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Fiscal Vulnerabilities and Risks from Local Government Finance in China

Fiscal Vulnerabilities and Risks from Local Government Finance in China »

Volume/Issue: 2014/4

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Yuanyan Zhang , and Steven Barnett

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 January 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484349953.001

ISBN: 9781484349953

Keywords: Fiscal Vulnerabilities, Fiscal Risks, Local Government Finance, Land Finance, Gross Financing Needs, fiscal deficit, fiscal debt, fiscal data, fiscal activity, General,

China weathered the global financial crisis better than most, thanks to a large and timely stimulus. This stimulus, however, was mainly in the form of off-budget infrastructure spending and thus not visible in the...

Local Government Financing Platforms in China
			: A Fortune or Misfortune?

Local Government Financing Platforms in China : A Fortune or Misfortune? »

Volume/Issue: 2013/243

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Yinqiu Lu , and Tao Sun

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 December 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475599671.001

ISBN: 9781475599671

Keywords: local government, capital markets, local governments, local government borrowing, local government debt, local government revenue, General, and capital markets,

China's rapid credit expansion in 2009-10 brought local government financing platforms (LGFPs) into the spotlight. This paper discusses their function, reasons behind their recent expansion, and risks they are posi...

Public Expenditures on Social Programs and Household Consumption in China

Public Expenditures on Social Programs and Household Consumption in China »

Volume/Issue: 2010/69

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Emanuele Baldacci , Ding Ding , David Coady , Giovanni Callegari , Pietro Tommasino , Jaejoon Woo , and Manmohan Kumar

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451982138.001

ISBN: 9781451982138

Keywords: China, household savings, social expenditure, generational accounting, expenditures, household consumption, expenditure, social expenditures, consumption impact

This paper shows that increasing government social expenditures can make a substantive contribution to increasing household consumption in China. The paper first undertakes an empirical study of the relationship be...

The Cyclicality of Fiscal Policy in the Middle East and Central Asia
			: Is the Current Crisis Different?

The Cyclicality of Fiscal Policy in the Middle East and Central Asia : Is the Current Crisis Different? »

Volume/Issue: 2010/68

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451982121.001

ISBN: 9781451982121

Keywords: government spending, public debt, fiscal policy response, General Outlook and Conditions, Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents: General, National Government Expenditures and Related Policies: General, National Budget, Deficit, and Debt: General,

The countries of the Middle East and North Africa, and the Caucasus and Central Asia have the highest output volatility in the world. Fiscal policy is a powerful tool that can help dampen the business cycles. This...

Why are Saving Rates of Urban Households in China Rising?

Why are Saving Rates of Urban Households in China Rising? »

Volume/Issue: 2008/145

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Marcos Chamon , and Eswar Prasad

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451870039.001

ISBN: 9781451870039

Keywords: household savings, age and cohort profiles of savings, borrowing constraints, precautionary savings financial development, demographics, expenditures, income growth, consumption growth, health expenditures, disposable income,

From 1995 to 2005, the average urban household saving rate in China rose by 7 percentage points, to 1/4 of disposable income. We use household-level data to explain the postponing of consumption despite rapid incom...

Fiscal Coverage in the Countries of the Middle East and Central Asia
			: Current Situation and a Way Forward

Fiscal Coverage in the Countries of the Middle East and Central Asia : Current Situation and a Way Forward »

Volume/Issue: 2008/111

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Daria Zakharova

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451869712.001

ISBN: 9781451869712

Keywords: Fiscal coverage, public enterprises, fiscal risks, fiscal statistics, fiscal policy, fiscal accounts, Structure, Scope, and Performance of Government,

This paper reviews some broad principles of fiscal coverage, building on cross-country experience. It discusses the level of coverage that would be appropriate to conduct good quality fiscal analysis, while strikin...

Issues in Intergovernmental Fiscal Relations in China

Issues in Intergovernmental Fiscal Relations in China »

Volume/Issue: 2005/30

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Era Dabla-Norris

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451860498.001

ISBN: 9781451860498

Keywords: expenditure, expenditures, expenditure assignments, fiscal relations, intergovernmental fiscal, Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue: General,

The paper reviews the changing nature of intergovernmental fiscal relations between the provinces and the central government in China over the past two decades and provides an assessment of the success of previous...

On the Design and Effectiveness of Targeted Expenditure Programs

On the Design and Effectiveness of Targeted Expenditure Programs »

Volume/Issue: 2004/220

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ehtisham Ahmad , and Leonardo Martinez

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2004

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451875232.001

ISBN: 9781451875232

Keywords: Fiscal federalism, special purpose transfers, local government, local governments, local government officials, intergovernmental relations, State and Local Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue,

This paper argues that both horizontal and intertemporal competition among recipient governments are needed in order to ensure incentives for effective utilization of targeted transfers. This has implications for b...

Toward More Effective Redistribution
			: Reform Options for Intergovernmental Transfers in China

Toward More Effective Redistribution : Reform Options for Intergovernmental Transfers in China »

Volume/Issue: 2004/98

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2004

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451852172.001

ISBN: 9781451852172

Keywords: Intergovernmental Fiscal Relations, expenditure, expenditure needs, expenditures, total expenditure, tax effort

Full implementation of an intergovernmental transfer system based on revenue capacities and expenditure needs could significantly improve both redistribution and equity objectives of the Chinese authorities. This w...

On National or Supranational Objectives
			: Improving the Effectiveness of Targeted Expenditure Programs

On National or Supranational Objectives : Improving the Effectiveness of Targeted Expenditure Programs »

Volume/Issue: 2002/209

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ping Zhang , Eivind Tandberg , and Ehtisham Ahmad

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2002

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451874761.001

ISBN: 9781451874761

Keywords: incentive schemes, intergovernmental finance, provincial government, local governments, local government, decentralization, fiscal decentralization, National Government Expenditures And Related Policies,

Central governments or the international community at large are concerned about subnational service delivery. The design of targeted expenditure programs features frequently in central efforts to redistribute infra...