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China's Evolving Exchange Rate Regime

China's Evolving Exchange Rate Regime »

Volume/Issue: 2019/50

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sonali Das

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 March 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498302029.001

ISBN: 9781498302029

Keywords: Exchange markets, Real effective exchange rates, Central banks, Exchange rate policy, Nominal effective exchange rate, reminbi, exchange rate, foreign exchange market, liquidity, RMB

China's exchange rate regime has undergone gradual reform since the move away from a fixed exchange rate in 2005. The renminbi has become more flexible over time but is still carefully managed, and depth and liquid...

Mobilization Effects of Multilateral Development Banks

Mobilization Effects of Multilateral Development Banks »

Volume/Issue: 2019/28

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Chiara Broccolini , Giulia Lotti , Alessandro Maffioli , Andrea Presbitero , and Rodolfo Stucchi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 February 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484393864.001

ISBN: 9781484393864

Keywords: Official development assistance, International bond markets, Sovereign credit ratings, International financial markets, Poverty reduction and development, Multilateral Development Banks;Private Capital Flows;Mobilization Effects;Catalytic Finance;Syndicated loans;syndicated loan;MDB;outcome variable;mobilization;bond issuance

We use loan-level data on syndicated lending to a large sample of developing countries between 1993 and 2017 to estimate the mobilization effects of multilateral development banks (MDBs), controlling for a large se...

Middle East and Central Asia
			: A Survey of Gender Budgeting Efforts

Middle East and Central Asia : A Survey of Gender Budgeting Efforts »

Volume/Issue: 2016/151

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Lisa Kolovich , and Sakina Shibuya

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 July 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475519983.001

ISBN: 9781475519983

Keywords: Gender budgeting; fiscal policy and administration; gender inequality; Middle East and Central Asia

Gender budgeting uses fiscal policies to promote gender equality and women's advancement, but is struggling to take hold in the Middle East and Central Asia. We provide an overview of two gender budgeting efforts i...

China's Slowdown and Global Financial Market Volatility
			: Is World Growth Losing Out?

China's Slowdown and Global Financial Market Volatility : Is World Growth Losing Out? »

Volume/Issue: 2016/63

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Paul Cashin , Kamiar Mohaddes , and Mehdi Raissi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513590455.001

ISBN: 9781513590455

Keywords: China&;amp;#x2019;s slowdown, global financial market volatility, international business cycle, Global VAR, volatility, market volatility, financial market, trade, global financial market, Time-Series Models

China's GDP growth slowdown and a surge in global financial market volatility could both adversely affect an already weak global economic recovery. To quantify the global macroeconomic consequences of these shocks,...

If the Fed Acts, How Do You React? The Liftoff Effect on Capital Flows

If the Fed Acts, How Do You React? The Liftoff Effect on Capital Flows »

Volume/Issue: 2015/256

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Swarnali Ahmed

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 December 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498367196.001

ISBN: 9781498367196

Keywords: Fed liftoffs, policy responses, policy framework, emerging market economies, interest, market, portfolio, interest rate, Monetary Policy (Targets, Instruments

After more than six years of ultra-low interest rates, a Fed liftoff (rate hike) is just a matter of time. This paper goes back to history to understand the spillover effect - or what is termed in the paper as the...

Capital Account Liberalization and Inequality

Capital Account Liberalization and Inequality »

Volume/Issue: 2015/243

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Davide Furceri , and Prakash Loungani

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 November 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513531083.001

ISBN: 9781513531083

Keywords: Inequality, Capital Account Openness, Crises, Institutions, capital account, liberalization, capital account liberalization, standard deviations, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development, All Countries

This paper examines the distributional impact of capital account liberalization. Using panel data for 149 countries from 1970 to 2010, we find that, on average, capital account liberalization reforms increase inequ...

Inflation Targeting and Exchange Rate Regimes in Emerging Markets

Inflation Targeting and Exchange Rate Regimes in Emerging Markets »

Volume/Issue: 2015/228

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Christian Ebeke , and Armand Fouejieu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 October 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513586267.001

ISBN: 9781513586267

Keywords: Inflation targeting, Exchange rate regime, Non-linearities, exchange rate, inflation, central bank, General, Globalization: General, All Countries,

This paper investigates the effects of the adoption of inflation targeting (IT) on the choice of exchange rate regime in emerging markets (EMs), conditional on certain macroeconomic conditions. Using a large sample...

Emerging Powers and Global Governance
			: Whither the IMF?

Emerging Powers and Global Governance : Whither the IMF? »

Volume/Issue: 2015/219

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rakesh Mohan , and Muneesh Kapur

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 October 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513557403.001

ISBN: 9781513557403

Keywords: Global Governance, quota, economy, economies, global economy, weight, International Monetary Arrangements and Institutions, International Institutional Arrangements,

The governance structure in global bodies like the IMF continues to be disproportionally dominated by advanced economies. Sustained rapid growth in emerging and developing economies (EDEs) in the past 2-3 decades h...

How to De-Dollarize Financial Systems in the Caucasus and Central Asia?

How to De-Dollarize Financial Systems in the Caucasus and Central Asia? »

Volume/Issue: 2015/203

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sami Ben Naceur , Amr Hosny , and Gregory Hadjian

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 September 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513507279.001

ISBN: 9781513507279

Keywords: financial dollarization, financial development, de-dollarization, exchange, exchange rate, currency, inflation, deposits, General,

Dollarization rates in the Caucasus and Central Asia (CCA) region are among the highest in the world, with adverse consequences for macroeconomic stability, monetary policy transmission, and financial sector develo...

A New Look at the Determinants of Growth in Asian Countries

A New Look at the Determinants of Growth in Asian Countries »

Volume/Issue: 2015/195

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Manuk Ghazanchyan , Janet Stotsky , and Qianqian Zhang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 September 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513524535.001

ISBN: 9781513524535

Keywords: growth, exchange rate, exchange rate regime, economies, currency, General, Open Economy Macroeconomics, Economic Growth of Open Economies, General, Asia including Middle East,

This study examines the drivers of growth in Asian countries, with focus on the role of investment, the exchange rate regime, financial risk, and capital account openness. We use a panel data set of a sample of Asi...