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Financial Inclusion in Asia-Pacific

Financial Inclusion in Asia-Pacific »

Volume/Issue: 2018/17

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Elena Loukoianova , Yongzheng Yang , Si Guo , Leni Hunter , Sarwat Jahan , Fazurin Jamaludin , and Johanna Schauer

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 September 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484371015.087

ISBN: 9781484371015

Keywords: Financial inclusion, Financial institutions, Financial services industry, Poor, financial inclusion, macroeconomic policymaking, fintech, Asia, Asia Pacific, Pacific

Asia has made significant progress in financial inclusion, but both its across-country and intra-country disparities are among the highest in the world. The gaps between the rich and the poor, rural and urban popul...

Building Resilient Banking Sectors in the Caucasus and Central Asia

Building Resilient Banking Sectors in the Caucasus and Central Asia »

Volume/Issue: 2018/8

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Mercedes Vera Martin , Tarak Jardak , Robert Tchaidze , Juan Trevino , and Helen Wagner

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 July 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484360774.087

ISBN: 9781484360774

Keywords: Central Asia and the Caucasus, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyz Republic, Middle East, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Economic conditions

External shocks since 2014-lower oil prices and slower growth in key trading partners-have put financial sectors, mainly banks, in the eight Caucasus and Central Asia (CCA) countries under increased stress.  E...

Opening Up in the Caucasus and Central Asia
			: Policy Frameworks to Support Regional and Global Integration

Opening Up in the Caucasus and Central Asia : Policy Frameworks to Support Regional and Global Integration »

Volume/Issue: 2018/7

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Peter Kunzel , Phil De Imus , Edward Gemayel , Risto Herrala , Alexei Kireyev , and Farid Talishli

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 June 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484358177.087

ISBN: 9781484358177

Keywords: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Economic integration, Economic integration, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyz Republic, Middle East, Tajikistan, Trade liberalization

The Caucasus and Central Asia (CCA) countries are at an important juncture in their economic transition. Following significant economic progress during the 2000s, recent external shocks have revealed the underlying...

A Growth-Friendly Path for Building Fiscal Buffers in the Caucuses and Central Asia

A Growth-Friendly Path for Building Fiscal Buffers in the Caucuses and Central Asia »

Volume/Issue: 2018/6

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Edward Gemayel , Lorraine Ocampos , Matteo Ghilardi , and James Aylward

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 April 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484337165.087

ISBN: 9781484337165

Keywords: Growth acceleration, Uzbekistan, Afghanistan, Islamic Republic of, Iran, Islamic Republic of, Libyan Arab Jamahiriya, Syrian Arab Republic, Yemen, Republic of, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sudan

Since 2014, large and persistent external shocks have hit the CCA region, particularly a slump in global commodity prices and slower growth in its key economic partners. Fiscal accommodation, along with currency ad...

Public Wage Bills in the Middle East and Central Asia

Public Wage Bills in the Middle East and Central Asia »

Volume: 18

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Natalia Tamirisa , and Christoph Duenwald

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 January 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484336731.087

ISBN: 9781484336731

Keywords: Public sector, Public sector wages, Public employment, Public expenditure management, Public expenditures reform, Public services, Public employment systems, Public sector; Public sector wages; Public employment; Public expenditure management; Public expenditures reform; Public services; Public employment systems

Analysis of policies for managing public sector wage bills in the Middle East and Central Asia region. While some work has been done recently at the Fund on issues related to government employment and compensation,...

A Rebalancing Act for China and Africa
			: The Effects of China's Rebalancing on Sub-Saharan Africa's Trade and Growth

A Rebalancing Act for China and Africa : The Effects of China's Rebalancing on Sub-Saharan Africa's Trade and Growth »

Volume: 17

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. African Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 April 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475583434.087

ISBN: 9781475583434

Keywords: Economic growth, Trade, Trade policy, Trade relations, China, growth, sub-Saharan Africa, trade channel, Africa Rising

How does China's new growth model affect sub-Saharan Africa? To address this question, this paper first looks at the growing ties between China and Africa; attempts to estimate more precisely the impact on growth t...

China's Changing Trade and the Implications for the CLMV

China's Changing Trade and the Implications for the CLMV »

Volume: 16

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Koshy Mathai , Geoff Gottlieb , Gee Hee Hong , Sung Eun Jung , Jochen M. Schmittmann , and Jiangyan Yu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513544991.087

ISBN: 9781513544991

Keywords: Trade partners, Global trade, Trade flows, Trade patterns, trade,labor,clmv

China's trade patterns are evolving. While it started in light manufacturing and the assembly of more sophisticated products as part of global supply chains, China is now moving up the value chain, 'onshoring' the...

Exchange Rate Developments and Policies in the Caucasus and Central Asia

Exchange Rate Developments and Policies in the Caucasus and Central Asia »

Volume: 16

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Mark Horton , Hossein Samiei , Natan Epstein , and Kevin Ross

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 May 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513543031.087

ISBN: 9781513543031

Keywords: currency, central bank, inflation, monetary policy, central banks

Since late 2014, exchange rates (ERs) and ER regimes of the Caucasus and Central Asia (CCA) countries have come under strong pressure. This reflects the decline of oil and other commodity prices, weaker growth in R...

Avoiding the New Mediocre
			: Raising Long-Term Growth in the Middle East and Central Asia

Avoiding the New Mediocre : Raising Long-Term Growth in the Middle East and Central Asia »

Volume: 16

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Pritha Mitra , Amr Hosny , Gohar Minasyan , Mark Fischer , and Gohar Abajyan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 March 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513572710.087

ISBN: 9781513572710

Keywords: Middle East and Central Asia, Fiscal policy, environment, oil, productivity, growth, employment, long-term growth, capital, labor

Raising the Middle East and Central Asia's long-term growth prospects is critical for meeting the region's pressing need for jobs and higher living standards....

The Caucasus and Central Asia
			: Transitioning to Emerging Markets

The Caucasus and Central Asia : Transitioning to Emerging Markets »

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 April 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484305140.087

ISBN: 9781484305140

Keywords: Energy sector, Emerging markets, Financial sector, Economic growth, Bank supervision, Political economy, Fiscal reforms, Fiscal policy, Monetary policy, Middle East and Central Asia

The countries in the Caucasus and Central Asia (CCA) have recorded significant macroeconomic achievements since independence. These countries have grown more rapidly--on average by 7 percent over 1996-2011--than th...