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CHAPTER 5: Conceptual Framework for Classifying Health Systems

CHAPTER 5: Conceptual Framework for Classifying Health Systems »

Source: What Macroeconomists Should Know about Health Care Policy

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Peter Heller , and William Hsiao

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 April 2007

ISBN: 9781589066182

Keywords: Health care, public health, health services, health policy, health expenditure

Like other socioeconomic systems, a health system is structured by state action or inaction to serve certain social purposes. A state makes conscious decisions in structuring the system to achieve certain ob...

CHAPTER 3: Facts and Myths about Health Care and the Health Sector

CHAPTER 3: Facts and Myths about Health Care and the Health Sector »

Source: What Macroeconomists Should Know about Health Care Policy

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Peter Heller , and William Hsiao

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 April 2007

ISBN: 9781589066182

Keywords: Health care, public health, health services, health policy, health expenditure

A. Basic Facts about the Health Sector Certain basic facts about the health sector and health care are not widely known. This section explains what macroeconomists should know on thi...

CHAPTER 4: Health Policy Challenges and Issues Confronting Nations

CHAPTER 4: Health Policy Challenges and Issues Confronting Nations »

Source: What Macroeconomists Should Know about Health Care Policy

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Peter Heller , and William Hsiao

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 April 2007

ISBN: 9781589066182

Keywords: Health care, public health, health services, health policy, health expenditure

Although specific issues confront nations at different stages of development, several issues confront all nations throughout the world. We first present the universal issues, then the ones for each stage....

CHAPTER 1: Introduction and Guide to the Primer

CHAPTER 1: Introduction and Guide to the Primer »

Source: What Macroeconomists Should Know about Health Care Policy

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Peter Heller , and William Hsiao

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 April 2007

ISBN: 9781589066182

Keywords: Health care, public health, health services, health policy, health expenditure

A. The Need for a Guide for Macroeconomists Whether working on a low-income country or an advanced economy, it is important that macroeconomists be aware of issues in health economic...

CHAPTER 6: Stages of Health System Development and Health System Performance

CHAPTER 6: Stages of Health System Development and Health System Performance »

Source: What Macroeconomists Should Know about Health Care Policy

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Peter Heller , and William Hsiao

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 April 2007

ISBN: 9781589066182

Keywords: Health care, public health, health services, health policy, health expenditure

A. Characterizing Different Stages of Health System Development This chapter presents an analytical framework to help macroeconomists understand health systems and assess health poli...

CHAPTER 7: What Role Can Macroeconomists Play?

CHAPTER 7: What Role Can Macroeconomists Play? »

Source: What Macroeconomists Should Know about Health Care Policy

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Peter Heller , and William Hsiao

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 April 2007

ISBN: 9781589066182

Keywords: Health care, public health, health services, health policy, health expenditure

A. Low- and Lower-Middle-Income Countries The CMH was initiated by the WHO as a means of providing an evidence base for economic and financial policymakers in low-income countries on...

CHAPTER 2: Why Is It Critical for Macroeconomists to Understand Health Issues?

CHAPTER 2: Why Is It Critical for Macroeconomists to Understand Health Issues? »

Source: What Macroeconomists Should Know about Health Care Policy

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Peter Heller , and William Hsiao

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 April 2007

ISBN: 9781589066182

Keywords: Health care, public health, health services, health policy, health expenditure

As a general rule, issues of health care policy have not generally been seen as the domain of macroeconomists. Only in recent years, with the report of the World Health Organization’s (WHO) Commission on Mac...

Designing a Tax Administration Reform Strategy

Designing a Tax Administration Reform Strategy »

Source: Designing a Tax Administration Reform Strategy : Experiences and Guidelines

Volume/Issue: 1997/30

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Katherine Baer , and Carlos Silvani

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1997

ISBN: 9781451980394

Keywords: tax administration, tax system, tax administration reform, tax collection, tax administrations

Building on previous FAD work in the tax administration field, this paper defines broad criteria for diagnosing the problems in a country’s tax administration and formulating an appropriate reform strategy....

3 Empirical Analysis of the Current Account1

3 Empirical Analysis of the Current Account1 »

Source: External Performance in Low-Income Countries

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Alessandro Prati , Luca Ricci , Lone Engbo Christiansen , Stephen Tokarick , and Thierry Tressel

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 2011

ISBN: 9781616350536

Keywords: External sector, Low-income developing countries, Real effective exchange rates, exchange rate, current account, real exchange rate, foreign assets, net foreign assets

This chapter analyzes the medium-term relationship between the current account and a set of fundamentals. Following the existing literature, the estimations consist of ordinary least squares or fixed-effect...

5 Empirical Analysis of the Net Foreign Assets Position1

5 Empirical Analysis of the Net Foreign Assets Position1 »

Source: External Performance in Low-Income Countries

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Alessandro Prati , Luca Ricci , Lone Engbo Christiansen , Stephen Tokarick , and Thierry Tressel

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 2011

ISBN: 9781616350536

Keywords: External sector, Low-income developing countries, Real effective exchange rates, exchange rate, current account, real exchange rate, foreign assets, net foreign assets

This chapter empirically investigates the net foreign assets position of low-income countries. The estimation relies on an unbalanced panel of annual data covering 1980–2006. As with the real exchange rate,...