: Accounting, Aging, Assets, Balance of trade, Bank deposits, Bilateral trade, Bonds, Capital, Capital account, Capital flows

China's current account surplus has declined significantly from its peak in 2008 and the external position in 2018 was in line with medium-term fundamentals and desirable policies. While cyclical factors and expans...

The Drivers, Implications and Outlook for China's Shrinking Current Account Surplus

The Drivers, Implications and Outlook for China's Shrinking Current Account Surplus »

Volume/Issue: 2019/244

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Pragyan Deb , Albe Gjonbalaj , and Swarnali Hannan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 November 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513516097.001

ISBN: 9781513516097

Keywords: Accounting, Aging, Assets, Balance of trade, Bank deposits, Bilateral trade, Bonds, Capital, Capital account, Capital flows

China's current account surplus has declined significantly from its peak in 2008 and the external position in 2018 was in line with medium-term fundamentals and desirable policies. While cyclical factors and expans...

Understanding Export Diversification: Key Drivers and Policy Implications

Understanding Export Diversification: Key Drivers and Policy Implications »

Volume/Issue: 2019/105

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rahul Giri , Saad Quayyum , and Rujun Yin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 May 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498313087.001

ISBN: 9781498313087

Keywords: Commodity markets, Commodity price fluctuations, Comparative advantage, Natural resources, International trade agreements, Diversification, Education, Trade, Natural Resource Rent, Commodity Exporter

We identify key factors, from large set of potential determinants, that explain the variation in export diversification across countries and over time using Bayesian Model Averaging (BMA), which addresses model unc...

Understanding Export Diversification: Key Drivers and Policy Implications

Understanding Export Diversification: Key Drivers and Policy Implications »

Source: Understanding Export Diversification: Key Drivers and Policy Implications

Volume/Issue: 2019/105

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rahul Giri , Saad Quayyum , and Rujun Yin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 May 2019

ISBN: 9781498313087

Keywords: Commodity markets, Commodity price fluctuations, Comparative advantage, Natural resources, International trade agreements, Diversification, Education, Trade, Natural Resource Rent, Commodity Exporter

We identify key factors, from large set of potential determinants, that explain the variation in export diversification across countries and over time using Bayesian Model Averaging (BMA), which addresses model unc...

Separate Identification of the Chinese Renminbi in the COFER Survey

Separate Identification of the Chinese Renminbi in the COFER Survey »

Volume/Issue: 2016/012

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 February 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498345996.007

ISBN: 9781498345996

Keywords: Foreign exchange reserves, Reserve currencies, Freely usable currencies, International investment position, Monetary authorities, Balance of payments assistance, RMB, monetary authority, currency, executive board

Following the recent Executive Board decisions on the determination of the renminbi (RMB) as a freely usable currency, effective October 1, 2016, and its inclusion in the SDR basket on the same date, STA intends to...

Separate Identification of the Chinese Renminbi in the COFER Survey

Separate Identification of the Chinese Renminbi in the COFER Survey »

Source: Separate Identification of the Chinese Renminbi in the COFER Survey

Volume/Issue: 2016/012

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 February 2016

ISBN: 9781498345996

Keywords: Foreign exchange reserves, Reserve currencies, Freely usable currencies, International investment position, Monetary authorities, Balance of payments assistance, RMB, monetary authority, currency, executive board

Following the recent Executive Board decisions on the determination of the renminbi (RMB) as a freely usable currency, effective October 1, 2016, and its inclusion in the SDR basket on the same date, STA intends to...

Chapter 6. Attitudes toward the Role of the Family, the Individual, and the State in Providing Retirement Income: Survey Evidence from Emerging East Asia

Chapter 6. Attitudes toward the Role of the Family, the Individual, and the State in Providing Retirement Income: Survey Evidence from Emerging East Asia »

Source: Equitable and Sustainable Pensions : Challenges and Experience

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Frank Eich , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 March 2014

ISBN: 9781616359508

Keywords: pension, pensions, benefits, pension system, retirement age

Introduction As the world’s societies age, policymakers are trying to peer into the future and anticipate the retirement needs and preferences of tomorrow’s growing elderly populatio...

Chapter 13. Australian Pensions: An Equitable and Sustainable Arrangement in a Postcrisis World?

Chapter 13. Australian Pensions: An Equitable and Sustainable Arrangement in a Postcrisis World? »

Source: Equitable and Sustainable Pensions : Challenges and Experience

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Frank Eich , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 March 2014

ISBN: 9781616359508

Keywords: pension, pensions, benefits, pension system, retirement age

Introduction Australia has a classic three-pillar retirement system, comprising A government-financed public pension, called the Age Pe...

Chapter 14. Emerging Asia’s Public Pension Systems: Challenges and Reform Efforts

Chapter 14. Emerging Asia’s Public Pension Systems: Challenges and Reform Efforts »

Source: Equitable and Sustainable Pensions : Challenges and Experience

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Frank Eich , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 March 2014

ISBN: 9781616359508

Keywords: pension, pensions, benefits, pension system, retirement age

Introduction Providing economic security for the elderly may well be the single biggest social and economic challenge facing developing Asia (henceforth Asia) in the 21st century. Th...

Chapter 1. Equitable and Sustainable Pension Systems

Chapter 1. Equitable and Sustainable Pension Systems »

Source: Equitable and Sustainable Pensions : Challenges and Experience

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Frank Eich , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 March 2014

ISBN: 9781616359508

Keywords: pension, pensions, benefits, pension system, retirement age

Introduction Pension reform is high on the agenda of many advanced and emerging market economies, for many reasons. First, public pensions often constitute a large share of governmen...