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Chapter 13 China: Prolonged Reforms and the Weakening of Fiscal Control

Chapter 13 China: Prolonged Reforms and the Weakening of Fiscal Control »

Source: Transition to Market : Studies in Fiscal Reform

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 June 1993

ISBN: 9781557752758

Keywords: privatization, tax administration, tax system, taxation, tax reform

Starting in 1979, China has carried out wide-ranging economic reforms with the specific aim of accelerating the rate of output growth by increasing productivity and improving the al...

Credit Transactions by the Fund in SDRs

Credit Transactions by the Fund in SDRs »

Source: Thoughts on An international Monetary Fund Based Fully on the SDR

Series: Pamphlet Series

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1979

ISBN: 9781451946246

Keywords: reserve tranche, monetary fund, reserve tranche positions, reserve positions, balance of payments

It would seem unlikely that in order to provide this new facility for its members the Fund would have found it necessary to split itself into two Departments and to require each member to make a contribution...

Effects on Other Provisions

Effects on Other Provisions »

Source: Thoughts on An international Monetary Fund Based Fully on the SDR

Series: Pamphlet Series

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1979

ISBN: 9781451946246

Keywords: reserve tranche, monetary fund, reserve tranche positions, reserve positions, balance of payments

(a) No Need for Separate Departments If the credit activities of the Fund were run on an SDR basis, the present separation of the two Departments would no longer be necessary, or ind...

Emerging Markets in Transition

Emerging Markets in Transition »

Source: Emerging Markets in Transition : Growth Prospects and Challenges

Volume/Issue: 2014/6

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Luis Cubeddu , Alexander Culiuc , Ghada Fayad , Yuan Gao , Kalpana Kochhar , Annette Kyobe , Ceyda Oner , Roberto Perrelli , Sarah Sanya , Evridiki Tsounta , and Zhongxia Zhang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 June 2014

ISBN: 9781498327664

Keywords: Emerging markets, growth, potential growth, convergence, heterogeneity, structural reform, productivity, terms of trade, trading partners, commodity prices

After a short-lived slowdown in the immediate aftermath of the global financial crisis and a swift rebound, emerging markets (EM) are now entering a period of slower growth. In fact, growth is now lower than the po...

Exchange Rate Assessments
			: CGER Methodologies

Exchange Rate Assessments : CGER Methodologies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Jaewoo Lee , Jonathan Ostry , Alessandro Prati , Luca Ricci , and Gian Milesi-Ferretti

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 April 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589066380.084

ISBN: 9781589066380

Keywords: Exchange rates, Exchange rate assessments, current account, exchange rate, current account balance, real exchange rate

The rapid increase in international trade and financial integration over the past decade and the growing importance of emerging markets in world trade and GDP have inspired the IMF to place stronger emphasis on mul...

Back Matter

Back Matter »

Source: Exchange Rate Assessments : CGER Methodologies

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Jaewoo Lee , Jonathan Ostry , Alessandro Prati , Luca Ricci , and Gian Milesi-Ferretti

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 April 2008

ISBN: 9781589066380

Keywords: Exchange rates, Exchange rate assessments, current account, exchange rate, current account balance, real exchange rate

The rapid increase in international trade and financial integration over the past decade and the growing importance of emerging markets in world trade and GDP have inspired the IMF to place stronger emphasis on mul...

Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: Exchange Rate Assessments : CGER Methodologies

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Jaewoo Lee , Jonathan Ostry , Alessandro Prati , Luca Ricci , and Gian Milesi-Ferretti

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 April 2008

ISBN: 9781589066380

Keywords: Exchange rates, Exchange rate assessments, current account, exchange rate, current account balance, real exchange rate

The rapid increase in international trade and financial integration over the past decade and the growing importance of emerging markets in world trade and GDP have inspired the IMF to place stronger emphasis on mul...

General Department and Special Drawing Rights Department

General Department and Special Drawing Rights Department »

Source: Thoughts on An international Monetary Fund Based Fully on the SDR

Series: Pamphlet Series

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1979

ISBN: 9781451946246

Keywords: reserve tranche, monetary fund, reserve tranche positions, reserve positions, balance of payments

The two Departments in the Fund use radically different techniques to perform financial functions for members that are in many respects similar: both Departments enable a member in deficit to use financial r...

I Overview

I Overview »

Source: Exchange Rate Assessments : CGER Methodologies

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Jaewoo Lee , Jonathan Ostry , Alessandro Prati , Luca Ricci , and Gian Milesi-Ferretti

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 April 2008

ISBN: 9781589066380

Keywords: Exchange rates, Exchange rate assessments, current account, exchange rate, current account balance, real exchange rate

Exchange rate surveillance has always been at the core of the IMF’s responsibilities. Throughout its existence, the Fund has striven to strengthen its framework for assessing exchange rates, adapting it to u...

II Macroeconomic Balance Approach

II Macroeconomic Balance Approach »

Source: Exchange Rate Assessments : CGER Methodologies

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Jaewoo Lee , Jonathan Ostry , Alessandro Prati , Luca Ricci , and Gian Milesi-Ferretti

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 April 2008

ISBN: 9781589066380

Keywords: Exchange rates, Exchange rate assessments, current account, exchange rate, current account balance, real exchange rate

The macroeconomic balance approach to exchange rate assessments consists of three steps. First, an equilibrium relationship between current account balances and a set of fundamentals is estimated with panel...