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Financial Reform
			: What Shakes It? What Shapes It?

Financial Reform : What Shakes It? What Shapes It? »

Series: Economic Issues

Author(s): Ashoka Mody , and Abdul Abiad

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 July 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589063556.051

ISBN: 9781589063556

Keywords: Economic reforms, Financial sector, financial liberalization, financial reform, financial systems, banking crises

Financial sector liberalization was high on the agenda of policymakers during the last quarter of the twentieth century. But there were significant differences in the pace and scale of reform. This pamphlet examine...

Côte d'Ivoire
			: Enhanced Initiative for Heavily Indebted Poor Countries:  Decision Point Document

Côte d'Ivoire : Enhanced Initiative for Heavily Indebted Poor Countries: Decision Point Document »

Volume/Issue: 2009/190

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 June 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451807950.002

ISBN: 9781451807950

Keywords: debt relief, debt service, debt sustainability

This paper examines Côte d'Ivoire's debt sustainability analysis undertaken in connection with the Enhanced Initiative for Heavily Indebted Poor Countries. The crisis years led to a substantial increase in poverty...

Reaching the MDGs
			: An Action Plan for Trade

Reaching the MDGs : An Action Plan for Trade »

Volume/Issue: 2010/14

Series: IMF Staff Position Notes

Author(s): Brad McDonald , Rob Gregory , and Katrin Elborgh-Woytek

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455265343.004

ISBN: 9781455265343

Keywords: Exports, Export competitiveness, Emerging markets, Developed countries, Low-income developing countries, International trade, Millennium Development Goals, Trade integration, Tax reforms, Trade policy

The actions proposed here focus on trade integration, substantially increasing exports of the poorest countries and helping them to meet the Millennium Development Goals. As the foundation for these ambitions, we e...

Coordination of Monetary and Fiscal Policies

Coordination of Monetary and Fiscal Policies »

Volume/Issue: 1998/25

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1998

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451844238.001

ISBN: 9781451844238

Keywords: Coordination, central bank, debt management, public debt, public debt management

Recently, monetary authorities have increasingly focused on implementing policies to ensure price stability and strengthen central bank independence. Simultaneously, in the fiscal area, market development has allow...

Donor Competition for Aid Impact, and Aid Fragmentation

Donor Competition for Aid Impact, and Aid Fragmentation »

Volume/Issue: 2012/204

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Kurt Annen , and Luc Moers

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475505542.001

ISBN: 9781475505542

Keywords: Aid Effectiveness, Aid Fragmentation, Donor Competition, Donor Coordination, humanitarian aid, aid coordination, foreign investment, Analysis of Collective Decision-Making: General,

This paper shows that donors that maximize relative aid impact spread their budgets across many recipient countries in a unique Nash equilibrium, explaining aid fragmentation. This equilibrium may be inefficient ev...

Elements of Optimal Monetary Policy Committee Design

Elements of Optimal Monetary Policy Committee Design »

Volume/Issue: 2006/277

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jérôme Vandenbussche

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451865370.001

ISBN: 9781451865370

Keywords: collective decision making, inflation, central bank, monetary policy decisions, inflation targeting, Analysis Of Collective Decision-making, Monetary Policy, Central Banking, And The Supply Of Money And Credit,

The move from individual decision making to committee decision making is widely seen as a major evolution in contemporary central banking. This paper reviews the relevant economics and social psychology literatures...

Global Business Cycles
			: Convergence or Decoupling?

Global Business Cycles : Convergence or Decoupling? »

Volume/Issue: 2008/143

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ayhan Kose , Eswar Prasad , and Christopher Otrok

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451870015.001

ISBN: 9781451870015

Keywords: macroeconomic fluctuations, convergence, decoupling, business cycle, globalization period, business cycle fluctuations,

This paper analyzes the evolution of the degree of global cyclical interdependence over the period 1960-2005. We categorize the 106 countries in our sample into three groups-industrial countries, emerging markets,...

IMF Estimates of Potential Output
			: Theory and Practice

IMF Estimates of Potential Output : Theory and Practice »

Volume/Issue: 1997/177

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Paula De Masi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1997

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451974980.001

ISBN: 9781451974980

Keywords: potential output, output gap, total factor productivity, industrial countries, growth rates, real gdp, growth rate

The concepts of potential output and the output gap are central to the IMF’s analytical work in providing policy recommendations to member governments. This key role has stimulated research at the IMF to dev...

Improving the Estimation Methodology of Monthly Data in Direction of Trade Statistics

Improving the Estimation Methodology of Monthly Data in Direction of Trade Statistics »

Volume/Issue: 1994/142

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Xiaoning Gong

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1994

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451927467.001

ISBN: 9781451927467

Keywords: world trade, trade data, trade partners, trade figures, trade partner

The quality of the estimated data in DOTS depends on the availability and accuracy of direction of trade reports and the estimation methodology. Because of the low coverage of monthly reporting, the estimating proc...

Monetary Policy Analysis and Forecasting in the Group of Twenty
			: A Panel Unobserved Components Approach

Monetary Policy Analysis and Forecasting in the Group of Twenty : A Panel Unobserved Components Approach »

Volume/Issue: 2010/152

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Francis Vitek

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455201358.001

ISBN: 9781455201358

Keywords: Monetary policy analysis, Panel unobserved components model, Bayesian conditioning on judgment, inflation, monetary conditions, nominal interest rate, Bayesian Analysis, Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models: Models with Panel Data, Model Construction and Estimation, Forecasting and Other Model Applications

This paper develops a panel unobserved components model of the monetary transmission mechanism in the world economy, disaggregated into twenty national economies along the lines of the Group of Twenty. This structu...