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Deflation
			: Determinants, Risks, and Policy Options

Deflation : Determinants, Risks, and Policy Options »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Taimur Baig , Jörg Decressin , Tarhan Feyzioglu , Manmohan Kumar , and Chris Faulkner-MacDonagh

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 June 2003

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589062276.084

ISBN: 9781589062276

Keywords: inflation, monetary policy, aggregate demand, money supply, low inflation

Deflation can be costly and difficult to anticipate, and concerns of a generalized decline in prices in both industrial and emerging market economies have increased recently. This paper investigates the causes and...

Finance & Development, March 1990

Finance & Development, March 1990 »

Volume/Issue: 27/1

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1990

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451953022.022

ISBN: 9781451953022

Keywords: inflation, wage, wage increases, inflationary pressures, wages

For the latest thinking about the international financial system, monetary policy, economic development, poverty reduction, and other critical issues, subscribe to Finance & Development (F&D). This lively quarterly...

Russian Federation; Staff Report for the 2011 Article IV Consultation

Russian Federation; Staff Report for the 2011 Article IV Consultation »

Volume/Issue: 2011/294

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 September 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781463904852.002

ISBN: 9781463904852

Keywords: inflation, monetary policy, external debt, current account, central bank

The reports highlights that, even though the Russian economy has started reviving from the crisis, growth has been moderate and inflation high. Executive Directors have advised that the focus should be on reducing...

IMF Survey, Volume 37, Issue 08

IMF Survey, Volume 37, Issue 08 »

Volume/Issue: 37/8

Series: IMF Survey

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 August 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451967906.023

ISBN: 9781451967906

Keywords: inflation, advanced economies, commodity prices, emerging economies, developing economies

Growth, inflation, subprime market crisis, technical assistance, Ghana, fiscal discipline, money laundering, social spending, wage bill ceilings, housing bust, Japan, Lipsky, Swaziland, foreign direct investment, n...

A Simple Monetary Model of a Shortage Economy

A Simple Monetary Model of a Shortage Economy »

Volume/Issue: 1992/69

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Shoukang Lin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 1992

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451960662.001

ISBN: 9781451960662

Keywords: wage, black market, wages, inflation, money supply

During the transition from a centrally planned economy to a market economy, many countries seem to have experienced some degree of macroeconomic instability. This paper attempts to provide a theoretical explanation...

Adding China to the Global Projection Model

Adding China to the Global Projection Model »

Volume/Issue: 2013/256

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Patrick Blagrave , Peter Elliott , Roberto Garcia-Saltos , Douglas Hostland , Douglas Laxton , and Fan Zhang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 December 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484317631.001

ISBN: 9781484317631

Keywords: Global Macroeconomic Model, inflation target, real interest rate, General, Global Outlook, General,

We extend the Global Projection Model (GPM) to include a separate block for China. China plays an important role in shaping global economic outcomes, given its sheer size and trade integration with other key econom...

An Evaluation of the World Economic Outlook Forecasts

An Evaluation of the World Economic Outlook Forecasts »

Volume/Issue: 2006/59

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Allan Timmermann

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451863192.001

ISBN: 9781451863192

Keywords: Global economic condition, forecast performance, and evaluation, inflation, statistics, correlation, inflation forecasts, General Aggregative Models: Forecasting and Simulation, Prices, Business Fluctuations

The World Economic Outlook (WEO) is a key source of forecasts of global economic conditions. It is therefore important to review the performance of these forecasts against both actual outcomes and alternative forec...

Balance of Payments Anti-Crises

Balance of Payments Anti-Crises »

Volume/Issue: 2009/134

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Isabel Yan , and Michael Kumhof

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451872811.001

ISBN: 9781451872811

Keywords: Balance of payments anti-crises, inflation dynamics, foreign exchange, exchange rate, inflation targeting,

Several emerging economies have, until recently, experienced large government surpluses and accelerating foreign exchange reserve accumulation. This has been accompanied by economic booms, exchange rate appreciatio...

Capital Market Integration in the Pacific Basin Region
			: An Analysis of Real Interest Rate Linkages

Capital Market Integration in the Pacific Basin Region : An Analysis of Real Interest Rate Linkages »

Volume/Issue: 1995/133

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Kate Phylaktis

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1995

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451855432.001

ISBN: 9781451855432

Keywords: capital market, real interest rate, real interest rates, capital market integration, capital flows

This paper investigates the extent to which financial markets in the Pacific Basin Region have become more integrated, by analyzing the comovements of real interest rates. The paper uses cointegration and error cor...

Central Bank Independence and Transparency
			: Evolution and Effectiveness

Central Bank Independence and Transparency : Evolution and Effectiveness »

Volume/Issue: 2008/119

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Christopher Crowe , and Ellen Meade

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451869798.001

ISBN: 9781451869798

Keywords: inflation, central bank, inflation targeting, monetary fund

This paper examines the current level of central bank independence (CBI) and transparency in a broad sample of countries using newly constructed measures, and looks at the evolution in both measures from an earlier...