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Inequality and Unsustainable Growth
			: Two Sides of the Same Coin?

Inequality and Unsustainable Growth : Two Sides of the Same Coin? »

Volume/Issue: 2011/8

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Jonathan Ostry , and Andrew Berg

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 April 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781463926564.006

ISBN: 9781463926564

Keywords: Cross country analysis, Developed countries, Economic growth, Emerging markets, Income distribution, Poverty reduction, sustainable growth, per capita income, external debt, external shocks

This note raises the IMF’s profile on a number of issues related to inequality, unemployment, governance, etc. It builds on earlier empirical work that examined correlations between growth downbreaks/duratio...

Redesigning the Contours of the Future Financial System

Redesigning the Contours of the Future Financial System »

Volume/Issue: 2010/10

Series: IMF Staff Position Notes

Author(s): Laura Kodres , and Aditya Narain

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 August 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781462388882.004

ISBN: 9781462388882

Keywords: Bank supervision, Banks, Financial instruments, Financial institutions, Risk management, Multilateral surveillance, Nonbank financial sector, Global Financial Crisis 2008-2009, Fund role, Crises

This paper explores the private- and public-sector responses to the crisis and some of the probable outcomes. Aside from improved supervision of individual institutions, greater emphasis needs to be put on financia...

Global Relative Poverty

Global Relative Poverty »

Volume/Issue: 2009/93

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Lynge Nielsen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451872408.001

ISBN: 9781451872408

Keywords: Relative poverty, global income inequality, poverty line, poverty analysis, official poverty,

The paper provides estimates of global relative poverty trends from 1970 onwards. Relative poverty is shown to have decreased significantly, but at the same time there has been a worsening poverty outcome among up...

Explaining China's Low Consumption
			: The Neglected Role of Household Income

Explaining China's Low Consumption : The Neglected Role of Household Income »

Volume/Issue: 2007/181

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jahangir Aziz , and Li Cui

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451867459.001

ISBN: 9781451867459

Keywords: Financing Constraints, Rebalancing Growth, employment growth, employment, household income, household survey, national accounts,

The Chinese government has recently focused on the need to increase consumption to rebalance the economy. A widely held view is that despite China's remarkably high growth, the share of consumption in total expendi...

When is Growth Pro-Poor? Cross-Country Evidence

When is Growth Pro-Poor? Cross-Country Evidence »

Volume/Issue: 2004/47

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Aart Kraay

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2004

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451846676.001

ISBN: 9781451846676

Keywords: growth, pro-poor growth, changes in poverty, pro-poor, distributional change, poverty line, Measurement and Analysis of Poverty, Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity: General,

Growth is pro-poor if the poverty measure of interest falls. This implies three potential sources of pro-poor growth: (a) a high rate of growth of average incomes; (b) a high sensitivity of poverty to growth in ave...

Mitigating the Social Costs of the Economic Crisis and the Reform Programs in Asia

Mitigating the Social Costs of the Economic Crisis and the Reform Programs in Asia »

Volume/Issue: 1998/7

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Marijn Verhoeven , Sanjeev Gupta , Gerd Schwartz , Calvin McDonald , Željko Bogetic , and Christian Schiller

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 1998

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451971408.003

ISBN: 9781451971408

Keywords: Asia, Financial crisis, Social policy, Poverty, social safety nets, social impact, unemployment, disability, price increases, safety nets

This paper presents a preliminary analysis of the likely social impact of the economic crisis and the reform programs in three Asian countries—Indonesia, Korea, and Thailand. The focus is on likely changes i...

Poverty Alleviation in a Financial Programming Framework
			: An Integrated Approach

Poverty Alleviation in a Financial Programming Framework : An Integrated Approach »

Volume/Issue: 1995/29

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sheetal Chand , and Parthasarathi Shome

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1995

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451844740.001

ISBN: 9781451844740

Keywords: poverty line, financial programming, balance of payments, financial programming model, poverty alleviation

Poverty alleviation is typically addressed in financial programming through additive programs that target vulnerable groups but without modifying the underlying stabilization and adjustment targets. Instead, this p...