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Financial Inclusion in Asia-Pacific

Financial Inclusion in Asia-Pacific »

Volume/Issue: 2018/17

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Elena Loukoianova , Yongzheng Yang , Si Guo , Leni Hunter , Sarwat Jahan , Fazurin Jamaludin , and Johanna Schauer

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 September 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484371015.087

ISBN: 9781484371015

Keywords: Financial inclusion, Financial institutions, Financial services industry, Poor, financial inclusion, macroeconomic policymaking, fintech, Asia, Asia Pacific, Pacific

Asia has made significant progress in financial inclusion, but both its across-country and intra-country disparities are among the highest in the world. The gaps between the rich and the poor, rural and urban popul...

Current Account Sustainability
			: Selected East Asian and Latin American Experiences

Current Account Sustainability : Selected East Asian and Latin American Experiences »

Volume/Issue: 1996/110

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Assaf Razin , and Gian Milesi-Ferretti

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 1996

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451853292.001

ISBN: 9781451853292

Keywords: current account, current account deficits, capital inflows, external debt, capital flows

A number of developing countries have run large and persistent current account deficits in both the late seventies/early eighties and in the early nineties, raising the issue of whether these persistent imbalances...

Insurance Value of International Reserves
			: An Option Pricing Approach

Insurance Value of International Reserves : An Option Pricing Approach »

Volume/Issue: 2004/175

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jaewoo Lee

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2004

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451858785.001

ISBN: 9781451858785

Keywords: option, underlying asset, international reserves, reserve holding, external debt, currency crises, reserve holdings, Open Economy Macroeconomics,

A quantitative framework is developed to bring forward the insurance motive of holding international reserves. The insurance value of reserves is quantified as the market price of an equivalent option that provides...

Poverty Alleviation in a Financial Programming Framework
			: An Integrated Approach

Poverty Alleviation in a Financial Programming Framework : An Integrated Approach »

Volume/Issue: 1995/29

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sheetal Chand , and Parthasarathi Shome

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1995

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451844740.001

ISBN: 9781451844740

Keywords: poverty line, financial programming, balance of payments, financial programming model, poverty alleviation

Poverty alleviation is typically addressed in financial programming through additive programs that target vulnerable groups but without modifying the underlying stabilization and adjustment targets. Instead, this p...

Spillovers from China's Growth Slowdown and Rebalancing to the ASEAN-5 Economies

Spillovers from China's Growth Slowdown and Rebalancing to the ASEAN-5 Economies »

Volume/Issue: 2016/170

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Allan Dizioli , Jaime Guajardo , Vladimir Klyuev , Rui Mano , and Mehdi Raissi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 August 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475524260.001

ISBN: 9781475524260

Keywords: China’;s slowdown and rebalancing, international business cycle, spillovers, Global VAR, Flexible System of Global Models (FSGM), ASEAN-5.

After many years of rapid expansion, China's growth is slowing to more sustainable levels and is rebalancing, with consumption becoming the main growth driver. This transition is likely to have negative effects on...

The Impact of Tradeon Wages
			: What If Countries Are Not Small?

The Impact of Tradeon Wages : What If Countries Are Not Small? »

Volume/Issue: 2006/155

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ichiro Tokutsu , and Mika Saito

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451864151.001

ISBN: 9781451864151

Keywords: wage, skilled labor, tariff rates, intermediate inputs, Neoclassical Models of Trade, Country and Industry Studies of Trade, Trade and Labor Market Interactions, Existence and Stability Conditions of Equilibrium,

This paper explores the effect of trade on the relative wage of less-skilled labor through its effect on world prices, which are typically exogenously given under the small open economy assumption. Using the 1995 i...

When China Sneezes Does ASEAN Catch a Cold?

When China Sneezes Does ASEAN Catch a Cold? »

Volume/Issue: 2016/214

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sohrab Rafiq

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 November 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475552607.001

ISBN: 9781475552607

Keywords: Cambodia, Cambodia, China, Cross country analysis, Association of Southeast Asian Nations, Emerging markets, Economic integration, Economic growth, Philippines, Indonesia

This paper looks at the effects of a China slowdown on Emerging Market Economies (Indonesia, Malaysia, and Thailand) and Frontier Developing Economies (Cambodia, Lao P.D.R., and Vietnam) in ASEAN. The main finding...