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Euro Area Policies
			: Staff Report

Euro Area Policies : Staff Report »

Volume/Issue: 2005/265

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 August 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451813012.002

ISBN: 9781451813012

Keywords: interest rates, structural reforms, economic outlook

This paper focuses on euro area policies. The monetary policy stance remains appropriate for now. Fiscal policies are falling well short of consolidation requirements, and the area remains insufficiently prepared f...

Russian Federation
			: Report on the Observance of Standards and Codes-Fiscal Transparency Module

Russian Federation : Report on the Observance of Standards and Codes-Fiscal Transparency Module »

Volume/Issue: 2004/288

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 September 2004

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451833058.002

ISBN: 9781451833058

Keywords: budget law, budget code, budget execution, annual budget

This report on the Russian Federation's Observance of Standards and Codes reports on the fiscal transparency module. Russia has achieved considerable progress in fiscal transparency and financial management since 1...

São Tomé and Príncipe
			: Staff Report for the 1999 Article IV Consultation and Request for an Arrangement Under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility

São Tomé and Príncipe : Staff Report for the 1999 Article IV Consultation and Request for an Arrangement Under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility »

Volume/Issue: 2000/66

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 May 2000

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451834994.002

ISBN: 9781451834994

Keywords: debt, central bank, budget, article, external debt, Sao Tome and Principe,

In the fiscal area, the primary budget balance of São Tomé and Príncipe has turned around from a deficit of 2.2 percent of GDP in 1997 to a surplus of 0.7 percent of GDP in 1998 (Dobra 1.9 billion). The primary sur...

Sao Tome and Principe
			: Statistical Appendix

Sao Tome and Principe : Statistical Appendix »

Volume/Issue: 2002/31

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 February 2002

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451835007.002

ISBN: 9781451835007

Keywords: expenditure, central bank, debt relief, external debt, expenditures

In recent years, the IMF has released a growing number of reports and other documents covering economic and financial developments and trends in member countries. Each report, prepared by a staff team after discuss...

An Evaluation of the World Economic Outlook Forecasts

An Evaluation of the World Economic Outlook Forecasts »

Volume/Issue: 2006/59

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Allan Timmermann

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451863192.001

ISBN: 9781451863192

Keywords: Global economic condition, forecast performance, and evaluation, inflation, statistics, correlation, inflation forecasts, General Aggregative Models: Forecasting and Simulation, Prices, Business Fluctuations

The World Economic Outlook (WEO) is a key source of forecasts of global economic conditions. It is therefore important to review the performance of these forecasts against both actual outcomes and alternative forec...

Balance Sheet Strength and Bank Lending During the Global Financial Crisis

Balance Sheet Strength and Bank Lending During the Global Financial Crisis »

Volume/Issue: 2013/102

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Tümer Kapan , and Camelia Minoiu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 May 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484315842.001

ISBN: 9781484315842

Keywords: bank lending channel, wholesale funding, net stable funding ratio, Basel III, bank capital, banking, return on assets, liquid asset, bank balance sheet, Government Policy and Regulation,

We examine the role of bank balance sheet strength in the transmission of financial sector shocks to the real economy. Using data from the syndicated loan market, we exploit variation in banks’ reliance on w...

Corruption, Governmental Activities, and Markets

Corruption, Governmental Activities, and Markets »

Volume/Issue: 1994/99

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Vito Tanzi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1994

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451852202.001

ISBN: 9781451852202

Keywords: civil servants, public choice, free press, public interest

Paper discusses the factors that contribute to the spread of corruption as well as the implications of corruption for markets and for public sector activities. It is argued that corruption can be contained mainly b...

External Imbalances in the Euro Area

External Imbalances in the Euro Area »

Volume/Issue: 2012/236

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ruo Chen , Gian Milesi-Ferretti , and Thierry Tressel

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 September 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475524673.001

ISBN: 9781475524673

Keywords: euro area, external imbalances, financial integration, terms of trade shocks, trading partner, trading partners, trade shocks, commodity exporters, domestic demand, Institutions and the Macroeconomy

The paper examines the extent to which current account imbalances of euro area countries are related to intra-euro area factors and to external trade shocks. We argue that the traditional explanations for the risin...

Measuring Oil-Price Shocks Using Market-Based Information

Measuring Oil-Price Shocks Using Market-Based Information »

Volume/Issue: 2012/19

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Tao Wu , and Michele Cavallo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781463931810.001

ISBN: 9781463931810

Keywords: Oil Shocks, Market-Based Information, VAR Identification, oil market, opec, equation, oil demand, Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models: Time-Series Models, Methodology for Collecting, Estimating

We study the effects of oil-price shocks on the U.S. economy combining narrative and quantitative approaches. After examining daily oil-related events since 1984, we classify them into various event types. We then...

Protecting Bank Deposits

Protecting Bank Deposits »

Series: Economic Issues

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 August 1997

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557756428.051

ISBN: 9781557756428

Keywords: deposit insurance, banking, banking system, bank managers, insurance system

Banking crises have led many countries to consider deposit insuranceschemes to protect depositors and the banking system itself from the impact of bank failures. But should society be unconditionally responsible fo...