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Annex I China—Growth and Economic Reforms

Annex I China—Growth and Economic Reforms »

Source: World Economic Outlook : A survey by the staff of the International Monetary Fund: October 1997

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 October 1997

ISBN: 9781557756817

Keywords: exchange rate, debt, interest, inflation, debtor countries

Since the initiation of economic reforms in the late 1970s. China has achieved impressive economic growth coupled with significant structural transformation (Figure...

Annex II Implications of Structural Reforms Under EMU

Annex II Implications of Structural Reforms Under EMU »

Source: World Economic Outlook : A survey by the staff of the International Monetary Fund: October 1997

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 October 1997

ISBN: 9781557756817

Keywords: exchange rate, debt, interest, inflation, debtor countries

This annex builds on the discussion in Chapter III and further explores the implications for Europe and the rest of the world of alternative assumptions about labor...

Available on the Web

Available on the Web »

Source: IMF Survey : Volume 28, Issue 04

Volume/Issue: 28/4

Series: IMF Survey

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1999

ISBN: 9781451935660

Keywords: transition economies, structural reforms, transition countries, corruption, market economy, Conference on Transition,

The Web edition of the IMF Survey is updated several times a week, and contains a wealth of articles about topical policy and economic issues in the news. Access the latest IMF research, read interviews, and listen...

Bank Asset Quality in Emerging Markets

Bank Asset Quality in Emerging Markets »

Source: Bank Asset Quality in Emerging Markets : Determinants and Spillovers

Volume/Issue: 2012/71

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Reinout De Bock , and Alexander Demyanets

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2012

ISBN: 9781475502237

Keywords: Macro-financial linkages, Nonperforming loans, Exchange rate, Panel regressions, capital inflows, net capital flows, exchange rates, Bank Asset Quality in Emerging Markets, Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy, International Finance: General

This paper assesses the vulnerability of emerging markets and their banks to aggregate shocks. We find significant links between banks' asset quality, credit and macroeconomic aggregates. Lower economic growth, an...

Bank Ownership and Credit Growth in Emerging Markets During and After the 2008–09 Financial Crisis — A Cross-Regional Comparison1

Bank Ownership and Credit Growth in Emerging Markets During and After the 2008–09 Financial Crisis — A Cross-Regional Comparison1 »

Source: Bank Ownership and Credit Growth in Emerging Markets During and After the 2008-09 Financial Crisis - A Cross-Regional Comparison

Volume/Issue: 2014/171

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Guodong Chen , and Yi Wu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 2014

ISBN: 9781484390993

Keywords: Credit Growth, Bank Ownership, Financial Crisis, banking, banking regulation, foreign bank,

This paper examines bank credit growth in emerging markets before, during, and after the 2008-09 financial crisis using bank-level data, focusing on the role of bank ownership. Credit growth by foreign banks lagged...

Bivariate Assessments of Real Exchange Rates Using PPP Data

Bivariate Assessments of Real Exchange Rates Using PPP Data »

Source: Bivariate Assessments of Real Exchange Rates Using PPP Data

Volume/Issue: 2008/153

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Juan Zalduendo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2008

ISBN: 9781451870114

Keywords: Real exchange rate, exchange rate, real exchange rates

This paper focuses on assessments of real exchange rates using PPP data and examines their limitations when these are based exclusively on bivariate estimations. It begins by presenting an analytical framework of t...

Camdessus Offers Condolences on Death of King Hussein

Camdessus Offers Condolences on Death of King Hussein »

Source: IMF Survey : Volume 28, Issue 04

Volume/Issue: 28/4

Series: IMF Survey

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1999

ISBN: 9781451935660

Keywords: transition economies, structural reforms, transition countries, corruption, market economy, Conference on Transition,

The Web edition of the IMF Survey is updated several times a week, and contains a wealth of articles about topical policy and economic issues in the news. Access the latest IMF research, read interviews, and listen...

Can Policies Affect Employment Intensity of Growth? A Cross-Country Analysis•

Can Policies Affect Employment Intensity of Growth? A Cross-Country Analysis• »

Source: Can Policies Affect Employment Intensity of Growth? A Cross-Country Analysis

Volume/Issue: 2012/218

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Davide Furceri , Ernesto Crivelli , and Joël Toujas-Bernate

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2012

ISBN: 9781475505689

Keywords: employment elasticities, structural policies, reforms, labor market, labor market policies, Macroeconomics: Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment and Investment: Other, Mobility

The aim of this paper is to provide new estimates of employment-output elasticities and assess the effect of structural and macroeocnomic policies on the employment-intensity of growth. Using an unbalanced panel of...

Causes of Asset Shortages in Emerging Markets

Causes of Asset Shortages in Emerging Markets »

Source: Causes of Asset Shortages in Emerging Markets

Volume/Issue: 2011/114

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jiaqian Chen , and Patrick Imam

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2011

ISBN: 9781455262373

Keywords: Asset Shortage, Emerging Market, Capital Market, Regulation, financial assets, interest rates, capital markets, capital account, pension funds, Money and Interest Rates: General

We first illustrate that emerging markets (EMs) face a shortage of financial assets, with financial assets not growing as rapidly as domestic savings. We then estimate the asset shortage in EMs for 1995-2008. We de...

Chapter 13 China: Prolonged Reforms and the Weakening of Fiscal Control

Chapter 13 China: Prolonged Reforms and the Weakening of Fiscal Control »

Source: Transition to Market : Studies in Fiscal Reform

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 June 1993

ISBN: 9781557752758

Keywords: privatization, tax administration, tax system, taxation, tax reform

Starting in 1979, China has carried out wide-ranging economic reforms with the specific aim of accelerating the rate of output growth by increasing productivity and improving the al...