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Deflation
			: Determinants, Risks, and Policy Options

Deflation : Determinants, Risks, and Policy Options »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Taimur Baig , Jörg Decressin , Tarhan Feyzioglu , Manmohan Kumar , and Chris Faulkner-MacDonagh

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 June 2003

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589062276.084

ISBN: 9781589062276

Keywords: inflation, monetary policy, aggregate demand, money supply, low inflation

Deflation can be costly and difficult to anticipate, and concerns of a generalized decline in prices in both industrial and emerging market economies have increased recently. This paper investigates the causes and...

Exchange Rate Assessments
			: CGER Methodologies

Exchange Rate Assessments : CGER Methodologies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Jaewoo Lee , Jonathan Ostry , Alessandro Prati , Luca Ricci , and Gian Milesi-Ferretti

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 April 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589066380.084

ISBN: 9781589066380

Keywords: Exchange rates, Exchange rate assessments, current account, exchange rate, current account balance, real exchange rate

The rapid increase in international trade and financial integration over the past decade and the growing importance of emerging markets in world trade and GDP have inspired the IMF to place stronger emphasis on mul...

External Performance in Low-Income Countries

External Performance in Low-Income Countries »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Alessandro Prati , Luca Ricci , Lone Engbo Christiansen , Stephen Tokarick , and Thierry Tressel

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781616350536.084

ISBN: 9781616350536

Keywords: External sector, Low-income developing countries, Real effective exchange rates, exchange rate, current account, real exchange rate, foreign assets, net foreign assets

Assessments of exchange rate misalignments and external imbalances for low-income countries are challenging because methodologies developed for advanced and emerging economies cannot be automatically applied to poo...

Finance & Development, December 1972

Finance & Development, December 1972 »

Volume/Issue: 9/4

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1972

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781616353100.022

ISBN: 9781616353100

Keywords: pollution, population growth, population problem, demographers, world population

This paper describes what the limits to growth are. The paper highlights that many critical variables in global society-particularly population and industrial production-have been growing at a constant percentage r...

Finance & Development, December 1985

Finance & Development, December 1985 »

Volume/Issue: 22/4

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1985

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781616353636.022

ISBN: 9781616353636

Keywords: exchange, exchange rate, exchange rates, finance, balance of payments

This paper elaborates the introduction of surveillance that gave the IMF broader responsibilities with respect to oversight of its members' policies than existed under the par value system. The IMF's purview has be...

Finance & Development, March 2008

Finance & Development, March 2008 »

Volume/Issue: 45/1

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 April 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451922349.022

ISBN: 9781451922349

Keywords: climate change, emissions, crude oil, opec, oil prices

Commodity Boom: How Long Will It Last?" asks how economies will fare after the record-high prices of key raw materials posted in recent months, which build on dramatic increases from their lows of 2000. The lead ar...

Global Financial Stability Report, April 2008
			: Containing Systemic Risks and Restoring Financial Soundness

Global Financial Stability Report, April 2008 : Containing Systemic Risks and Restoring Financial Soundness »

Series: Global Financial Stability Report

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 April 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589067202.082

ISBN: 9781589067202

Keywords: credit, financial institutions, financial stability, prices, collateral

The events of the past six months have demonstrated the fragility of the global financial system and raised fundamental questions about the effectiveness of the response by private and public sector institutions. T...

Global Financial Stability Report, April 2007
			: Market Developments and Issues

Global Financial Stability Report, April 2007 : Market Developments and Issues »

Series: Global Financial Stability Report

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 April 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589066373.082

ISBN: 9781589066373

Keywords: hedge funds, hedge, financial stability, bond, banking

Published twice yearly, the Global Financial Stability Report (GFSR) was created to provide a more frequent assessment of global financial markets by the IMF and to address emerging market financing in a global con...

Global Financial Stability Report, April 2005
			: Market Developments and Issues

Global Financial Stability Report, April 2005 : Market Developments and Issues »

Series: Global Financial Stability Report

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 April 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589064188.082

ISBN: 9781589064188

Keywords: pension, bond, bonds, investors, hedge

The Global Financial Stability Report (GFSR) provides expert and up-to-date analysis of global capital flows that play a critical role in world economic growth and Financial stability. The report focuses on current...

Global Financial Stability Report, April 2010
			: Meeting New Challenges to Stability and Building a Safer System

Global Financial Stability Report, April 2010 : Meeting New Challenges to Stability and Building a Safer System »

Series: Global Financial Stability Report

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 May 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589069169.082

ISBN: 9781589069169

Keywords: loans, capital inflows, interest, debt, financial stability

Risks to global financial stability have eased as the economic recovery has gained steam. But policies are needed to reduce sovereign vulnerabilities, ensure a smooth deleveraging process, and complete the regulato...