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Can Higher Reserves Help Reduce Exchange Rate Volatility?

Can Higher Reserves Help Reduce Exchange Rate Volatility? »

Source: Can Higher Reserves Help Reduce Exchange Rate Volatility?

Volume/Issue: 2004/189

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): M. Nowak , Ketil Hviding , and Luca Ricci

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2004

ISBN: 9781451859645

Keywords: Foreign exchange volatility, reserve adequacy, exchange rate, exchange rate volatility, effective exchange rate, exchange rate regime, real effective exchange rate, International Finance: General,

This paper studies the role of an increase in foreign exchange reserves in reducing currency volatility for emerging market countries. The study employs a panel of 28 countries over the period 1986-2002. Several co...

Can the Neoclassical Model Explain the Distribution of Foreign Direct Investment Across Developing Countries?

Can the Neoclassical Model Explain the Distribution of Foreign Direct Investment Across Developing Countries? »

Source: Can the Neoclassical Model Explain the Distribution of Foreign Direct Investment Across Developing Countries?

Volume/Issue: 1998/139

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Harm Zebregs

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1998

ISBN: 9781451929607

Keywords: Foreign Investment, Neoclassical Theory, fdi, marginal products, marginal product, foreign capital, direct investment

Since the beginning of the 1990s, foreign direct investment (FDI) in developing countries has increased dramatically. The distribution of FDI flows across these countries, however, is highly uneven; only a small nu...

CHAPTER 5: Conceptual Framework for Classifying Health Systems

CHAPTER 5: Conceptual Framework for Classifying Health Systems »

Source: What Macroeconomists Should Know about Health Care Policy

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Peter Heller , and William Hsiao

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 April 2007

ISBN: 9781589066182

Keywords: Health care, public health, health services, health policy, health expenditure

Like other socioeconomic systems, a health system is structured by state action or inaction to serve certain social purposes. A state makes conscious decisions in structuring the system to achieve certain ob...

CHAPTER 3: Facts and Myths about Health Care and the Health Sector

CHAPTER 3: Facts and Myths about Health Care and the Health Sector »

Source: What Macroeconomists Should Know about Health Care Policy

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Peter Heller , and William Hsiao

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 April 2007

ISBN: 9781589066182

Keywords: Health care, public health, health services, health policy, health expenditure

A. Basic Facts about the Health Sector Certain basic facts about the health sector and health care are not widely known. This section explains what macroeconomists should know on thi...

CHAPTER 4: Health Policy Challenges and Issues Confronting Nations

CHAPTER 4: Health Policy Challenges and Issues Confronting Nations »

Source: What Macroeconomists Should Know about Health Care Policy

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Peter Heller , and William Hsiao

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 April 2007

ISBN: 9781589066182

Keywords: Health care, public health, health services, health policy, health expenditure

Although specific issues confront nations at different stages of development, several issues confront all nations throughout the world. We first present the universal issues, then the ones for each stage....

CHAPTER 1: Introduction and Guide to the Primer

CHAPTER 1: Introduction and Guide to the Primer »

Source: What Macroeconomists Should Know about Health Care Policy

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Peter Heller , and William Hsiao

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 April 2007

ISBN: 9781589066182

Keywords: Health care, public health, health services, health policy, health expenditure

A. The Need for a Guide for Macroeconomists Whether working on a low-income country or an advanced economy, it is important that macroeconomists be aware of issues in health economic...

CHAPTER 6: Stages of Health System Development and Health System Performance

CHAPTER 6: Stages of Health System Development and Health System Performance »

Source: What Macroeconomists Should Know about Health Care Policy

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Peter Heller , and William Hsiao

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 April 2007

ISBN: 9781589066182

Keywords: Health care, public health, health services, health policy, health expenditure

A. Characterizing Different Stages of Health System Development This chapter presents an analytical framework to help macroeconomists understand health systems and assess health poli...

CHAPTER 7: What Role Can Macroeconomists Play?

CHAPTER 7: What Role Can Macroeconomists Play? »

Source: What Macroeconomists Should Know about Health Care Policy

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Peter Heller , and William Hsiao

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 April 2007

ISBN: 9781589066182

Keywords: Health care, public health, health services, health policy, health expenditure

A. Low- and Lower-Middle-Income Countries The CMH was initiated by the WHO as a means of providing an evidence base for economic and financial policymakers in low-income countries on...

CHAPTER 2: Why Is It Critical for Macroeconomists to Understand Health Issues?

CHAPTER 2: Why Is It Critical for Macroeconomists to Understand Health Issues? »

Source: What Macroeconomists Should Know about Health Care Policy

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Peter Heller , and William Hsiao

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 April 2007

ISBN: 9781589066182

Keywords: Health care, public health, health services, health policy, health expenditure

As a general rule, issues of health care policy have not generally been seen as the domain of macroeconomists. Only in recent years, with the report of the World Health Organization’s (WHO) Commission on Mac...

Coincident Indicators of Capital Flows1

Coincident Indicators of Capital Flows1 »

Source: Coincident Indicators of Capital Flows

Volume/Issue: 2012/55

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Malika Pant , and Yanliang Miao

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2012

ISBN: 9781463937737

Keywords: Coincident Indicators, Capital Tracker, net capital flows, net capital, capital inflows, International Finance Forecasting and Simulation,

Capital flows data from Balance of Payments statistics often lag 3-6 months, which renders timely surveillance and policy deliberation difficult. To address the tension, we propose two coincident composite indicato...