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Chapter 3. Asia and Pacific

Chapter 3. Asia and Pacific »

Source: Fiscal Policies and Gender Equality

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 April 2018

ISBN: 9781513590363

Keywords: Gender equality, gender equality; gender budgeting; fiscal policies; tax spending

Despite Asia’s progress over the past several decades in closing gender gaps in education, health, economic, and political outcomes, women and girls continue to encounter barriers relative to men. Gender gap...

Chapter 6. Middle East and Central Asia

Chapter 6. Middle East and Central Asia »

Source: Fiscal Policies and Gender Equality

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 April 2018

ISBN: 9781513590363

Keywords: Gender equality, gender equality; gender budgeting; fiscal policies; tax spending

Gender budgeting is struggling to take hold in the Middle East and Central Asia and, despite recent progress in improving conditions for women and girls, gender inequality remains entrenched in most of the r...

Modernizing China
			: Investing in Soft Infrastructure

Modernizing China : Investing in Soft Infrastructure »

Series: Books

Author(s): W. Raphael Lam , Markus Rodlauer , and Alfred Schipke

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 April 2017

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475583625.071

ISBN: 9781475583625

Keywords: China, China, People's Republic of, Economic reforms, reforms, economic success, growth model, policy frameworks, markets, market economy, soft infrastructure

China is at a critical juncture in its economic transformation as it tries to rebalance what is generally seen as an exhausted growth model. A unifying theme across the reforms that will deliver this transformation...

Chapter 6. Tackling Gender Inequality in Asia

Chapter 6. Tackling Gender Inequality in Asia »

Source: Women, Work, and Economic Growth : Leveling the Playing Field

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 February 2017

ISBN: 9781513516103

Keywords: women, work, economy, gender inequality

A. JAPAN Chad Steinbe...

Part II: Experiences of Diversification in Asia and Latin America

Part II: Experiences of Diversification in Asia and Latin America »

Source: Breaking the Oil Spell : The Gulf Falcons' Path to Diversification

Series: Books

Author(s): Reda Cherif , Fuad Hasanov , and Min Zhu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 April 2016

ISBN: 9781513537863

Keywords: Export diversification, Nonoil sector, Oil exporting countries, Economic development, environment, development, oil, capital, industry, Gulf Falcons,

...

Chapter 21. A Path to Equitable Fiscal Consolidation in the Republic of Congo

Chapter 21. A Path to Equitable Fiscal Consolidation in the Republic of Congo »

Source: Inequality and Fiscal Policy

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Ruud Mooij , Sanjeev Gupta , and Michael Keen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 September 2015

ISBN: 9781513567754

Keywords: income, tax, taxes, revenue, health

Introduction This chapter addresses the issue of fiscal consolidation design in an oil-dependent country, the Republic of Congo, with a limited remaining lifetime of oil reserves and...

Chapter 13. Carbon Tax Burdens on Low-Income Households: A Reason for Delaying Climate Policy?

Chapter 13. Carbon Tax Burdens on Low-Income Households: A Reason for Delaying Climate Policy? »

Source: Inequality and Fiscal Policy

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Ruud Mooij , Sanjeev Gupta , and Michael Keen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 September 2015

ISBN: 9781513567754

Keywords: income, tax, taxes, revenue, health

Introduction Without strong measures to mitigate carbon dioxide (CO2) and other greenhouse gases, global temperatures are projected to rise by about 3–4°C over preindustrial levels b...

Chapter 15. Equity Considerations in the Design of Public Pension Systems

Chapter 15. Equity Considerations in the Design of Public Pension Systems »

Source: Inequality and Fiscal Policy

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Ruud Mooij , Sanjeev Gupta , and Michael Keen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 September 2015

ISBN: 9781513567754

Keywords: income, tax, taxes, revenue, health

Introduction Public pension systems are key instruments of social policy: they prevent poverty after retirement and limit the difference between pre- and postretirement consumption l...

Chapter 22. Fiscal Adjustment and Income Inequality in Brazilian States

Chapter 22. Fiscal Adjustment and Income Inequality in Brazilian States »

Source: Inequality and Fiscal Policy

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Ruud Mooij , Sanjeev Gupta , and Michael Keen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 September 2015

ISBN: 9781513567754

Keywords: income, tax, taxes, revenue, health

Introduction This chapter assesses the links between fiscal policy and income inequality in Brazil for the period 1995–2011 by combining fiscal data with household survey information...

Chapter 9. Fiscal Consolidation and Income Inequality

Chapter 9. Fiscal Consolidation and Income Inequality »

Source: Inequality and Fiscal Policy

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Ruud Mooij , Sanjeev Gupta , and Michael Keen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 September 2015

ISBN: 9781513567754

Keywords: income, tax, taxes, revenue, health

Introduction Fiscal adjustment, by its very nature, affects income inequality. It does so through the direct effect of tax increases and government spending cuts on disposable income...