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Underlying Factors Driving Fiscal Effort in Emerging Market Economies

Underlying Factors Driving Fiscal Effort in Emerging Market Economies »

Volume/Issue: 2005/106

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Taimur Baig , and Abdul Abiad

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451861259.001

ISBN: 9781451861259

Keywords: fiscal effort, institutional variables, democratic accountability, fiscal adjustment, Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents: Other,

Using a panel dataset of 34 emerging market countries for the period 1990-2002, we examine the roles of various economic, political, and institutional variables in determining fiscal effort, as proxied by the prima...

IMF Staff Papers, Volume 48, Special Issue, Transition Economies, How Much Progress?

IMF Staff Papers, Volume 48, Special Issue, Transition Economies, How Much Progress? »

Volume: 48

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): Richard Haas , Oleh Havrylyshyn , and Ratna Sahay

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 April 2002

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589061262.024

ISBN: 9781589061262

Keywords: international monetary fund, macroeconomic stabilization, budget constraints, structural reform

...

Challenges in Expanding Development Assistance

Challenges in Expanding Development Assistance »

Volume/Issue: 2002/5

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Peter Heller , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2002

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451972788.003

ISBN: 9781451972788

Keywords: Absorptive capacity, Poverty, Foreign aid, ODA, international public goods, exchange rate, capita income, industrial countries, real exchange, public goods

This paper highlights the macro and microeconomic challenges associated with success of the effort to mobilize 0.7 percent of GNP for official development assistance (ODA). To promote achievement of the Millennium...

Cooption and Repression in the Soviet Union

Cooption and Repression in the Soviet Union »

Volume/Issue: 2000/201

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Hershel Grossman , and Dmitry Gershenson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2000

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451874341.001

ISBN: 9781451874341

Keywords: Cooption, Repression, Soviet Union, Communist Party, Nomenklatura, party membership, united nations, political repression, political power

The Soviet ruling elite, the nomenklatura, used both cooption and political repression to encourage loyalty to the communist regime. Loyalty was critical both in defusing internal opposition to the rule of the nome...

The Impact of Economic Securityon Bank Deposits and Investment

The Impact of Economic Securityon Bank Deposits and Investment »

Volume/Issue: 1998/98

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Michael Fabricius

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 1998

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451852110.001

ISBN: 9781451852110

Keywords: Economic Security, Institutions, Bank Deposits, institutional variables, correlation, explanatory power, institutional quality, standard deviation

This paper highlights the importance of institutions in explaining the variation of investment rates and of two measures of bank deposits across countries. A general index of economic security is created for 130 co...

Corruption, Governmental Activities, and Markets

Corruption, Governmental Activities, and Markets »

Volume/Issue: 1994/99

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Vito Tanzi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1994

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451852202.001

ISBN: 9781451852202

Keywords: civil servants, public choice, free press, public interest

Paper discusses the factors that contribute to the spread of corruption as well as the implications of corruption for markets and for public sector activities. It is argued that corruption can be contained mainly b...