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The Economics of Public Health Care Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

The Economics of Public Health Care Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Series: Books

Author(s): David Coady , Benedict Clements , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781616352448.071

ISBN: 9781616352448

Keywords: health care, public health, health insurance, public health spending, health spending

Health care reform will be a key fiscal policy challenge in both advanced and emerging economies in coming years. In the advanced economies, the health sector has been one of the main drivers of government expendit...

Aging in the Asian 'Tigers'
			: Challenges for Fiscal Policy

Aging in the Asian 'Tigers' : Challenges for Fiscal Policy »

Volume/Issue: 1997/143

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Peter Heller

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 1997

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451856309.001

ISBN: 9781451856309

Keywords: aging, Asia, demographics, health, medical care, pension, medical insurance, labor force, pension schemes

The paper assesses the government expenditure effects from changing demographics in the Asian “Tiger” economies through 2050. With some exceptions, their limited social insurance commitments initially...

China
			: Does Government Health and Education Spending Boost Consumption?

China : Does Government Health and Education Spending Boost Consumption? »

Volume/Issue: 2010/16

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Steven Barnett , and Ray Brooks

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451962130.001

ISBN: 9781451962130

Keywords: saving, health spending, government spending, household income, household consumption,

Consumption in China is unusually low and has continued to decline as a share of GDP over the past decade. A key policy question is how to reverse this trend, and rebalance growth away from reliance on exports and...

China's Path to Consumer-Based Growth
			: Reorienting Investment and Enhancing Efficiency

China's Path to Consumer-Based Growth : Reorienting Investment and Enhancing Efficiency »

Volume/Issue: 2013/83

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Il Houng Lee , Murtaza Syed , and Liu Xueyan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 March 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484309353.001

ISBN: 9781484309353

Keywords: Rebalancing, household income, consumption growth, consumption function, consumption over time, General, Analysis of Growth, Development, and Changes, Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity,

This paper proposes a possible framework for identifying excessive investment. Based on this method, it finds evidence that some types of investment are becoming excessive in China, particularly in inland provinces...

Determinants of China's Private Consumption
			: An International Perspective

Determinants of China's Private Consumption : An International Perspective »

Volume/Issue: 2010/93

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Kai Guo , and Papa N'Diaye

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451982701.001

ISBN: 9781451982701

Keywords: savings rate, household income, and GMM, disposable income, labor income, real interest rate,

This paper gauges the key determinants of China's private consumption in relation to GDP using data on the Chinese economy and evidence from other countries' experiences. The results suggest there is nothing "speci...

Incorporating Market Information into the Construction of the Fan Chart

Incorporating Market Information into the Construction of the Fan Chart »

Volume/Issue: 2009/178

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Prakash Kannan , and Selim Elekdag

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451873252.001

ISBN: 9781451873252

Keywords: Fan Chart, Balance of Risks, Option Prices, Consensus Forecasts, risk factors, survey, skewness, normal distribution, equation,

This paper develops a simple procedure for incorporating market-based information into the construction of fan charts. Using the International Monetary Fund (IMF)'s global growth forecast as a working example, the...

Is Asia Prepared for an Aging Population?

Is Asia Prepared for an Aging Population? »

Volume/Issue: 2006/272

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Peter Heller

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451865325.001

ISBN: 9781451865325

Keywords: retirement, health care, pension, health insurance, medical care, Analysis of Health Care Markets, Health Production, Economic History: Labor and Consumers, Demography, Education

Many Asian countries (such as China, Singapore, Korea, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, India, and the Philippines) will experience a significant aging of their populations during the next several decades. This paper...

Two Sides of the Same Coin? Rebalancing and Inclusive Growth in China

Two Sides of the Same Coin? Rebalancing and Inclusive Growth in China »

Volume/Issue: 2013/185

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Il Lee , Murtaza Syed , and Xin Wang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 August 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484386576.001

ISBN: 9781484386576

Keywords: Inequality, Rebalancing., gini, gini index, measures of inequality, Personal Income and Wealth Distribution, Government Policy and Regulation, General, Rebalancing,

This paper uses the Shapley Value decomposition technique to assess the factors behind the rise of inequality in China. It finds that, in many ways, inequality may have been an inevitable by-product of China&#x2019...

What Should Macroeconomists Know about Health Care Policy?

What Should Macroeconomists Know about Health Care Policy? »

Volume/Issue: 2007/13

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Peter Heller

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451865776.001

ISBN: 9781451865776

Keywords: health economics, government expenditure, public health, health expenditure, health policy, health sector, National Government Expenditures and Health, Analysis of Health Care Markets,

This primer aims to provide IMF macroeconomists with the essential information they need to address issues concerning health sector policy, particularly when they have significant macroeconomic implications. Such i...

What Should Macroeconomists Know About Health Care Policy
			: A Primer

What Should Macroeconomists Know About Health Care Policy : A Primer »

Volume/Issue: 2000/136

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): William Hsiao

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2000

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451855807.001

ISBN: 9781451855807

Keywords: health economics, government expenditure, health expenditure, public health, health policy, health insurance

This primer aims to provide IMF macroeconomists with the essential information they need in situations where they must address issues concerning health sector policy and when they have significant macroeconomic imp...